|Single by David Bowie|
|from the album David Bowie|
|B-side||"Wild Eyed Boy from Freecloud" (1969 7")|
|Released||11 July 1969|
|Recorded||20 June 1969 at Trident Studios
|David Bowie singles chronology|
The song is about the launch of Major Tom, a fictional astronaut, and was released during a period of great interest in space flight. The United States' Apollo 11 mission would launch five days later, and would become the first manned moon landing another five days later. The lyrics have also been seen to lampoon the British space programme, which had only launched rockets at that time and has never attempted a moon landing.
Besides its title, which alludes to the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, the introduction to the song is a barely audible instrumental build-up that is analogous to the deep bass tone in Also sprach Zarathustra that is prominently used in the film.
"Space Oddity" was David Bowie's first UK top 5 hit, and was awarded the 1969 Ivor Novello Award, together with Peter Sarstedt's "Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)?". It became one of Bowie's signature songs, and his second album, originally released as David Bowie in the UK, was renamed after the track for its 1972 re-release by RCA Records, and became known by this name. In 1975, upon re-release as part of a maxi-single, the song was Bowie's first UK No. 1 single.
Bowie would later revisit his Major Tom character in the songs "Ashes to Ashes", "Hallo Spaceboy" and the music video for "Blackstar". German singer Peter Schilling's 1983 hit "Major Tom (Coming Home)" is written as a retelling of the song. In 2013, the song gained renewed popularity after it was covered by Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield, who performed the song while aboard the International Space Station, and therefore became the first music video shot in space.
In January 2016, the song gained new popularity following Bowie's death, and re-charted in singles charts around the world, reaching a new peak of number 1 on the French Singles Chart, Bowie's first number one single in the country. The song also ranked as third on iTunes on January 12, 2016.
The song is included in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
Recording and release
Three primary studio versions of "Space Oddity" exist: an early version recorded in February 1969, the album version recorded that June (edited for release as a single), and a 1979 re-recording. Additionally there are demo recordings and an Italian version of the song,
The early version of "Space Oddity" was recorded on 2 February 1969 for Bowie's promotional film Love You Till Tuesday. This recording became commercially available in 1984, on a belated VHS release of the film and accompanying soundtrack album. It also appeared on the compilation album The Deram Anthology 1966–1968.
In June 1969, after Bowie's split from record label Deram, his manager, Kenneth Pitt, negotiated a one-album deal (with options for a further one or two albums) with Mercury Records and its UK subsidiary, Philips. Mercury executives had heard an audition tape that included a demo of "Space Oddity," recorded by Bowie and his then musical partner John Hutchinson in spring 1969. Next Bowie tried to find a producer. George Martin turned the project down, while Tony Visconti liked the album demo-tracks, but considered the planned lead-off single, "Space Oddity", a 'cheap shot' at the impending Apollo 11 space mission. Visconti decided to delegate its production to Gus Dudgeon.
The album version of "Space Oddity" was recorded at Trident Studios on 20 June 1969 (with overdubs a few days later) and used the in-house session player Rick Wakeman (Mellotron), who was later to achieve fame with the progressive rock band Yes, as well as Mick Wayne (guitar), Herbie Flowers (bass), and Terry Cox (drums). Differing edits of the album version were released as singles in the UK and US.
The song was promoted in advertisements for the Stylophone, played by Bowie on the record and heard in the background during the opening verse. The single was not played by the BBC until after the Apollo 11 crew had safely returned; after this slow start, the song reached No. 5 in the UK Singles Chart. In the US, it stalled at 124.
Upon its re-release as a single in 1973, the song reached No. 15 on the Billboard Chart and became Bowie's first hit single in the United States; in Canada, it reached No. 16. This was then used to support RCA's 1975 UK reissue, which gave Bowie his first No. 1 single in the UK Singles Chart in November that year. It spent two weeks at the top of that chart.
Bowie recorded a stripped-down, acoustic version in late 1979, which was issued in February 1980 as the B-side of "Alabama Song". The 1979 recording was rereleased in 1992 on the Rykodisc reissue of Bowie's Scary Monsters (And Super Creeps) album.
The B-side of the original single, "Wild Eyed Boy from Freecloud", first appeared on CD on 1989's Sound + Vision. This compilation also included, as its opening track, the spring 1969 demo of "Space Oddity" featuring Bowie and Hutchinson. (An earlier Bowie/Hutchinson demo appears on the 2009 two-CD special edition of the album David Bowie.)
On 20 July 2009, the single was reissued on a digital EP that featured four previously released versions of the song and stems that allow listeners to remix the song. This release coincided with the 40th anniversary of the song and the Apollo 11 moon landing.
|Rock and Roll Hall of Fame||United States||"The Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll"||2004||*|
|NME||United Kingdom||"Greatest No1 Singles In History"||2012||26|
|Channel 4 and The Guardian||United Kingdom||"The Top 100 British Number 1 Singles"||1997||27|
(*) designates unordered lists.
|This section does not cite any sources. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Bowie played the song for the BBC's Johnny Walker Lunchtime Show on 22 May 1972. This was broadcast in early June 1972 and eventually released on Bowie at the Beeb in 2000.
- A version recorded at Santa Monica Civic Auditorium on 20 October 1972 was first released on Santa Monica '72, before becoming officially available in 2008 on Live Santa Monica '72.
- A live performance recorded at the Hammersmith Odeon, London, on 3 July 1973 was released on Ziggy Stardust - The Motion Picture in 1983.
- A July 1974 live performance was released on the 2005 reissue of David Live.
- A live performance filmed on 12 September 1983 is included in the concert film Serious Moonlight.
The February 1969 version of the song appeared in the film Love You till Tuesday.
In December 1972, Mick Rock shot a video of Bowie miming to the June 1969 recording of the song, during the sessions for Aladdin Sane. The resulting music video was used to promote the 1973 US reissue of the Space Oddity single on RCA.
A promotional video of the 1979 version debuted in the UK on Kenny Everett's New Year's Eve Show on 31 December 1979. A music video made the following year for "Ashes to Ashes" used many of the same sets, solidifying the connection between the two songs. (Both videos were directed by Bowie and David Mallet.)
All songs written by David Bowie.
Credits apply to the 1969 original release:
- David Bowie – vocals, acoustic guitar, Stylophone
- Mick Wayne – lead guitar
- Herbie Flowers – bass guitar
- Terry Cox – drums
- Paul Buckmaster – string arrangement
- Tony Visconti – flutes, woodwinds
- Rick Wakeman – Mellotron
- Gus Dudgeon – record production
Charts and certifications
Cover versions and samples
In May 2013, Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield, commander of Expedition 35 to the International Space Station, recorded a video of the song on the space station which went viral and generated a great deal of media exposure. The lyrics were somewhat altered; the ending was replaced with Major Tom getting his orders to land and doing so safely, reflecting Hadfield's imminent return from his final mission on the Station. Hadfield announced the video on his Twitter account, writing, "With deference to the genius of David Bowie, here's Space Oddity, recorded on Station. A last glimpse of the World." Bowie was also thanked in the ending credits. This was the first music video ever shot in space. Bowie responded to the video, tweeting back to Hadfield, "Hallo Spaceboy..." and would later call the cover "possibly the most poignant version of the song ever created". The video has had over 31,000,000 views on YouTube. The performance was the subject of a piece by Glenn Fleishman in The Economist on 22 May 2013 analyzing the legal implications of publicly performing a copyrighted work of music while in earth orbit. The song is the only one of Bowie's for which Bowie did not own the copyright. Bowie's publisher granted Hadfield a license to the song for only one year. Due to the expiry of the one year licence, the official video was taken offline on 13 May 2014, despite Bowie's explicit wishes that the publisher grant Hadfield a license at no charge to record the song and produce the video. Following a period of negotiations, the video was restored to YouTube on 2 November 2014 with a two-year licence agreement in place.
Elton John included some fragments of the song in an extended piano improvisation played, appropriately, as an intro to his own song "Rocket Man", during a show at the Wiltern Theatre in Los Angeles on 13 January 2016, three days after Bowie's death. Before launching into the improvisation, John dedicated it to Bowie.
A version of the song was recorded with vocals from actress Kristen Wiig for the film The Secret Life of Walter Mitty. There is a scene where Mitty, played by Ben Stiller, imagines Wiig's character is singing the song to him, inspiring him to take action. The song, with Bowie's and Wiig's vocals, is also included on the official soundtrack.
Lana Del Rey's "Terrence Loves You" includes an interpolation of the lyrics of Space Oddity, sampling the phrase "ground control to Major Tom" in the third verse and referencing it throughout the song.
Phish performed an a cappella version in Chicago on June 24, 2016 at Wrigley Field during the encore, and also in Mansfield, MA on July 8,2016.
- In an episode of the Nickelodeon cartoon, Rugrats, Tommy pretends he is on the moon with his friends. As he is about to blast off in an imaginative spaceship, he is heard saying, "This is Major Tom to Ground Control.".
- The song is featured in two episodes of the American TV series Friends. In the season 5 episode "The One Where Ross Can't Flirt" in which the character Chandler sings part of the song. In the season 6 episode "The One After Vegas" the character Joey sings part of the song.
- The film The Mother (2003) also has the song in its soundtrack, as do the Spanish sci-fi film Eva (2011) and French drama film Bird People (2014).
- The song is used in Ben Stiller's 2013 The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, featuring an older David Bowie. In an interview, director Ben Stiller talked about the importance of Space Oddity to the film's plotline, "I felt like the way it fits into the story, we got to this point and this scene which was sort of how the fantasy and reality come together for Walter, and that was what that came out of. That song, and what he mentioned in his head, and what he imagines and what he does, it all just seemed to come together over that song."
- The song is used in Adam Sandler's Mr. Deeds. The characters Longfellow Deeds and Cecil Anderson sing the song a capella on a plane.
- This song plays over the end credits of Remedy Entertainment's 2010 video game Alan Wake.
- The song was covered by Keith Murrell in the 2009 animated film Planet 51.
- The song was covered by Lady Heroine and was featured in the upcoming 2016 First-person shooter "Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare".
- "Ashes to Ashes" (David Bowie song)
- "Hallo Spaceboy"
- "Blackstar" (David Bowie song)
- "Major Tom (Coming Home)"
- "Rocket Man" (song)
- Bahrampour, Tara. "David Bowie dies at 69; mesmerizing performer and restless innovator". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-14.
- David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination – David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.49–50
- Promoted as RCA Maximillion Series, 3 Tracks For The Price of 2 (RCA 2593). The tracks were "Space Oddity", "Changes" and "Velvet Goldmine" (RCA 2593).
- Steffen Hung. "David Bowie – Space Oddity". lescharts.com. Retrieved 2016-02-14.
- Kevin Cann (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974: pp.147, 145
- Peter & Leni Gillman (1986). Alias David Bowie: a biography: p. 172
- Life on Two Legs – Biography by Norman Sheffield
- Kevin Cann (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974: pp.153–154, 155
- "Bowie @ The Beeb | Arts and Entertainment | BBC World Service". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- "Item Display – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. pp. 319–20. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Chris O'Leary (2015). Rebel Rebel: pp. 99, 107
- "500 Songs That Shaped Rock". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- . NME http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/nme_singles.htm#NoOnes. Retrieved 15 February 2016. Missing or empty
- . Channel 4 and The Guardian 1 http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/channel4.htm#Number 1 Check
|url=value (help). Retrieved 16 February 2016. Missing or empty
- ""Space Oddity" December 1972". The ZIGGY STARDUST Companion. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- "David Bowie And Kenny Everett’s Space Oddity". Mojo. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- "Australian-charts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Austriancharts.at – David Bowie – Space Oddity" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Ultratop.be – David Bowie – Space Oddity" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Lescharts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Musicline.de – David Bowie Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Space Oddity". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Italiancharts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Chart history" Japan Hot 100 for David Bowie. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – David Bowie – Space Oddity" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Charts.org.nz – David Bowie – Space Oddity". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Spanishcharts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Swedishcharts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Swisscharts.com – David Bowie – Space Oddity". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "David Bowie: Artist Chart History" Official Charts Company. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for David Bowie. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Hot Rock Songs for David Bowie. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Italian single certifications – David Bowie – Space Oddity" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 31 January 2015. Select Online in the field Sezione. Enter David Bowie in the field Filtra. Select 2015 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
- "British single certifications – David Bowie – Space Oddity". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 17 June 2016. Enter Space Oddity in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- Knapp, Alex (13 May 2013). "Astronaut Chris Hadfield Sings David Bowie As He Departs The International Space Station". Forbes. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Space Oddity". YouTube. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- Davis, Lauren (12 May 2013). "Chris Hadfield sings "Space Oddity" in the first music video in space". Gawker Media. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Fleishman, Glenn (22 May 2013). "How does copyright work in space?". The Economist. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Apology to David Bowie". Ottawa Citizen. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Bowie's last day – we had permission for a year, so our Space Oddity video comes down today. One last look:". Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Space Oddity". chrishadfield.ca. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Elton John cranks up hype machine at the Wiltern", Los Angeles Times, 14 January 2016
- Elton John's improvised intro to "Rocket Man", including fragments of "Space Oddity"
- James Christopher Monger. "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] – Original Soundtrack | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- "LANA DEL REY LYRICS – Terrence Loves You". www.azlyrics.com. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
- by Steve 'Frosty' Weintraub (2013-04-21). "Ben Stiller and Kristen Wiig Talk THE SECRET LIFE OF WALTER MITTY". Collider. Retrieved 2016-02-14.
- Was "Major Tom" the astronaut a real person? from The Straight Dope
- Video from Love you Till Tuesday featuring the pre-single version of the song
- Video from German music TV show MusicLaden recorded in 1969. Single version of the song
- The video of Astronaut Chris Hadfield's version of the song
- Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
"I Only Have Eyes For You" by Art Garfunkel
|UK number-one single
8 November 1975 (two weeks)
"D.I.V.O.R.C.E." by Billy Connolly