Soviet First League
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after 52 seasons
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Soviet Top League|
|Relegation to||Soviet Second League|
|Last champions||FC Rotor Volgograd (1)|
|Most championships||FC Krylya Sovetov Samara (5)|
The Soviet First League was the second highest division of Soviet football, below the Soviet Top League. The division lasted from the inception of Soviet league football in 1936 to the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.
It has been known as Group B, Group 2, Class B, and Class A, group 2 before being renamed First League in 1971. The number of teams playing at this level fluctuated significantly during the history of Soviet football. In 1940s-1970s the league frequently consisted of several groups. The group winners qualified for the final tournament.
- 1936-1940 Group B (no competition in 1938)
- 1945-1949 Second Group
- 1950-1962 Class B
- 1963-1969 Second Group (Class A)
- 1970-1970 First Group (Class A)
- 1971-1991 First League
One unusual feature of the league was one that have taken place before 1989. The Soviet Football Union tried to eliminate the growing amount of drawn games, thus, intensify the competition. The participated clubs were receiving a point for each drawn game, but the amount of all their drawn games could not exceed a third of all their games played. After that they received no points for any further draws that they earned. In 1987, for example, FC Fakel Voronezh was relegated by being short of a point having received no points for their two extra drawn games. 
The season's best
The teams that either won its group or participated in play-offs are included as well. All seasons are double-round robin unless otherwise indicated in "Notes".
|1936 (spring)||Dinamo Tiflis||ZIS Moscow||Stalinets Leningrad|
|1936 (autumn)||Serp i Molot Moscow||Temp Baku||Stalinets Moscow|
|1937||Spartak Leningrad||FC Dynamo Rostov/Don||Temp Baku|
|1938||not held, part of the Super League|
|1939||Krylya Sovetov Moscow||Lokomotivi Tbilisi||FC Dynamo Rostov/Don||single round robin|
|1940||Krasnaya Zarya Leningrad||FC Spartak Leningrad||Stroitel Yuga Baku|
|1941-44||no competition due to World War II|
Second Group (Class A)
First Group (Class A)
|1970||Karpaty Lviv||Kairat Alma-Aty||Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk|
- Trudovye Reservy were replacing Dynamo Leningrad for several season. Later Dynamo was reinstated in their place.
- After 1989 season teams from Baltic states (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) and Georgia withdrew from the Soviet competitions. Only the two pro-Soviet, pro-Russian teams: Pardaugava (Riga) and Dinamo Sukhumi continued to participate.
- Four teams were promoted due to withdrawal of several teams prior to this season. The fourth team was Lokomotiv Moscow.
- Last season. Russian SFSR clubs form new Russian Top Division with compatriot clubs from Soviet Top League, and other SSR clubs do the same.