|Mission duration||175 days, 2 hours, 51 minutes, 44 seconds|
|Launch mass||7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||October 2, 1991, 05:59:38UTC|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||March 25, 1992, 08:51:22UTC|
|Landing site||near Dzhezkazgan|
|Perigee||195 kilometres (121 mi)|
|Apogee||232 kilometres (144 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander||/ Alexander Volkov
Third and last spaceflight
|Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer||/ Toktar Aubakirov
|/ Sergei Krikalev
|Research Cosmonaut|| Franz Viehböck
| Klaus-Dietrich Flade
Soyuz-TM 13 carried commander Alexander Volkov along with Austrian cosmonaut-researcher Franz Viehböck and still Soviet-Kazakh cosmonaut-researcher Toktar Aubakirov. The flight was unusual for carrying no flight engineer. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Alexandr Volkov commanded. The Austrians paid $7 million to fly Viehböck to Mir, and the Kazakh cosmonaut flew partly in an effort to encourage Kazakhstan to continue to permit launchings from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The cosmonaut-researchers photographed their respective countries from orbit and conducted the usual range of materials processing and medical experiments. Artsebarsky and Viehböck returned to Earth in Soyuz TM-12, with Volkov remaining on board Mir for an extended mission.
The Soyuz spent a total of 175 days docked to the Mir space station.
The Soyuz returned from the Mir with Volkov along with cosmonauts Sergei Krikalev and Alexandr Volkov, aka "the last Citizens of the USSR", who had launched from the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR, and landed in the independent Republic of Kazakhstan.
Notes and references
- The mission report is available here: http://www.spacefacts.de/mission/english/soyuz-tm13.htm