Soviet cruiser Murmansk (1955)
The stranded Murmansk before being dismantled
|Career (Soviet Union
|Builder:||Zavod № 402, Severodvinsk|
|Launched:||24 April 1955|
|Commissioned:||22 September 1955|
|Fate:||Wrecked off Norway on 24 December 1994|
|Class and type:||Sverdlov-class cruiser|
|Displacement:||13,600 tons standard,
16,640 tons full load
|Length:||210 m (690 ft) overall
205 m (673 ft) waterline
|Beam:||22 m (72 ft)|
|Draught:||6.9 m (23 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft geared steam turbines, 6 boilers, 110,000 hp (82,000 kW)|
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph)|
|Range:||9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
She was laid down in Severodvinsk in 1953 and commissioned on 22 September 1955. Murmansk joined the 2nd Cruiser Division on the division's formation in 1956.
In 1994 Murmansk was sold to India for scrapping but ran aground off the Norwegian village of Sørvær during the transfer. It was first estimated that the winter storms would destroy the parts of Murmansk above the water, but in 2009 funding was allocated to pay for the dismantling of the vessel. Since the ship was in very bad state when the decision to remove it was done, there was no possibility to tow it. It had to be removed piece by piece. Scandinavia’s largest demolition contractor, AF Decom, constructed a massive breakwater and dry dock around Murmansk to access the shipwreck from land and demolish it where it rested. The dock around the wreck was sealed in April 2012. By mid-May the dock was almost empty of water and the demolishing of the cruiser began. The project was completed in 2013.
There is a dispute about possible radioactive substances within the ship.
- Karlsbakk, Jonas (16 May 2012). ""Murmansk" demolition in final phase". Barents Observer. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "AF Gruppen is removing the abandoned ship, Murmansk". AF Gruppen. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Johansen, Per Anders (1 August 2008). "Ny gjennomgang av miljøgiftene i Murmansk". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
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