|Comune di Sovicille|
Ponte della Pia.
|Province / Metropolitan city||Siena (SI)|
|Frazioni||Rosia, San Rocco a Pilli, Stigliano, Torri, Volte Basse|
|• Total||143.7 km2 (55.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||265 m (869 ft)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||61/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
The name Sovicille is documented as far back as 1004, but the origins of the place probably go back much further. (In 2002 a mosaic from the Roman period was uncovered in the Church of St John the Baptist, and there is no shortage of Etruscan relics in the immediate area.)
During the Middle Ages the region found itself on the borders between Siena and Volterra: The Abbey of Serena, some 30 kilometers to the west, was under the control of Volterra, and the land around Sovicille was included as property of the abbey around the year 1000.
A written record of the place survives from 23 April 1123, in which the (by origin Senese) Pope Alexander III identifies it as Sufficille. The name is thought to derive from the Latin words "sub" (under) and "ficinulae/ficus" (small fig tree").
The municipal statutes date right back to the thirteenth century. In the thirteenth century the by now democratically administered Republic of Siena allowed several municipalities, including Sovicille, their own municipal statutes in 1238 (modified in 1293 and then reconfigured, to the format that survives today, in 1303), which included the right to make their own laws.
In 1333 Sovicille was overrun and burned down by Pisa.
The Medici family purchased the lands of Siena from the Emperor for two million ducats in 1557: this was followed by the abolition of democratic institutions and a return to feudalism. Sovicille became a fief of the Medici and was transformed into an imposing fortress, defending an access point to their newly expanded territories.
After the death of the last of the Medici rulers, power transferred to the Dukes of Lorraine who remained in control till the end of the eighteenth century when the entire region was invaded by Napoleon Bonaparte.
The French remained in charge till 1814 when, under the terms agreed at Vienna, Sovicille was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In 1859 it came under the control of the short-lived United Provinces of Central Italy, which was effectively a transitional entity leading to incorporation in 1861 within the new Kingdom of Italy.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- P. Cammarosano, V. Passeri, C. Perogalli, G. Vismara: I castelli del Senese : strutture fortificate dell'area senese-grossetana. Milano: Electa, 1985, p. 390.
- Marco Bucciarelli: Siena und sein Land : Dorf für Dorf vom Chianti bis zum Meer. Sovicille: ZyPresse, 2000, p. 648.
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