Southwest Finland

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Southwest Finland
Varsinais-Suomen maakunta
Egentliga Finlands landskap
Coat of arms of Southwest Finland
Coat of arms
Finland Proper on a map of Finland
Finland Proper on a map of Finland
Country Finland
Historical province Finland Proper
 • Total 10,910.05 km2 (4,212.39 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 470,880
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code FI-19
NUTS 183
Regional bird Jackdaw
Regional fish Baltic herring
Regional flower Oak

Southwest Finland, also known in English as Finland Proper[1] (Finnish: Varsinais-Suomi, Swedish: Egentliga Finland) is the region in south-western Finland that borders the regions of Satakunta and Tavastia Proper. Its capital and biggest city is Turku with 182,000 inhabitants and metro population of 316,000. Turku was also the most important city in Finland from its establishment around the 13th century until the 1840s.

The area comprising the southwest is largely the same as the historical province of Finland Proper, so named because it is the original home of the tribe known as the Finns. 5.7% of population of the region speaks Swedish natively.

Origin of the name[edit]

The name of Finland Proper has a historical function. In historic times, in the area of the present southern Finland lived three tribes, which were the Finns, the Tavastians and the Karelians. The southwestern part of the country, the province where the Finns lived, was called simply Finland (Finnish: Suomi). In the 17th century the name began to be used to refer to the whole land and a specified name for the lesser Finland was required. The first notes Fennigia specialiter dicta and Fennigia presse dicta were recorded in Latin in the 1650s and the Swedish Finland för sig sielft and Egenteliga Finland later in the 18th century the modern form Egentliga Finland being in official use at the end of the century. The Finnish term Varsinais-Suomi became established only around the 1850s.[2]

Historical provinces[edit]


Finland Proper Sub-regions, towns and municipalities

The region of Southwest Finland is made up of 27 municipalities, of which 11 have city status (marked in bold).


Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2015 in Finland Proper:


The region uses the coat of arms of the historical province of Finland Proper.

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ The regional council of the region uses the name "Southwest Finland". Despite this, the Language Planning Department of Finland recommends the name "Varsinais-Suomi" as suggested in the statement by the Interior Ministry of Finland in 1988. The Institute for Languages of Finland lists the official English name as "Varsinais-Suomi".
  2. ^ Suomalainen paikannimikirja. Jyväskylä: Gummerus. 2007. ISBN 978-951-593-976-0. 
  3. ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Finland Proper travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 60°30′N 22°45′E / 60.500°N 22.750°E / 60.500; 22.750