Soyuz 38

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Soyuz 38
1980. Интеркосмос (2).jpg
Soviet postage stamp commemorating the Soyuz 38 mission
COSPAR ID 1980-075A
Mission duration 7 days, 20 hours, 43 minutes, 24 seconds
Orbits completed 124
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz 7K-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,800 kilograms (15,000 lb)
Crew size 2
Members Yuri Romanenko
Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Callsign Taimyr
Start of mission
Launch date September 18, 1980, 19:11:03 (1980-09-18UTC19:11:03Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date September 26, 1980, 15:54:27 (1980-09-26UTC15:54:28Z) UTC
Landing site 175 km SE of Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 199.7 kilometres (124.1 mi)
Apogee 273.5 kilometres (169.9 mi)
Inclination 51.63 degrees
Period 88.194 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6

Soyuz38 patch.png

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Soyuz 38 was a human spaceflight mission conducted by the Soviet Union during September, 1980.[1] The Soyuz spacecraft brought two visiting crew members to the Salyut 6 space station, one of whom was an Intercosmos cosmonaut from Cuba.


Position Crew
Commander Yuri Romanenko
Second spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
First spaceflight
Cuba Cuba

Backup crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Yevgeni Khrunov
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut José Armando López Falcón
Cuba Cuba

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6800 kg
  • Perigee: 199.7 km
  • Apogee: 273.5 km
  • Inclination: 51.63°
  • Period: 88.194 minutes

Mission highlights[edit]

12th expedition to Salyut 6. 7th international crew. Carried Intercosmos cosmonaut from Cuba. The Soyuz 38 docking occurred in darkness. As the spacecraft approached Salyut 6, the Dniepers could see only its “headlights.” Ryumin filmed ignition and operation of the transport’s main engine. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez of Cuba and Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko docked without incident.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The mission report is available here:

External links[edit]