Soviet aircraft carrier Minsk
Minsk in 1983
|Soviet Union ⁄ Russia|
|Namesake:||City of Minsk|
|Builder:||Chernomorskiy yard, Mykolayiv|
|Laid down:||28 December 1972 |
|Launched:||30 September 1975 |
|Commissioned:||27 September 1978 |
|Decommissioned:||30 June 1993|
|Fate:||Sold to China for use as museum, 1995|
|Class & type:||Kiev-class aircraft carrier|
|Length:||273 m (896 ft) overall|
|Draught:||8.94 m (29.3 ft)|
|Propulsion:||4 shaft geared steam turbines, 140,000 shp|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Endurance:||13,500 nautical miles (25,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)|
|Armament:||4 × twin SS-N-12 Sandbox SSM launchers (8 missiles), 2 × twin SA-N-3 Shtorm SAM launchers (72 missiles), 2 × twin SA-N-4 Gecko SAM launchers (40 missiles), 2 × twin 76 mm guns, 8 × AK-630 30 mm CIWS, 10 × 533 mm torpedo tubes, 1 × twin SUW-N-1 ASW rocket launcher (16 nuclear-tipped rockets), 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers|
Minsk operated with the Pacific Fleet. Shortly after the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979, Minsk was deployed to the South China Sea, making a port of call at Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam, in September 1980. She visited Vietnam again in 1982 during her second deployment before sailing onto the Indian Ocean. In 1984, Minsk, the Ivan Rogov-class landing ship Aleksandr Nikolayev, and Vietnam forces conducted the Soviet Navy's first amphibious landing in Vietnam.
She was retired as a result of a major accident (details not known) which required the facilities at the Chernomorskiy yard, in Mykolayiv, located in the newly independent Ukraine (the reasons for not attempting a repair are not known).
Chinese theme park
In 1995 Minsk was sold to a South Korean businessman, and later resold to Shenzhen Minsk Aircraft Carrier Industry Company Limited, a Chinese company. Until 2006, when the company went bankrupt, Minsk was part of a military theme park in Yantian district, Shatoujiao (沙头角) sub-district, Shenzhen called Minsk World. The carrier was put up for auction on 22 March 2006. No bids at the starting price of 128 million RMB were received, so the carrier was withdrawn from sale. On 31 May 2006, the carrier was auctioned off in Shenzhen for 128 million RMB to CITIC Shenzhen, the current operator. The picture shows the aircraft carrier at the CITIC Minsk World in Shenzhen, its current location. The park is open to the public.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minsk (ship, 1975).|
- "Project 1143". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Soviet Strategic Interests in Southeast Asia". Southeast Asian Affairs (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies): 36–37. 1984 – via JSTOR. (subscription required (. ))
- Acharya, Amitav (March 1988). "The United States Versus the USSR in the Pacific: Trends in the Military Balance". Contemporary Southeast Asia (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies) 9 (4): 287 – via JSTOR. (subscription required (. ))
- "Former Soviet aircraft carrier sold in China for $16mln". Sputnik International. 31 May 2006. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- Official website
- "Bids fall short for ex-Soviet aircraft carrier"
- MaritimeQuest Minsk pages
- Satellite Photo of Minsk in the military theme park in Shenzhen from Google Maps