Spézet

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Spézet
Speied
Commune
The town hall in Spézet
The town hall in Spézet
Coat of arms of Spézet
Coat of arms
Spézet is located in France
Spézet
Spézet
Location within Brittany region
Spézet is located in Brittany
Spézet
Spézet
Coordinates: 48°11′34″N 3°42′55″W / 48.1928°N 3.7153°W / 48.1928; -3.7153Coordinates: 48°11′34″N 3°42′55″W / 48.1928°N 3.7153°W / 48.1928; -3.7153
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Châteaulin
Canton Carhaix-Plouguer
Intercommunality Haute Cornouaille
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gilbert Nigen
Area1 60.67 km2 (23.42 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,844
 • Density 30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 29278 /29540
Elevation 45–315 m (148–1,033 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Spézet (Breton: Speied) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Geography[edit]

Spézet is a rural municipality in east central Finistère, historically belonging to Cornwall. It is bounded on the west and north by the river the Aulne and Hyères describing large meanders (Nantes-Brest Canal-channel) while at the southeast end of its territory lies Roc'h Toullaëron, which from its height of 318 m is the culmination of the Black Mountains. The village occupies a small hill whose altitude is around 100 meters northwest of the town. The neighboring towns are named St. Hernin (east), Gourin (southeast), Roudouallec (south), St. Goazec (southwest), Châteauneuf-du-Faou (west), Plonévez-du-Faou (northeast) Landeleau and west and north Cléden-Poher.

History[edit]

During the Revolt of the Bonnets Rouges ("Red Caps") in 1675, the parishioners involved in the ransacking of the Kergoet castle in Saint-Hernin, owned by the Marquis Le Moyne de Trevigny. The parish is to pay 5000 livres as damages and repairs to the said Marquis for the injury. Four residents of the parish were excluded from the amnesty of 1676.

In 1770, according to Jean-Baptiste Ogée, the parish lands were uncultivated in many parts, especially in the mountains where the soil, poor quality, did not allow residents to take advantage of it. The land was actually good in the north of the parish.

In September and October 1779, an outbreak of dysentery caused about 150 victims in Spézet. Bodies had to be buried without entering the church for fear of contagion, under penalty of a fine of 20 livres.

June 24, 1944, ten resistants arrested in Spézet were shot in Lanvénégen after being sentenced to death by the German military court sitting in Le Faouët.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Spézet are called in French Spézetois.

Historical population of Spézet
Year1793180018061821183118361841184618511856
Population2531255927032987263127932797278229582933
Year1861186618721876188118861891189619011906
Population2922299027352960298730603166359037013899
Year1911192119261931193619461954196219681975
Population4095399739133736366233452871255522992165
Year1982199019992008
Population2076203818611844

Sights and monuments[edit]

  • Jardin botanique des Montagnes Noires
  • Manoir de Menez Kamm (where lived the adventurer and reporter, the Countess Vefa de Saint-Pierre) ;
  • Manoir du Bois Garin ;
  • Église paroissiale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, consacrée en 17198 et son ossuaire ;
  • Chapelle du Krann (vitraux du XVIe siècle et bas-reliefs) et son ossuaire ;
  • Panorama du roc de Toull al Laëron ;
  • Éperon rocheux de Kudel ;
  • Alignement des menhirs du "Bois du Duc" ;
  • Allée couverte de Kerbasquet

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]