Sovereign of the Seas (clipper)
Sovereign of the Seas
|Builder:||Donald McKay of East Boston, MA|
|Fate:||Wrecked in the Strait of Malacca, on voyage from Hamburg to China, 1859|
|Class and type:||Extreme clipper|
|Tons burthen:||2421 tons.|
|Length:||252 ft. (76.8m)|
|Beam:||45.6 ft. (13.9m)|
|Draft:||29.2 ft. (8.9m)|
|Notes:||Has held the record for the fastest speed ever for a sailing ship, 22 knots (41 km/h, 25 mph), since 1854|
Built by Donald McKay of East Boston, Massachusetts, Sovereign of the Seas was the first ship to travel more than 400 nautical miles in 24 hours. On the second leg of her maiden voyage, she made a record passage from Honolulu, Hawaii to New York City in 82 days. She then broke the record to Liverpool, England, making the passage in 13 days 13.5 hours. In 1853 she was chartered by James Baines of the Black Ball Line, Liverpool for the Australia trade.
In 1854, Sovereign of the Seas recorded the fastest speed for a sailing ship, logging 22 knots (41 km/h, 25 mph).
- Donald McKay
- List of large sailing vessels
- Hobart Bosworth—cabin boy on Sovereign of the Seas who became a famous actor
- Note that this is a very specific record, far exceeded by multi-hulled sailing craft, and modern monohulls. Some qualification, as to ship length, tonnage, number of masts, or such must be applied.
- Lars Bruzelius. "Sailing Ships: Sovereign of the Seas". Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Octavius T. Howe; Frederick G. Matthews (1986). American Clipper Ships 1833-1858. 1. New York. ISBN 0-486-25115-2.
- "San Francisco Commerce, Past, Present and Future". Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine. April 1888. p. 370. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- Lyon, Jane D (1962). Clipper Ships and Captains. New York: American Heritage Publishing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sovereign of the Seas (ship, 1852).|
- Sovereign of the Seas, Springfield Museum Currier and Ives lithograph
- Builder's half hull model of Clipper Ship Sovereign of the Seas
- Painting of clipper ship Sovereign of the Seas, San Francisco Public Library
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