Southwick, Hampshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Southwick
Southwick P1010125.JPG
The Golden Lion Inn[1]
Southwick is located in Hampshire
Southwick
Southwick
Southwick shown within Hampshire
Population 315 [2]
889 (2011 Census. Southwick and Widley)[3]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PORTSMOUTH
Dialling code 023
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°52′26″N 1°06′43″W / 50.874°N 1.112°W / 50.874; -1.112Coordinates: 50°52′26″N 1°06′43″W / 50.874°N 1.112°W / 50.874; -1.112

Southwick /ˈsʌðɪk/[4] is a village in Hampshire, England. 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the Portsmouth measured from Portsea Island. Its homes and farms belong to tenants in the style of the Middle Ages apart from Church Lodge.[5]

Southwick was initially the site of Southwick Priory, in the 12th century. On the Dissolution of the Monasteries during the Reformation the estate, including the village, was granted to John White. In 1813 a new manor house, Southwick House, was completed. This house was gutted by fire in 1838, but was renovated by 1841. The house and part of the estate was requisitioned by the government during World War II and has been used by various parts of the armed forces, including as HMS Dryad, ever since.[6]

Southwick is rare in that the village is still entirely owned by the Southwick Estate (except for Church Lodge). The most obvious sign of this is that all the houses, except manor houses, have dark red-painted front doors - a condition laid down in the tenancy agreements. The only exceptions to this are the White House, the residence of the vicar and Church Lodge. Church Lodge is the only privately owned house in the old village and is shown in the fourth picture below. The church itself is Grade I listed early medieval, known as St James, but officially "St James without (i.e. outside) the priory gate".[7] The Defence College of Policing and Guarding is situated at nearby Southwick Park. As of 16 October 2011 the FirstGroup bus services providing travel to the village residents has been withdrawn. The only shop within the village is located opposite the church and is known as Southwick Village Stores.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1350287)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 May 2012.  There is also the Red Lion Inn Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1096221)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census data". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 
  3. ^ "Joint Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 January 2017. 
  4. ^ discussion on pronunciation, also see disambiguation page
  5. ^ "Information about the parish". Hampshire County Council. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1096247)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1167160)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Southwick, Hampshire at Wikimedia Commons