|Mission type||Mir crew transport|
|Mission duration||182 days, 27 minutes, 1 second|
|Spacecraft||Soyuz 7K-STM No. 67|
|Launch mass||7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)|
|Crew size||3 up
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||January 8, 1994, 10:05:34UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||July 9, 1994, 10:32:35UTC|
|Landing site||110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Arkalyk|
|Perigee||384 kilometres (239 mi)|
|Apogee||390 kilometres (240 mi)|
|Epoch||7 February 1994390 kilometres (240 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Docking port||Kvant-1 aft|
|Docking date||10 January 1994, 11:50:20 UTC|
|Undocking date||9 July 1994, 07:12:59 UTC|
Soyuz TM-18 was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome and landed 112 km north of Arkalyk. TM-18 was a two-day solo flight that docked with the Mir space station on January 10, 1994. The three cosmonauts became the 15th resident crew onboard Mir. The crew did research work in space flight medicine, primarily by cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov during his long-term flight, and accomplished 25 different experiments.
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander|| Viktor Afanasyev
|Flight Engineer|| Yury Usachov
|Research Cosmonaut|| Valeri Polyakov
Second and last spaceflight
18th expedition to Mir.
Afanasyev and Usachev spent 179 days on Mir. Dr. Polyakov was slated to return to Earth on Soyuz-TM 20 in March 1995, after more than 420 days on Mir.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013.