Spaceflight Meteorology Group

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The Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) is a U.S. weather forecasting unit staffed by the National Weather Service (NWS) for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) which provides pertinent information on the current and expected state of the atmosphere during human spaceflight operations. It is located at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. Meteorological information for the broader space program is provided by the 45th Space Wing's 45th Weather Squadron of the U.S. Air Force.[1][2]

SMG covered Space Shuttle missions[3] and was planned to cover Orion missions.[4] Following the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis during STS-135 on July 21, 2011, many of the SMG forecasters were relocated elsewhere in the National Weather Service, leaving a reduced staff at JSC.[5] The Spaceflight Meteorology Group is also tasked with forecasting emergency landings for Soyuz missions when those rendezvous with the International Space Station.[6]

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  1. ^ "SMG and Space Program Mission, History, and Information". Spaceflight Meteorology Group. 3 Oct 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Spaceflight Meteorology Group. 8 Oct 2002. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  3. ^ Brody, Frank C.; R.A. Lafosse; D.G. Bellue; T.D. Oram (Sep 1997). "Operations of the National Weather Service Spaceflight Meteorology Group". Weather Forecast. 12 (3): 526–44. Bibcode:1997WtFor..12..526B. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1997)012<0526:OOTNWS>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 1520-0434. 
  4. ^ Oram, Timothy (Jan 2008). "NWS Spaceflight Meteorology Group Support for the NASA Constellation Orion Vehicle". 13th Conference on Aviation, Range and Aerospace Meteorology. New Orleans, LA: American Meteorological Society. 
  5. ^ "Spaceflight Meteorology Group Forecasters To Face Bold New Challenges". National Weather Service. 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  6. ^ Oram, T.D. (May 2002). "Verification of world-wide space station emergency landing forecasts - Challenges and results" (PDF). 10th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology. Portland, OR: American Meteorological Society. pp. 186–8. 

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