Soviet Union legislative election, 1979

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Soviet Union legislative election, 1979
Soviet Union
1974 ←
4 March 1979 → 1984

All seats to the Soviet Supreme Soviet
  First party
Leader Leonid Brezhnev
Party CPSU
Leader since 14 October 1964
Seats won 549 (Soviet of the Union)
526 (Soviet of Nationalities)

Elected General Secretary

Leonid Brezhnev

Elections to the Supreme Soviet were held in the Soviet Union on 4 March 1979.[1]

Electoral system[edit]

Candidates had to be nominated by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) or by a public organisation.[2] However, all public organisations were controlled by the party and were subservient to a 1931 law that required them to accept party rule.[2] The CPSU itself remained the only legal one in the country.[3]

Voters could vote against the CPSU candidate, but could only do so by using polling booths, whereas votes for the party could be cast simply by submitting a blank ballot.[2] Turnout was required to be over 50% for the election to be valid.[2]


CPSU candidates accounted for around three quarters of the nominees, whilst many of the others were members of Komsomol.[4]


Party Soviet of the Union Soviet of Nationalities
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Communist Party of the Soviet Union 174,734,459 99.9 549 174,770,398 99.9 526
Independents 201 224
Against 185,730 0.1 149,783 0.1
Invalid/blank votes 32 40
Total 174,920,221 100 767 174,920,221 100 750
Registered voters/turnout 174,944,173 100 174,944,173 100
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1642 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p1630
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1654
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1631