Soyuz TM-29

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Soyuz TM-29
Operator Rosaviakosmos
COSPAR ID 1999-007A
Mission duration 188 days, 20 hours, 16 minutes, 19 seconds
Orbits completed ~3,070
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TM
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Launch mass 7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size 3
Members Viktor Afanasyev
Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Launching Ivan Bella
Landing Sergei Avdeyev
Callsign Дербе́нт (Derbent)
Start of mission
Launch date February 20, 1999, 04:18:01 (1999-02-20UTC04:18:01Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
End of mission
Landing date August 28, 1999, 00:34:20 (1999-08-28UTC00:34:21Z) UTC
Landing site 70 kilometres (43 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 188 kilometres (117 mi)
Apogee 273 kilometres (170 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.6 minutes
Docking with Mir

Soyuz TM-29 logo SVG.svg

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Soyuz TM-29 was a Russian manned spacecraft launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz 11A511U rocket. It docked with Mir on February 22 at 05:36 GMT with Cosmonauts Viktor Afanasyev of Russia, Jean-Pierre Haigneré of France, and Ivan Bella of Slovakia aboard. Since two crew seats had been sold (to Slovakia and France), Afanasyev was the only Russian cosmonaut aboard. This meant that Russian engineer Avdeyev already aboard Mir would have to accept a double-length assignment. After the February 27 departure of EO-26 crew commander Padalka and cosmonaut Bella aboard Soyuz TM-28, the new EO-27 Mir crew consisted of Afanasyev as Commander, Avdeyev as Engineer and French cosmonaut Haigneré.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Viktor Afanasyev
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer France Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Second and last spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer Slovakia Ivan Bella
Only spaceflight
Russia Sergei Avdeyev
Third and last spaceflight

Mission highlights[edit]

38th expedition to Mir.