Soyuz TM-34

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Soyuz TM-34
Soyuz TM-34 docked to the ISS.jpg
TM-34 docked to the ISS
COSPAR ID2002-020A
SATCAT no.27416
Mission duration198 days, 17 hours, 37 minutes, 45 seconds
Orbits completed~3,235
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-U
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Crew size3
LaunchingYuri Gidzenko
Roberto Vittori
Mark Shuttleworth
LandingSergei Zalyotin
Frank De Winne
Yury Lonchakov
Start of mission
Launch dateApril 25, 2002, 06:26:35 (2002-04-25UTC06:26:35Z) UTC
End of mission
Landing dateNovember 10, 2002, 00:04:20 (2002-11-10UTC00:04:21Z) UTC
Landing site80 kilometres (50 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude193 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee altitude247 kilometres (153 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.6 minutes
Docking with ISS
Docking portZarya nadir
Docking date27 April 2002
07:55 UTC
Undocking date9 November 2002
20:44 UTC
Time docked196d 12h 49m
Soyuz TM-34 logo.png Soyuz TM-34 crew 1.jpg
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz TM-34 was the fourth Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS).[1] Soyuz TM-34 was launched by a Soyuz-U launch vehicle.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Yuri Gidzenko, RKA
Third and last spaceflight
Russia Sergei Zalyotin, RKA
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer Italy Roberto Vittori, ESA
First spaceflight
Belgium Frank De Winne, ESA
First spaceflight
Spaceflight Participant/Flight Engineer South Africa Mark Shuttleworth, SA
Only spaceflight
Russia Yury Lonchakov, RKA
Second spaceflight

Docking with ISS[edit]

  • Docked to ISS: April 27, 2002, 07:55 UTC (to nadir port of Zarya)
  • Undocked from ISS: November 9, 2002, 20:44 UTC (from nadir port of Zarya)

Mission highlights[edit]

This was the 17th crewed mission to ISS.

Soyuz TM-34 was a Russian Soyuz TM passenger transportation craft that was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur at 06:26 UT on 25 April 2002. It carried two cosmonauts and a South African tourist, Mark Shuttleworth, to the International Space Station (ISS). Shuttleworth performed some biology experiments, as he carried a live rat and sheep stem cells. All three returned on Soyuz TM-33 after an eight-day mission.

Soyuz TM-34 was the final flight of the Soyuz-TM variant, due to its replacement by the upgraded Soyuz-TMA.[1] It was also the last crewed vehicle to launch atop the Soyuz-U rocket, although the Soyuz-U continued to launch uncrewed vehicles until 2017.


  1. ^ a b "Soyuz ISS Missions" (PDF). NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-02.