SpaceX CRS-7

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SpaceX CRS-7
SpaceX CRS-7 launch failure.jpg
Disintegration of the SpaceX CRS-7 launch vehicle approximately two minutes after liftoff as seen from a NASA tracking camera.
Mission type ISS resupply
Operator NASA
Mission duration 2 minutes 19 seconds
(1 month planned)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Dragon
Manufacturer SpaceX
Start of mission
Launch date June 28, 2015, 14:21:11 UTC
Rocket Falcon 9 v1.1
Launch site Cape Canaveral SLC-40
Contractor SpaceX
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Epoch Planned
Berthing at ISS
Berthing port Harmony nadir

CRS-7 Official Mission Patch.png


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SpaceX CRS-7 was a private American rocket cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station, contracted to NASA, which launched and failed on June 28, 2015. It disintegrated 139 seconds into the flight after launch from Cape Canaveral, just before the first stage was to separate from the second stage.[1] It was the ninth flight for SpaceX's uncrewed Dragon cargo spacecraft and the seventh SpaceX operational mission contracted to NASA under a Commercial Resupply Services contract. The vehicle launched on a Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle. It was the nineteenth overall flight for the Falcon 9 and the fourteenth flight for the substantially upgraded Falcon 9 v1.1.

Launch history[edit]

SpaceX CRS-7 prior to launch

In January 2015, the launch was tentatively scheduled by NASA for no earlier than June 13, 2015. This was adjusted to June 22, 2015, then moved forward to June 19, 2015 and adjusted again to June 26, 2015.[2] Subsequently, the launch had been rescheduled to June 28, 2015 at 14:21:11 UTC, from Cape Canaveral LC-40.[3] The launch was scheduled to be the third controlled-descent and landing test for the Falcon 9's first stage. It would have attempted to land on a new autonomous drone ship named Of Course I Still Love You – named after a ship in the novel The Player of Games by Iain M. Banks.[4] The spacecraft was planned to stay in orbit for five weeks before returning to Earth with approximately 1,400 pounds (640 kg) of supplies and waste.[4]

Payload[edit]

Primary payload[edit]

NASA contracted for the CRS-7 mission from SpaceX and therefore determined the primary payload, date/time of launch, and orbital parameters for the Dragon space capsule.

As of July 2013, the first International Docking Adapter, IDA-1, was scheduled to be delivered to the International Space Station on CRS-7.[5] This adapter would have been attached to one of the existing Pressurized Mating Adapters (specifically, PMA-2 or PMA-3) and convert the existing APAS-95 docking interface to the new NASA Docking System (NDS).[6][7] The new adapter is intended to facilitate future docking of new U.S. human-transport spacecraft. Previous United States cargo missions since the retirement of the Space Shuttle have been berthed, rather than docked, while docking is considered the safer and preferred method for spacecraft carrying humans.

Detailed payload manifest[edit]

A full listing of the cargo aboard the failed mission included the following items:[8]

  • Crew Supplies — 690 kilograms (1,520 lb)
    • 92 Food Bulk Overwrap Bags, 2 Bonus Food Kits, 2 Fresh Food Kits
    • Crew Provisions, Crew Care, Operations data file
  • Utilization — 573 kilograms (1,263 lb)
    • Canadian Space Agency: Vascular Echo Exercise Band
    • European Space Agency: Circadian Rhythms, KUBIK EBOXes, Interface Plate, EPO Peake, BioLab, Spheroids, EMCS RBLSS, Airway Mon., LiOH Cartridge
    • Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency: Atomization, Biological Rhythms, Multi-omics, Cell Mechanosensing 3, Plant Gravity Sensing 3, SAIBO L&M, Space Pup, Stem Cells, MSPR LM, Group Combustion Camera
    • US: 2 Polars, 6 DCBs and Ice Bricks, 1 MERLIN, FCF/HRF Resupply, HRP Resupply [Kits, MCT, Microbiome, Twin Studies], IMAX Camera, Meteor, Micro-9, MSG Resupply, NanoRacks Modules & 0.5 NRCSD #7, Universal Battery Charger, Veg-03, Microbial Observatory-1, Microchannel Diffusion Experiment, Wetlab RNA Smartcycler, SCK, Story Time, MELFI TDR Batteries
  • Computer Resources — 36 kilograms (79 lb)
    • Projector Screen, Sidekick, OCT Laptop & Power Supply, 32GB MicroSD Cards, Generic USB Cables, Power Modules and Card Readers, Preloaded T61p Hard Drives, CD Stowage Container, Network Attached Storage Devices, XF305 Camcorders, RS-422 Adapter Cables
  • Vehicle Hardware — 462 kilograms (1,019 lb)
    • CHECS CMS: HRM Watches, Bench Lock Studs, Glenn Harness for Kelly, Kopra and Peake
    • CHECS EHS: CO2 Monitoring Assemblies, Filter Assemblies, CSA-CP/CDM Battery Assemblies, SIECE Cartridge Assemblies, Water Kit, Petri Dish Packets
    • CHECS HMS: IMAKs, Oral Med Packs
    • C&T: C2V2 Communications Unit (and HTV-5 Unit Data Converter)
    • ECLSS: 3 Pretreat Tanks, Filter Inserts, 9 KTOs, UPA FCPA, CDRS ASV, IMV Valve, Wring Collector, Water Sampling Kits, OGS ACTEX Filter, ARFTA Brine Filter Assemblies, O2/N2 Pressure Sensor, NORS O2 Tank, **3 PBA Assemblies, 2 MF Beds, 2 Urine Receptacles, Toilet Paper Packages, H2 Sensor, Ammonia Cartridge Bag, PTU XFER Hose
    • EPS: 2 Avionics Restart Cables
    • Makita Drill, PWD Filter, N3 Bulkhead Connectors, Yellow/Red Adapters, IWIS Plates, 6.0 & 4.0 Waste Xfer Bags, BEAM Ground Straps, JEM Stowage Wire Kit
  • EVA Hardware — 167 kilograms (368 lb)
    • SEMU, REBA, EMU Ion Filters (4), Equipment Tethers, Gas Grap, EMU Mirrors, Crew Lock Bags, SEMU arms/legs
    • Lindgren/Yui ECOKs & CCAs, Lindgren LCVG
    • Kelly LCVG, Padalka EMU Gloves
  • Russian Cargo
    • Russian Segment Torque Wrench
  • Unpressurized Cargo — 526 kilograms (1,160 lb)

The mission would have transported more than 4,000 pounds (1,800 kg) of supplies and experiments to the International Space Station including the Meteor Composition Determination investigation which would have observed meteors entering the Earth's atmosphere by taking high resolution photos and videos. The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space had arranged for it to carry more than 30 student research projects to the station including experiments dealing with pollination in microgravity as well as an experiment to evaluate a sunlight blocking form of plastic.[4]

CRS-7 would have brought a pair of modified Microsoft HoloLenses to the International Space Station as part of Project Sidekick.[9][10]

Launch failure[edit]

Performance was nominal until T+140 seconds into launch when a cloud of white vapor appeared, followed by rapid loss of 2nd stage LOX tank pressure. The booster continued on its trajectory until complete vehicle breakup at T+150 seconds. The Dragon CRS-7 capsule was ejected from the exploding launch vehicle and continued transmitting data until impact with the ocean. SpaceX officials stated that it could have been recovered if the parachutes deployed, however the software in the capsule did not include any provisions for parachute deployment in this situation. Subsequent investigation traced the accident to the failure of a strut which secured a helium bottle inside the 2nd stage LOX tank. With the helium pressurization system integrity breached, excess helium quickly flooded the LOX tank, causing it to overpressurize and burst.[11].

Planned post-launch flight test[edit]

After the second stage separation, SpaceX planned to conduct a flight test and attempt to return the Falcon 9's nearly-empty first stage through the atmosphere and land it on a 90-by-50-meter (300 ft × 160 ft) floating platform barge.[12] SpaceX calls the barge an autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS), and this particular mission's ASDS was named Of Course I Still Love You.[4][12]

This would have been SpaceX's third attempt to land the booster on a floating platform after earlier tests in January 2015 and April 2015 were not successful. The boosters were fitted with a variety of technologies to facilitate the flight test, including grid fins and landing legs to facilitate the post-mission test.[12][13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unmanned SpaceX rocket explodes after Florida launch". BBC News. June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ ""Worldwide Launch Schedule"". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  3. ^ "NASA Opens Media Accreditation for Next SpaceX Station Resupply Launch". NASA. May 20, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d Speck, Emilee (June 25, 2015). "SpaceX resupply launch, barge landing attempt set for Sunday". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Status of Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEO)" (PDF). NASA. July 29, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ Hartman, Dan (July 23, 2012). "International Space Station Program Status" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ Lupo, Chris (June 14, 2010). "NDS Configuration and RequirementsChanges since Nov 2010" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  8. ^ "SpaceX failure adds another kink in station supply chain". SpaceflightNow. 
  9. ^ Alfano, Andrea (June 25, 2015). "HoloLens Is Going To Space As Sidekick In A Joint Project By NASA And Microsoft". Tech Times. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  10. ^ Bass, Dina (June 25, 2015). "NASA to Use HoloLens on Space Station". Bloomberg. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  11. ^ "CRS-7 Investigation Update". SpaceX. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c Gebhardt, Chris; Bergin, Chris (June 24, 2015). "World launch markets look toward rocket reusability". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  13. ^ Bergin, Chris (April 3, 2015). "SpaceX preparing for a busy season of missions and test milestones". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ Graham, William (April 13, 2015). "SpaceX Falcon 9 scrubs CRS-6 Dragon launch due to weather". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 

External links[edit]