Soyuz TMA-16M

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Soyuz TMA-16M
ISS-43 Soyuz TMA 16M approaches the ISS (a).jpg
Soyuz TMA-16M approaches the ISS, 28 March 2015.
Operator Roskosmos
COSPAR ID 2015-016A
SATCAT no. 40542
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TMA 11F732A47 No.716
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Crew size 3
Members Gennady Padalka
Launching Mikhail Korniyenko
Scott Kelly
Landing Andreas Mogensen
Aydyn Aimbetov
Callsign Altair[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 27 March 2015
19:42:57 UTC[2]
Rocket Soyuz-FG
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date 12 September 2015
00:51 UTC
Landing site Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Docking with ISS
Docking port Poisk zenith, later Zvezda aft
Docking date 28 March 2015
01:33 UTC
Undocking date 11 September 2015
21:29 UTC
Time docked 167 days, 19 hours, 56 minutes


Expedition 43 Preflight (201503150011HQ).jpg
(l-r) Kelly, Padalka and Kornienko
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Soyuz TMA-16M was a 2015 flight to the International Space Station.[3] It transported three members of the Expedition 43 crew to the Station. TMA-16M was the 125th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, the first having launched in 1967.

Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko performed the first one-year stay at the Space Station,[3] returning in Soyuz TMA-18M.


Position[4] Launching Crew Member Landing Crew Member
Commander Russia Gennady Padalka, RSA
Expedition 43
Fifth and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Mikhail Korniyenko, RSA
Expedition 43
Second and last spaceflight
Denmark Andreas Mogensen, ESA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2 United States Scott Kelly, NASA
Expedition 43
Fourth and last spaceflight
Kazakhstan Aidyn Aimbetov[6], KazCosmos
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position[7] Crew Member
Commander Russia Aleksey Ovchinin, RSA
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Sergey Volkov, RSA
Flight Engineer 2 United States Jeffrey Williams, NASA

Mission highlights[edit]

Launch, rendezvous and docking[edit]

Soyuz TMA-16M was launched successfully aboard a Soyuz-FG rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 19:42 UTC on Friday, 27 March 2015. The spacecraft reached low Earth orbit approximately nine minutes after lift-off. After executing rendezvous maneuvers, the Soyuz docked with the zenith port of the International Space Station's Poisk module approximately six hours after launch, at 01:33 UTC on 28 March. The docking occurred over Colombia.[8][9]

Soyuz TMA-16M remained docked to the ISS—serving as an emergency escape vehicle–until September 12, 2015, when it departed and returned Padalka, Andreas Mogensen and Aydyn Aimbetov to Earth.[6] This vehicle was previously scheduled to carry Sarah Brightman as a space tourist, but Brightman's flight was announced to be cancelled in May 2015.[10]

Relocation maneuver[edit]

Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft was relocated from Poisk module to the orbiting laboratory’s Zvezda module service module on 28 August 2015.[11] This cleared the Poisk module for the arrival of Soyuz TMA-18M.

Undocking and return to Earth[edit]

Soyuz TMA-16M undocked from the ISS at 21:29 UTC on 11 September 2015, containing Gennady Padalka of Roscosmos and visiting crew members Andreas Mogensen of ESA (European Space Agency) and Aidyn Aimbetov of the Kazakh Space Agency. Following a deorbit burn, the Soyuz spacecraft's descent module reentered the Earth's atmosphere. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 00:51 UTC on 12 September 2015, just over three hours after departing the ISS.[12]



  1. ^ Soyuz TMA-16M mission updates Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. Spaceflight101, 28 march 2015
  2. ^ Clark, Stephen. "Live coverage: Crew ready to begin record-setting space mission". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b NASA, Roscosmos Assign Veteran Crew to Yearlong Space Station Mission NASA, 2012-11-26.
  4. ^ Планируемые полёты (in Russian). Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  5. ^ Agencia Espacial Europea. "Andreas Mogensen's mission name links cosmos and Earth". Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b TASS (22 June 2015). "Kazakhstani cosmonaut to fly to ISS in September in place of British singer Brightman". 
  7. ^ (2013). "Орбитальные полёты". 
  8. ^ "Soyuz TMA-16M kicks off historic one year expedition". Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "One Year Crew Arrives at Station". NASA. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Brightman steps down from station flight". Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Soyuz Relocation". NASA. Retrieved 29 Aug 2015. 
  12. ^ "Soyuz Return to Earth". NASA. Retrieved 11 Sep 2015.