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Soyuz (Cyrillic: "Союз") is Russian for "Union", and was often used as an abbreviation for the "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik) during the Communist era. The Soyuz spacecraft is now the main vehicle used in missions and crew transfers to and from the ISS since NASA retired the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. In English, the term is left untranslated in the names of several Soviet-related concepts. These include:

Other uses