Soviet Cup

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Soviet Cup
Organising bodyFootball Federation of the USSR
Founded1936
Abolished1992
Region Soviet Union (UEFA)
Number of teams32
Last championsSpartak Moscow (10th title)
Most successful club(s)Spartak Moscow (10 titles)

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup (Russian: Кубок СССР),[a] was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition was awarded a qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, unless it already qualified for the European Cup, in turn passed the qualification to the finalist. In case if a team would win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and not win its national league cup titles next year, it qualified to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup along with the new cup holder.

The first participation in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup took place in 1965-66 when Dynamo Kyiv qualified for the European competition for winning the 1964 Soviet Cup.

Format[edit]

Format of competitions was constantly changing. Until 1984 the Soviet Cup corresponded to the Soviet Top League calendar "spring"-"fall", however after that it changed to "fall"-"spring" calendar which is now the most popular in the Europe. In 1959-1960 the competition was conducted for two years. From 1965 to 1968 seasons were overlapping each other. The 1992 Soviet Cup Final took place after the fall of the Soviet Union in the independent Russia.

All tournaments final were played in a single game in Moscow, but until introduction of penalty kicks as a tie-breaker some finals that ended in tie were replayed. Until 1955 the tournament finals were played at Central Stadium "Dynamo", after being transferred to Central Stadium of Lenin (today Luzhniki Stadium).

Finals[edit]

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1936 Lokomotiv Moscow 2–0 Dinamo Tbilisi
1937 Dynamo Moscow 5–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1938 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Elektrik Leningrad
1939 Spartak Moscow 3–1 Stalinets Leningrad
1940[1] not finished, see Soviet Amateur Cup
no tournament in 1941–1943
1944 Zenit Leningrad 2–1 CDKA Moscow
1945 CDKA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1946 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1947 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1948 CDKA Moscow 3–0 Spartak Moscow
1949 Torpedo Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1950 Spartak Moscow 3–0 Dynamo Moscow
1951 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Kalinin FC
1952 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1953 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Zenit Kuybyshev
1954 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Spartak Yerevan
1955 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
no tournament in 1956
1957 Lokomotiv Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1958 Spartak Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
change of format and no final in 1959
1959–60 Torpedo Moscow 4–3 Dinamo Tbilisi
1961 Shakhtyor Stalino 3–1 Torpedo Moscow
1962 Shakhtyor Stalino 2–0 Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo
1963 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1964 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
1965 Spartak Moscow 0–0
2–1 (replay)
Dynamo Minsk
1965–66 Dynamo Kyiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1966–67 Dynamo Moscow 3–0 CSKA Moscow
1967–68 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Pakhtakor Tashkent
1969 Karpaty Lviv 2–1 SKA Rostov-on-Don
1970 Dynamo Moscow 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1971 Spartak Moscow 2–2
1–0 (replay)
SKA Rostov-on-Don
1972 Torpedo Moscow 0–0
1–1 (5–1 pen) (replay)
Spartak Moscow
1973 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Dynamo Kyiv
1974 Dynamo Kyiv 3–0 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1975 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1976 Dinamo Tbilisi 3–0 Ararat Yerevan
1977 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1978 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1979 Dinamo Tbilisi 0–0 (aet) (5–4 pen) Dynamo Moscow
1980 Shakhtar Donetsk 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1981 SKA Rostov-on-Don 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1982 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1983 Shakhtar Donetsk 1–0 Metalist Kharkiv
1984 Dynamo Moscow 2–0 Zenit Leningrad
1984–85 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1985–86 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1986–87 Dynamo Kyiv 3–3 (aet) (4–2 pen) Dynamo Minsk
1987–88 Metalist Kharkiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1988–89 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1989–90 Dynamo Kyiv 6–1 Lokomotiv Moscow
1990–91 CSKA Moscow 3–2 Torpedo Moscow
1991–92 Spartak Moscow 2–0 CSKA Moscow
due to dissolution of the Soviet Union, the last season was renamed to Soviet–CIS Cup

Overall statistics[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-Up Semi-finalists Years Won
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Spartak Moscow 10 5 7 1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Dinamo Kiev 9 1 4 1954, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Torpedo Moscow 6 9 5 1949, 1952, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1986
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Dinamo Moscow 6 5 10 1937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic CSKA Moscow 5 3 11 1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Shakhter Donetsk 4 4 6 1961, 1962, 1980, 1983
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic Dinamo Tbilisi 2 6 7 1976, 1979
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic Ararat Yerevan 2 2 2 1973, 1975
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Lokomotiv Moscow 2 1 7 1936, 1957
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Zenit Leningrad 1 2 7 1944
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic SKA Rostov-na-Donu 1 2 0 1981
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Metallist Kharkov 1 1 1 1988
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Karpaty Lvov 1 0 2 1969
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 1 0 5 1989
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev 0 2 2
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Dinamo Minsk 0 2 2
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Zaria Voroshilovgrad 0 2 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Elektrik Leningrad 0 1 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Kalinin city team 0 1 0
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Znamia Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo 0 1 0
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Pakhtakor Tashkent 0 1 1
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Neftianik Baku 0 0 4
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Dinamo Leningrad 0 0 3
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Rotor Volgograd 0 0 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic VSS Moscow 0 0 1
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic SKA Kiev 0 0 1
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic SKA Odessa 0 0 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Admiralteyets Leningrad 0 0 1
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Qairat Almaty 0 0 1
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Chernomorets Odessa 0 0 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Sokol Saratov 0 0 1
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Sudostroitel Nikolayev 0 0 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Iskra Smolensk 0 0 1
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Tavriya Simferopol 0 0 1
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Žalgiris Vilnius 0 0 1
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Pamir Dushanbe 0 0 1
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Fakel Voronezh 0 0 1
Total 51 51 102

Performance by republic[edit]

Republic Winners Runners-Up Semi-finals Winning Clubs
 Russian SFSR 31 32 59 Spartak Moscow (10), Dinamo Moscow (6), Torpedo Moscow (6), CSKA Moscow (5), Lokomotiv Moscow (2), Zenit Leningrad (1), SKA Rostov-na-Donu (1)
 Ukrainian SSR 16 8 24 Dinamo Kiev (9), Shakhter Donetsk (4), Metallist Kharkov (1), Karpaty Lvov (1), Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk (1)
 Georgian SSR 2 6 7 Dinamo Tbilisi (2)
 Armenian SSR 2 2 2 Ararat Yerevan (2)
 Byelorussian SSR 0 2 2
 Uzbek SSR 0 1 1
 Azerbaijan SSR 0 0 4
 Kazakh SSR 0 0 1
 Lithuanian SSR 0 0 1
 Tajik SSR 0 0 1
Total 51 51 102

Best coaches[edit]

Valeriy Lobanovsky (1939-2002).
Boris Arkadiev (1899-1986).
Valentin Ivanov (1934-2011).
Place Name Medals Champion clubs
gold silver
1 Viktor Maslov 6 3 Torpedo Moscow (3), Dynamo Kyiv (2), Ararat Yerevan (1)
2 Valeriy Lobanovsky 6 - Dynamo Kyiv
3 Boris Arkadiev 4 1 CDKA Moscow (3), Lokomotiv Moscow (1)
Nikita Simonyan 4 1 Spartak Moscow (3), Ararat Yerevan (1)
5 Oleg Oshenkov 3 1 Shakhtar Donetsk (2), Dynamo Kyiv (1)
6 Valentin Ivanov 2 5 Torpedo Moscow
7 Aleksandr Sevidov 2 2 Dynamo Moscow
8-11 Nodar Akhalkatsi 2 1 Dinamo Tbilisi
Konstantin Beskov 2 1 Dynamo Moscow
Konstantin Kvashnin 2 1 Spartak Moscow, Torpedo Moscow
Viktor Nosov 2 1 Shakhtar Donetsk

Another coach Albert Vollrat won two cups in 1946 and 1947.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Кубок СРСР, Belarusian: Кубак СССР, Uzbek: СССР Кубоги, Kazakh: КСРО Кубогы, Georgian: სსრკ თასი, Azerbaijani: ССРИ кубоку, Lithuanian: TSRS taurė, Romanian: Cupa URSS (Moldovan Cyrillic: Купа УРСС), Latvian: PSRS kauss, Armenian: ԽՍՀՄ Գավաթ, Estonian: NSVL Karikas.

References[edit]