Sovereign-class cruise ship
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MS Sovereign as Sovereign of the Seas
|Builders:||Chantiers de l’Atlantique; Saint-Nazaire, France|
|Preceded by:||Song of America|
|Succeeded by:||Vision class|
|Length:||268.33 m (880 ft 4 in)|
|Beam:||32.21 m (105 ft 8 in)|
|Draft:||7.55 m (24 ft 9 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 controllable pitch propellers with two rudders rear and two through bow thrusters|
|Speed:||21.5 knots (39.8 km/h; 24.7 mph)|
The three ships of the class were built in Saint-Nazaire, France at the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyards. The first modern "megaships" to be built, they also were the first series of cruise ships to include a multi-story atrium with glass elevators, which the ship's designer, Njål Eide, referred to as the "Centrum". They also had a single deck devoted entirely to cabins with private balconies instead of oceanview cabins. The first ship, Sovereign of the Seas launched in 1988, was the world's largest passenger ship in service, breaking the record held by SS Norway (originally designed as an ocean liner). Sovereign held this distinction until 1990 when Norway succeeded her after being refurbished with the addition of two more decks. In 1991, Royal Caribbean International launched a slightly modified sister ship, Monarch of the Seas. In 1992, the line launched its third and final sister ship, Majesty of the Seas. These ships were among the largest modern cruise ships to sail during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
During that time, other major cruise lines also followed suit, building ships that included many of the same features and similar dimensions as the Sovereign class. Carnival Cruise Lines launched the Fantasy class in 1990, comparable in size to the Sovereign class and also featuring a multi-story atrium with glass elevators. Princess Cruises also countered by launching two ships in 1990 and 1991 to compete with the Sovereign class, Crown Princess and Regal Princess. They also featured an atrium and two decks devoted to cabins with private balconies instead of windowed "oceanview" cabins. Since then, newer and larger ships have exceeded the size of the Sovereign-class ships. They are less than half the size of the Freedom-class ships and about a third the size of Oasis-class ships.
In 2007, Monarch of the Seas became the first major cruise liner in the world to be captained by a woman, the Swede Karin Stahre Janson, who remained the only one until 2010 when the British captain Sarah Breton took charge of MS Artemis of P&O Cruises.
Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd transferred Sovereign of the Seas and Monarch of the Seas from Royal Caribbean International to their Pullmantur Cruises subsidiary in 2008 and 2013, respectively. Plans to transfer Majesty of the Seas to Pullmantur in 2016 had been announced in November 2014. However in July 2015, Royal Caribbean reversed those plans, instead stating that Majesty of the Seas would stay with Royal Caribbean International and be receiving a massive overhaul and upgrade in early 2016 to bring her up to today's standards.
As of July 2020, the first two ships, Sovereign and Monarch, have been sold for scrap, due to the bankruptcy of Pullmantur Cruises. 
|Ship||Operated By||Year Built||Gross tonnage||Notes||Image|
|Sovereign||Pullmantur Cruises||1987||73,192||Largest passenger ship in the world at the time of its completion. Completely refurbished in November 2004. Transferred to Pullmantur and renamed Sovereign in 2008. Scrapped in Aliağa in 2020.|
|Monarch||Pullmantur Cruises||1991||73,937||Completely refurbished in May 2003. Transferred to Pullmantur and renamed Monarch in 2013. Scrapped in Aliağa in 2020.|
|Majesty||-||1992||73,941||Built as Majesty of the Seas for Royal Caribbean International. Sold in 2020.|
- "M/S Sovereign". Retrieved 2020-12-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Are mega-ships better ships?". The Globe and Mail. October 15, 2005.
- "Q&A: World's first female captain of a major cruise ship". USA Today. 5 November 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Sarah Breton:The first female cruise ship captain". Daily Express. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Why Majesty of the Seas is Perfect for Pullmantur". Pullmantur Cruises. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. February 23, 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Video: Famed Cruise Ship Monarch Beached for Scrapping". The Maritime Executive. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
- "Royal Caribbean International's Monarch of the Seas to be completely refurbished in late-5/03". Travel Agent. March 24, 2003.
Look for Royal Caribbean International's Monarch of the Seas, one of RCI's older ships, to be completely refurbished in late May before it begins Los Angeles service in June.