SpaceX CRS-6

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SpaceX CRS-6
CRS-6 Dragon from ISS (ISS043-E-122200).jpg
The CRS-6 SpaceX Dragon spacecraft as seen from the ISS on April 17, 2015
Mission type ISS resupply
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 2015-021A
SATCAT № 40588
Mission duration Planned: 1 month
Elapsed: 36 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Dragon
Manufacturer SpaceX
Start of mission
Launch date 14 April 2015, 20:10:41 UTC (2015-04-14UTC20:10:41Z)
Rocket Falcon 9 v1.1
Launch site Cape Canaveral SLC-40
Contractor SpaceX
End of mission
Disposal Recovered
Landing date 21 May 2015, 16:42 (2015-05-21UTC16:43Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 395.6 kilometres (245.8 mi)[1]
Apogee 403.7 kilometres (250.8 mi)[1]
Inclination 51.65 degrees[1]
Period 92.55 minutes[1]
Epoch 19 April 2015, 13:55:49 UTC[1]
Berthing at ISS
Berthing port Harmony nadir
RMS capture 17 April 2015, 10:55 UTC
Berthing date 17 April 2015, 13:29 UTC
Unberthing date 21 May 2015, 09:29 UTC
RMS release 21 May 2015, 11:04 UTC
Time berthed 33 days, 20 hours, 0 minutes

SpaceX-CRS-6-patch.jpg


Commercial Resupply Services
← SpaceX CRS-5 SpaceX CRS-7

SpaceX CRS-6, also known as SpX-6, was a cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station, contracted to NASA. It was the eighth flight for SpaceX's uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft and the sixth SpaceX operational mission contracted to NASA under a Commercial Resupply Services contract. It was docked to the International Space Station from 17 April to 21 May 2015.

Launch history[edit]

As of July 2014, the launch was tentatively scheduled by NASA for February 2015, with berthing to the station occurring two days later. However, as a result of delays in the launch of the previous SpaceX CRS-5 mission, CRS-6 launched on April 14, 2015. In late March 2015, the launch was tentatively scheduled for April 13, 2015,[2] but was later postponed to April 14, 2015 due to weather conditions.[3]

Falcon 9 and Dragon undergoing preparations in Florida in advance of launch to the International Space Station.

A Federal Communications Commission application submitted for temporary communication frequency authority notes the launch planning date as no earlier than April 8, 2015. The application also confirms communication uplinks for use with the first stage of this mission as it conducts another attempt at a first-ever propulsive landing on the Autonomous spaceport drone ship after staging.[4]

Launch of the Falcon 9 v1.1 rocket carrying the CRS-6 Dragon spacecraft on April 14, 2015

Payload[edit]

Primary payload[edit]

NASA has contracted for the CRS-6 mission from SpaceX and therefore determines the primary payload, date/time of launch, and orbital parameters for the Dragon space capsule. The Dragon spacecraft was filled with 2015 kg (4,387 pounds) of supplies and payloads, including critical materials to directly support about 40 of the more than 250 science and research investigations that will occur during Expeditions 43 and 44.[5]

Among other items on board,

Secondary payload[edit]

SpaceX has the primary control over manifesting, scheduling and loading secondary payloads. However, there are certain restrictions included in their contract with NASA that preclude specified hazards on the secondary payloads, and also require contract-specified probabilities of success and safety margins for any SpaceX reboosts of the secondary satellites once the Falcon 9 second stage has achieved its initial low-Earth orbit (LEO).

CRS-6 included science payloads for studying new ways to possibly counteract the microgravity-induced cell damage seen during spaceflight, the effects of microgravity on the most common cells in bones, gather new insight that could lead to treatments for osteoporosis and muscle wasting conditions, continue studies into astronaut vision changes and test a new material that could one day be used as a synthetic muscle for robotics explorers of the future. Also making the trip will be a new espresso machine for space station crews.[10]

A part of this payload includes science experiments from high schools, such as a project from Ambassador High School in Torrance, California.[11]

Post-launch flight test[edit]

Falcon 9 first stage approaches the drone ship. The stage makes a hard landing followed by a tip-over.
Falcon 9 first stage attempts landing on ASDS after second stage with CRS-6 continued onto orbit. Landing legs are in the midst of deploying.

After the separation of the second stage, SpaceX conducted a flight test and attempted to return the nearly-empty first stage of the Falcon 9 through the atmosphere and land it on a 90-by-50-meter (300 ft × 160 ft) floating platform called the autonomous spaceport drone ship. The unmanned rocket technically landed on the floating platform, however it came down with too much lateral velocity, tipped over, and was destroyed.[12] Elon Musk later explained that the bipropellant valve was stuck, and therefore the control system could not react rapidly enough for a successful landing.[13]

This was SpaceX's second attempt to land the booster on a floating platform after an earlier test landing attempt in January 2015 had to be abandoned due to weather conditions. The booster was fitted with a variety of technologies to facilitate the flight test, including grid fins and landing legs to facilitate the post-mission test. If successful, this would have been the first time in history that a rocket booster was returned to a vertical landing.[9][14]

On 15 April, SpaceX released a video of the terminal phase of the descent, the landing, the tip over, and a small deflagration as the stage broke up on the deck of the ASDS.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "DRAGON CRS6 Satellite details 2015-021A NORAD 40588". N2YO. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Launch Schedule". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Lawler, Richard. "SpaceX's next try at landing a reusable rocket is minutes away (update: not today)". Engadget.com. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "OET Special Temporary Authority Report". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "SpaceX CRS-6 Sixth Commercial Resupply Services Flight to the International Space Station (SpaceX CRS-6)" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "ARKYD: A Space Telescope for Everyone". Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  7. ^ Wilhelm, Steve (2014-10-16). "First step toward asteroid mining: Planetary Resources set to launch test satellite". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  8. ^ "Antares 130 debut with fourth Cygnus ready for second attempt". Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Graham, William (13 April 2015). "SpaceX Falcon 9 scrubs CRS-6 Dragon launch due to weather". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "SpaceX CRS-6 Sixth Commercial Resupply Services Flight to the International Space Station (SpaceX CRS-6)" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "NanoRacks-Ambassador High School-Pollen Propulsion in a Microgravity Environment (NanoRacks-AHS-Pollen Propulsion) - 03.04.15". NASA. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "CRS-6 First Stage Landing". video. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Elon Musk on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Bergin, Chris (2015-04-03). "SpaceX preparing for a busy season of missions and test milestones". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  15. ^ CRS-6 First Stage Landing, SpaceX, 15 April 2015.

External links[edit]