MS Sovereign docked at Livorno, Italy in 2015.
|Owner:||Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.|
|Port of registry:|
|Christened:||15 January 1988|
|In service:||16 January 1988|
|Class and type:||Sovereign-class cruise ship|
|Length:||268.33 m (880.35 ft)|
|Beam:||32.21 m (105.68 ft)|
|Draft:||7.55 m (24.77 ft)|
|Speed:||21.5 knots (39.8 km/h; 24.7 mph)|
At the time of her maiden voyage on January 16, 1988, at 73,192 GT, she was the largest cruise ship in the world to be built since the Queen Elizabeth, she was still the largest cruise ship until the construction of the Sun Princess in 1995. She was initially based at the Port of Miami.
In 1998 and 1999, the Royal Caribbean International cruise company was fined US$9 million because the MS Sovereign of the Seas had repeatedly dumped oily waste into the ocean and tried to hide this using false records, including fake piping diagrams given to the US Coast Guard. Because the company was and is incorporated in Liberia, Royal Caribbean argued that this case was not in the jurisdiction of US courts. Despite their argument, they were unsuccessful.
Her refurbishment in November 2004 was the subject of the Travel Channel mini-series Dry-Dock, A Cruise Ship Reborn. Throughout her time with Royal Caribbean she sailed three-, four-, and seven-night cruises to the Bahamas and the Caribbean out of Miami & Port Canaveral, Florida, southern US. These cruises visited Coco Cay, one of RCI's privately owned islands, in the Berry Islands group.
In November 2008, after serving for Royal Caribbean International for 20 years, Sovereign of the Seas was transferred to the fleet of Pullmantur Cruises, a Royal Caribbean Cruises LTD subsidiary, and renamed MS Sovereign. Sovereign set sail on its first voyage with Pullmantur Cruises on March 23, 2009. Similar to other ships in the same class, Sovereign has a multi-deck atrium lobby called the Centrum, and a top-deck, funnel-mounted Viking Crown Lounge with panoramic views of the sea. The ship features 9 bars, 5 restaurants, 4 pools, spa, casino, and many other amenities.
MS Sovereign as Sovereign of the Seas anchored off Nassau, Bahamas during the day.
MS Sovereign as Sovereign of the Seas anchored off Nassau, Bahamas at night.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Sovereign of the Seas (1988)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- "Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Transfers Royal Caribbean International Ship to Pullmantur". Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Lloyd's Register of Ships, 1992[clarification needed]
- "U.S. keeps wary eye on cruise ships for more pollution". USA Today. 8 November 2002. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- "Royal Caribbean International - Dry-Dock, A Cruise Ship Reborn - Official Page". Retrieved 2011-05-18.
- "SOVEREIGN Technical Data". Pullmantur. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
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