Southwest Region (Cameroon)

Coordinates: 4°10′N 9°14′E / 4.167°N 9.233°E / 4.167; 9.233
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Southwest Region
The capital Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
The capital Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
Location of Southwest Region within Cameroon
Location of Southwest Region within Cameroon
CountryCameroon
CapitalBuea
DivisionsFako, Koupé-Manengouba, Lebialem, Manyu, Meme, Ndian, Wazani
Government
 • GovernorBernard Okalia B.
Area
 • Total25,410 km2 (9,810 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total1,553,320
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
HDI (2017)0.599[1]
medium · 6th of 10

The Southwest Region or South-West Region (French: Région du Sud-Ouest) is a region in Cameroon. Its capital is Buea.[2] As of 2015, its population was 1,553,320. Along with the Northwest Region, it is one of the two Anglophone (English-speaking) regions of Cameroon. Various Ambazonian nationalist and separatist factions regard the Sud-Ouest region as being distinct as a polity from Cameroon.[3]

Divisions of Southwest province

History[edit]

In 1884, the region was colonized by Germany under the Protectorate regime until 1916 when it became a condominium administered jointly by the United Kingdom and the France.[4] In 1919, the administration of the South West region became solely British. In 1961, the region joined Cameroon.[5]

Ambazonian separatism[edit]

At the end of 2017, an Ambazonian separatist movement in the two English-speaking regions of the North-West and South-West initiated a wave of violence affecting the military, police, business leaders and workers. The separatist militiamen are trying in particular to prevent children from returning to school. Between 2016 and 2019, separatists reportedly ransacked, destroyed or burned more than 174 schools[6] Separatists from the Ambazonia administration regard both the Nord-Ouest (Northwest) and Sud-Ouest (Southwest) regions as being constituent components of their envisaged breakaway state.[7]

Administration[edit]

The region is divided into seven divisions or departments: Fako, Koupé-Manengouba, Lebialem, Manyu, Meme, Wazani and Ndian. These are in turn broken down into subdivisions.[8] Presidentially appointed senior divisional officers (prefets) and subdivisional officers (sous-prefets) govern each respectively.

Map of Southwest

Geography[edit]

The region was notable for having the first English-speaking university in Cameroon (the University of Buea). Towns include the capital Buea, Limbe, Tiko, Kumba and Mamfe. Limbe in particular is a popular tourist resort notable for its fine beaches. Korup National Park is also a major attraction. Buea itself, meanwhile, sits at the foot of Mount Cameroon, and possesses an almost temperate climate markedly different from the rest of the province.

Culture[edit]

The province is largely Anglophone and Protestant Christian.[9]

Common dishes in the region[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1976620,515—    
1987838,042+2.77%
20051,316,079+2.54%
20151,553,320+1.67%
source:[10]

Healthcare[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "BUEA". cvuc.cm (in French). Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  3. ^ Tatah-Mentan, I., and F. Achankeng. "Stopping war before it starts: testing preventive diplomacy in the selfdetermination case of British Southern Cameroons (aka Ambazonia)." British Southern Cameroons: Nationalism & Conflict in Postcolonial Africa (2014): 127-170.
  4. ^ Emmanuel Mbah, Environment and Identity Politics in Colonial Africa: Fulani Migrations and Land Conflict, Taylor & Francis, UK, 2016, p. 20
  5. ^ Emmanuel Mbah, Environment and Identity Politics in Colonial Africa: Fulani Migrations and Land Conflict, Taylor & Francis, UK, 2016, p. 21
  6. ^ Philippe Karsenty, in Cameroon, causeur.fr, September 2, 2019
  7. ^ Adepoju, Paul. "World Report Hospital attack in anglophone Cameroon kills four patients." (2019).
  8. ^ "Région du Sud-Ouest". cvuc.cm (in French). Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  9. ^ "Cameroon". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  10. ^ Cameroon: Administrative Division population statistics

4°10′N 9°14′E / 4.167°N 9.233°E / 4.167; 9.233