Spadina station

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Spadina
TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg
Spadina TTC bus terminal.JPG
Location 6 Spadina Road
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Coordinates 43°40′02″N 79°24′14″W / 43.66722°N 79.40389°W / 43.66722; -79.40389Coordinates: 43°40′02″N 79°24′14″W / 43.66722°N 79.40389°W / 43.66722; -79.40389
Owned by Toronto Transit Commission
Platforms Side platforms (Line 1 and Line 2)
Tracks 4 (2 per line)
Connections
Construction
Structure type Underground
Disabled access No (Line 1)
Yes (Line 2)
Architect Adamson Associates (Line 1)
History
Opened February 26, 1966 (1966-02-26) (Line 2)
January 28, 1978 (Line 1)
July 27, 1997 (streetcar)
Traffic
Passengers (2016[1]) 13,570 (Line 1)
28,730 (Line 2)
42,300 Total
Services
Preceding station   TTC   Following station
toward Vaughan
TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg Yonge–University
toward Finch
toward Kipling
TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth
toward Kennedy
Terminus510 Spadina
Sussex Avenue
toward Union

Spadina is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University and Line 2 Bloor–Danforth in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located on Spadina Road, north of Bloor Street West. It is the only station open overnight, along with Union station.[2] Wi-Fi service is available at this station.[3]

The station consists of two separate sections, one for each line, at the same level and 150 metres apart. The north–south platforms, which opened in 1978, were originally planned as a separate station, but the TTC decided to join to the existing 1966 east–west station with a pedestrian tunnel containing a pair of long moving walkways. The cost of the moving walkways themselves became an issue when they became due for refurbishment or replacement, and they were shut down and ultimately removed in 2004, leaving the corridor as a simple underground walkway. The former location of the moving walkways remains visible because the tiles used to cover their removal are noticeably different. Warnings to hold the handrails are still embossed on the walls where the ends of the moving walkways were once located.

An underground loop for the 510 Spadina streetcar was added in 1997 near the east end of the east–west platforms. The streetcar platform adds Postmodern finishes to the station's mix of styles. These range from the basic Modernist tiles of the Bloor–Danforth line platform, to the more intricate round tiles and backlit signage of the Yonge–University line platform.

In 1997, this station became accessible only to the Bloor–Danforth platforms and exit.

Architecture and art[edit]

Spadina and Bloor[edit]

The largest above ground structure is the bus station; its main entrance, along with elevators and a fare collector booth, is located on the east side of Spadina Road just north of Bloor Street, which currently serves as the terminus of the 127 Davenport bus route. Originally, it was built to serve as a looping facility for the former 77 Spadina bus which operated until the underground streetcar loop was added and the buses were replaced by 510 Spadina streetcars. This building, with its pseudo-mansard roof and brick arches and no obvious bold signage like most other station entrances, is located at the easterly end of the Bloor line platforms. There is a secondary entrance building directly opposite, on the west side of Spadina Road, which is only accessible to those with physical TTC Metropasses and Presto cards as of November 2017.

At the street level, there are three large cedar wood carvings called K'san Village House Posts depicting an owl, a wolf and a hawk. They are the work of Fedelia O'Brien, Murphy Green and Chuck Heit respectively, who are from the Gitxsan First Nation in British Columbia.[4]

Walmer Avenue[edit]

Walmer Ave entrance

There is an automatic entrance, accessible only to Presto card holders as of November 2017, on the east side of Walmer Avenue. It leads to the west end of the Bloor line platforms.

Norman B. Gash House[edit]

85 Spadina Road

The main entrance to the Yonge–University line part of the station is concealed inside a house at 85 Spadina Road, which was built in 1899 and listed as a heritage property by the City of Toronto in 1974.[5] The building was designed by architect Robert Ogilvie[6] for lawyer Norman Gash. The property had previously been needed for construction of the Spadina Expressway, which was cancelled in 1971. Since it was still planned to build the subway on its original route along the course of the expressway, the site was subsequently acquired by Metropolitan Toronto in 1972, with the intention of replacing it with a new station building. Local protest forced the TTC to repurpose the old building, thereby retaining the residential character of the neighbourhood.[7][8] Opposite the house, on the west side of Spadina Road at Kendal Avenue, there is an uncovered stairwell entrance to the station mezzanine. There are northbound and southbound bus stops outside the entrances. As of November 2017, this entrance is only accessible for those with physical TTC metropasses and Presto cards.

This building includes two large artworks: Morning Glory by Louis de Niverville, a surreal enamel mural sited on the ground level by the stairwell; and Barren Ground Caribou by Joyce Wieland, a huge quilt[9] featuring caribou in a tundra landscape, located near the unmanned turnstile on the concourse level below.[10]

Morning Glory, Gash House entrance
Barren Ground Caribou, Gash House entrance
K'san Village House Posts, Spadina/Bloor entrance

Subway infrastructure in the vicinity[edit]

This section of the Bloor line was constructed by cut and cover on a strip of land behind the properties fronting on the north side of Bloor Street. The tracks run east from here to the lower level of St. George station. Between the stations connecting tracks from the Bloor line rise on each side to the upper level of St. George station, like exit ramps on a highway, providing a link with the University line.

The section of the Yonge–University line at and between Dupont and Spadina stations was constructed under Spadina Road. South of the station the tunnel turns off-street and curves eastward through 90 degrees to run briefly parallel to Bloor Street before entering the upper level of St. George station.

Nearby landmarks[edit]

The station is located in The Annex neighbourhood at the northwest corner of the University of Toronto main campus. Destinations and nearby points of interest include the Spadina Road Branch of the Toronto Public Library, Native Canadian Centre of Toronto,[11] Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre,[12] Bloor Street United Church, Trinity-St. Paul's United Church.

Surface connections[edit]

LRV 4403 at the streetcar platform

When the subway is closed, streetcars still enter the station.[2] TTC routes serving the station include:

Route Name Additional Information
127 Davenport Westbound to St Clair Avenue West and Old Weston Road
300A Bloor-Danforth Eastbound to Warden, westbound to Pearson Airport

(On-street transfer)

300B Eastbound to Kennedy station, westbound to West Mall

(On-street transfer)

310 Spadina Blue Night Streetcar service; Southbound to Union station via Harbourfront
510A Streetcar; Southbound to Union station via Harbourfront
510B Streetcar; Southbound to Queens Quay and Spadina Avenue
510C Streetcar; Southbound to King Street West

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subway ridership, 2016" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved July 3, 2018. This table shows the typical number of customer-trips made on each subway on an average weekday and the typical number of customers travelling to and from each station platform on an average weekday.
  2. ^ a b "Route 510 - The Spadina Streetcar - Transit Toronto - Content". transit.toronto.on.ca. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  3. ^ "There's now free WiFi at over 40 TTC subway stations". blogTO. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  4. ^ Tag Archives: Gitksan (March 1, 2013). "K'san Village House Posts in Spadina Station". Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  5. ^ Heritage Property Detail – 85 Spadina Rd.
  6. ^ "Ogilvie, Robert Mitchell". Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  7. ^ "Norman B. Gash House (Spadina Station Entrance), 85 Spadina Road". heritagetoronto.org. Heritage Toronto. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  8. ^ Toronto's Historical Plaques: Norman B. Gash House
  9. ^ "Visitors to Toronto can see an example of her work by entering the Spadina subway station at 85 Spadina Road. The huge quilt titled "Barren Ground Caribou" which she produced in 1978 hangs there". Joyce Wieland. Northernstars. Archived from the original on September 11, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  10. ^ McIlveen, Eli (2002). "Art on the TTC". Transit Toronto. Archived from the original on March 13, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  11. ^ Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, Contact Information Archived August 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre: How to reach us

External links[edit]

Media related to Spadina Station at Wikimedia Commons