Railway system of the Soviet Union

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Soviet Railways
P36.jpg
Steam locomotives, such as the P36, were the quintessential symbol of the Soviet Railways.
Reporting mark SZhD, SZD
Locale Soviet Union
Dates of operation 1922–1991
Predecessor RIZhD, JGR
Successor RŽD, UZ, BCh, ADDY, SR, HYU, LG, CFM, EVR, LZD, KTZ, OTY, TZD, KTJ
Track gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
Electrification 3 kV DC, 25 kV AC, 50 Hz
Length 147,400 km (91,600 mi)
Headquarters Moscow

The Soviet Railways (Russian: Cоветские железные дороги (CЖД)) was the state owned national railway system of the Soviet Union, headquartered in Moscow. The railway started operations in December 1922, shortly after the formation of the Soviet Union. It operated until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.[1] The Soviet Railways were the largest unified railway in the world and the backbone of the Soviet Union's economy. Soviet Railways greatly upgraded and expanded the Russian Imperial Railways to meet the demands of the Soviet Union. The railway was directly under the control of the Ministry of Railways in the Soviet Union.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Soviet Railways were split into fifteen different national railways belonging to the respective countries. However, after the end of Soviet Railways, rail transport in the former Soviet states greatly declined and have not recovered to their former efficiency to this day.[2] Russian Railways is considered as the primary successor[clarification needed] of Soviet Railways. Other successors inherited the Soviet infrastructure in Central Asia.

Successor Railways[edit]

Railway Country Year Started Length (in Km)
Azerbaijan Railways (ADY)
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
1991
2,932 km
Latvian Railways (LZD)
Latvia Latvia
1992
2,269 km
Lithuanian Railways (LG)
Lithuania Lithuania
1991
1,766 km
Georgian Railways (SR)
Georgia (country) Georgia
1992
1,513 km
Moldovian Railways (CFM)
Moldova Moldova
1992
1,156 km
Armenian Railways (HYU)
Armenia Armenia
1992
845 km
Eesti Raudtee (EVR)
Estonia Estonia
1992
816 km
Tajik Railways (TZD)
Tajikistan Tajikistan
1992
616 km
Kyrgyz Railways (KTJ)
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
1992
417 km

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Railways - History of Russian Railways (1914-1991)
  2. ^ Russian Railways - History of Russian Railways (1991-2003)

Further reading[edit]

  • Kelly, Peter (April 1984). "Railways in the Soviet Union". Rail Enthusiast. EMAP National Publications. pp. 24–27. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965.