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"Spaghetti Junction" is a nickname sometimes given to a complicated or massively intertwined road traffic interchange that is said to resemble a plate of spaghetti. Such interchanges may incorporate a variety of interchange design elements in order to maximize connectivity.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 By country
- 2.1 Australia
- 2.2 Belgium
- 2.3 Botswana
- 2.4 Canada
- 2.5 China
- 2.6 Germany
- 2.7 Ireland
- 2.8 Italy
- 2.9 Japan
- 2.10 New Zealand
- 2.11 Poland
- 2.12 South Africa
- 2.13 United Arab Emirates
- 2.14 United Kingdom
- 2.15 United States
- 2.15.1 Alabama
- 2.15.2 Arizona
- 2.15.3 Arkansas
- 2.15.4 California
- 2.15.5 Colorado
- 2.15.6 Connecticut
- 2.15.7 Delaware
- 2.15.8 District of Columbia
- 2.15.9 Florida
- 2.15.10 Georgia
- 2.15.11 Hawaii
- 2.15.12 Idaho
- 2.15.13 Illinois
- 2.15.14 Indiana
- 2.15.15 Iowa
- 2.15.16 Kansas
- 2.15.17 Kentucky
- 2.15.18 Louisiana
- 2.15.19 Maine
- 2.15.20 Maryland
- 2.15.21 Massachusetts
- 2.15.22 Michigan
- 2.15.23 Minnesota
- 2.15.24 Mississippi
- 2.15.25 Missouri
- 2.15.26 Nebraska
- 2.15.27 Nevada
- 2.15.28 New Hampshire
- 2.15.29 New Jersey
- 2.15.30 New Mexico
- 2.15.31 New York
- 2.15.32 North Carolina
- 2.15.33 Ohio
- 2.15.34 Oklahoma
- 2.15.35 Oregon
- 2.15.36 Pennsylvania
- 2.15.37 Rhode Island
- 2.15.38 South Carolina
- 2.15.39 Tennessee
- 2.15.40 Texas
- 2.15.41 Utah
- 2.15.42 Virginia
- 2.15.43 Washington
- 2.15.44 Wisconsin
- 2.16 Venezuela
- 3 See also
- 4 References
The term was originally used to refer to the Gravelly Hill Interchange on the M6 motorway in Birmingham, United Kingdom. In an article published in the Birmingham Evening Mail on 1 June 1965 the journalist Roy Smith described plans for the junction as "like a cross between a plate of spaghetti and an unsuccessful attempt at a Staffordshire knot", with the headline above the article on the newspaper's front page, written by sub-editor Alan Eaglesfield, reading "Spaghetti Junction". Since then many complex interchanges around the world have acquired the nickname.
Throughout North America, this type of interchange is widely referred to as a spaghetti junction, mixing bowl, knot, or maze, often including the name of the freeway, city, or notable landmark near enough to the interchange.
Japan, somewhat colloquially, has adopted the term tentacle junction in lieu of the Western phrase.
- Tom Willis Interchange, the major junction in Melbourne of the Monash Freeway and EastLink tollway.
- In Melbourne, the junction of the West Gate Freeway, Western Ring Road and Princes Freeway (resembled by its numerous and large ramps).
- Light Horse Interchange, at the junction of Westlink M7 Motorway & M4 Western Motorway in Sydney.
- Springvale Junction, a 6-way intersection of Princes Highway, Springvale Road, Police Road and Centre Road in Mulgrave, Victoria.
- The interchange that links the Inner City Bypass with the Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7) and Airport Link Tunnel in Brisbane, Queensland.
- The Cape Horn Interchange between Trans Canada Highway, Lougheed Highway, United Boulevard, and Mary Hill Bypass in Coquitlam, British Columbia.
- The interchange of Queen Elizabeth Way, Gardiner Expressway, Highway 427, and Brown's Line.
- The interchange of Highway 401, Highway 427, Eglinton Avenue, Highway 27, and several terminal roads such as Renforth Drive, Carlingview Drive, and The East Mall in Toronto, Ontario near its boundary with Mississauga; it is also a mega-interchange.
- The road network at Toronto Pearson International Airport, the interchange of Highway 409 and Highway 427; the airport portion of the 409, Airport Road, and the terminal access roads.
- The interchange of Highway 401, Highway 404, and the Don Valley Parkway in Toronto, Ontario.
- The interchange of Highway 401, Allen Road, Yorkdale Road, and Yorkdale Shopping Centre in Toronto, Ontario.
- The interchange between Bloor Street, Dundas Street, and Kipling Avenue in Toronto's west end, officially known as the Six Points Interchange, but often referred to as "Spaghetti Junction" by local residents.
- The Montreal interchange between Autoroutes 20, 15, and 720, commonly known as the Turcot Interchange, a few kilometers west of the Champlain Bridge approach. The east and west lanes of A-20 reverse from right-hand running to left-hand running a few kilometers to the west, and then flip back while passing through the interchange. 300,000 vehicles use the interchange daily.
- The Quebec City interchange between Autoroute 73, Autoroute 540, and various surface streets.
- The Quebec City interchange between Autoroute 440 (Autoroute Charest) and Autoroute 740 (Autoroute Robert-Bourassa, formerly known as Autoroute Du Vallon).
- The interchange between S20 (Outer Ring Expressway), S2 (Shanghai–Luchaogang Expressway), and S1 (Yingbin Expressway) in Shanghai.
- The interchange between G2011 (Qingdao–Xinhe Expressway), G204, and Qinglong Expressway[dubious ] in Qingdao.
- The interchange between G85, Longteng Avenue, and Shiyang Road in Chongqing.
- Kreuz Kaiserberg, an intersection of German Autobahns A 3 and A 40.
- The interchange between A 10 and A 11 near the village of Birkholz.
- The interchange between A 100, A 115, and surface streets in Westend, Berlin. 
- Red Cow interchange is a major road junction in west Dublin, Ireland on the M50, meeting the N7 Naas Road (to Cork and Limerick) at a free-flow grade separated junction which incorporates a light railway line. The junction was approved and built between 1972 and 1973 to help accommodate the increased flow of traffic coming into Dublin from commuter areas to the west of the city.
- The interchange between the A51 motorway (Tangenziale Est Milano), and provincial roads SP2 (Strada provinciale Monza-Bellusco) and SP45 (Strada provinciale Villasanta-Vimercate) is a well-known spaghetti junction in the north-east of Milan. It is locally known as Incrocio delle Torri Bianche in reference to the nearby Torri Bianche commercial district in Vimercate, or Le Montagne Russe ('the roller coaster'). The spaghetti junction evolved around a much simple roundabout intersection which existed before the construction of the Torri Bianche district, and was referred to locally as Rondò dell'Esselunga, in reference to a nearby supermarket.
- The junction between the Meishin Expressway, Kyoto-Jukan Expressway, and Keiji Bypass in eastern Oyamazaki.
- The junction between the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line, Route 409 and the Bayshore Route of the Shuto Expressway located just east of Kawasaki.
- Central Motorway Junction, the intersection of New Zealand State Highway 1 and Highway 16, as well as several separate on-and off-ramp clusters, south of the city centre of Auckland.
- Gravelly Hill Interchange, the intersection of the M6 motorway (Junction 6), A38(M) motorway, A38 road and A5127 road above two railway lines, three canals and two rivers in Birmingham.
- Worsley Braided Interchange, between the M60 (formerly M62), M61, A580 and A666(M), between Manchester and Bolton, which opened in December 1970, 17 months before Gravelly Hill.
- The interchange between I-65 and I-22 in Birmingham. The interchange, which is composed of 14 bridges, is the largest in the state. This interchange is located approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) north of the current busiest interchange in Alabama (between I-65 and I-20/I-59) which is known locally as "Malfunction Junction".
- I-20/I-59, US 31, US 280, 25th Street, and 26th Street in Birmingham.
- I-565 and US 231/US 431 in Huntsville.
- Papago Freeway (I-10), Piestewa Freeway (Arizona State Route 51), Red Mountain Freeway (Arizona State Route 202), 24th Street, and McDowell Road in Phoenix.
- I-30, I-440, and I-530 in Little Rock.
- Interstate 530 near Pine Bluff and Arkansas State Highway 530 near Pine Bluff.
Inland Southern California
- Golden State Highway (CA 99), Golden State Avenue (CA 204), and Airport Drive in Bakersfield.
- I-15 (Ontario Freeway), CA 210 (Foothill Freeway), and Cherry Avenue in Rancho Cucamonga.
Los Angeles County
- I-5 (Santa Ana Freeway), I-605 (San Gabriel River Freeway), and Florence Avenue in Downey and Santa Fe Springs.
- I-10 (San Bernardino Freeway), I-710 (Long Beach Freeway), and local streets in East Los Angeles.
- I-5 (Golden State Freeway), CA 134 (Ventura Freeway), San Fernando Road, and Zoo Drive in Glendale and Los Angeles.
- CA 2 (Glendale Freeway), CA 134, Colorado Boulevard, and Harvey Drive in Glendale and Eagle Rock.
- I-405 (San Diego Freeway), I-710, Pacific Place, and Wardlow Road in Long Beach.
- I-5, I-10, US 101, and CA 60 (Pomona Freeway) at the East Los Angeles Interchange in Los Angeles.
- I-10 (Santa Monica Freeway), I-110 (Harbor Freeway), and local streets in Downtown Los Angeles.
- I-5, CA 2, Newell Street, and Riverside Drive in Los Angeles.
- The Judge Harry Pregerson Interchange with I-105, I-110, Broadway, Grand Avenue, and Vermont Avenue in Los Angeles.
- I-110, US 101 (Hollywood Freeway), Grand Avenue, and Temple Street in Los Angeles.
- I-5, CA 118 (Ronald Reagan Freeway), Laurel Canyon Boulevard, and Paxton Street in Los Angeles.
- I-405 (San Diego Freeway), CA 118, and Sepulveda Boulevard in Los Angeles.
- A mammoth interchange with I-105, I-405, Imperial Highway, Century Boulevard, El Segundo Boulevard, and La Cienega Boulevard just east of Los Angeles International Airport.
- CA 1 (Sepulveda Boulevard), Sky Way, and World Way at Los Angeles International Airport.
- I-210 (Foothill Freeway), CA 134, Fair Oaks Avenue, and Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena.
- I-10, CA 57, CA 71 (Chino Valley Freeway), and Campus Drive in Pomona and San Dimas.
- I-5, CA 14 (Antelope Valley Freeway), and local roads in Los Angeles and Santa Clarita.
- Sierra Freeway (CA 168), Sequoia-Kings Canyon Freeway (CA 180), Cedar Avenue, and Chestnut Avenue in Fresno.
- I-880, CA 237 (Southbay Freeway), and McCarthy Boulevard in Milpitas.
- US 101, CA 37, and Novato Boulevard in Novato.
- MacArthur Maze, where I-80, I-580, and I-880 intersect at the east end of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge in Oakland.
- US 101, Embarcadero Road, and Oregon Expressway in Palo Alto.
- I-5, I-80 Business/US 50, Broadway, W Street, and X Street in Sacramento.
- I-80, I-80 Business, CA 244, and Watt Avenue just NE of Sacramento.
- I-280 (Junipero Serra Freeway), I-380, San Bruno Avenue, and Sneath Lane in San Bruno.
- US 101 (Bayshore Freeway), I-280 (John Foran Freeway), Alemany Boulevard/Industrial Street, and Bayshore Boulevard in San Francisco (Alemany Maze).
- A pair of interchanges on US 101 at the west edge of San Francisco International Airport. One is with I-380, San Bruno Avenue, and North Access Road and the other is with the passenger access roads of the airport.
- I-280 (Sinclair Freeway), I-880 (Nimitz Freeway), and Stevens Creek Boulevard in San Jose.
- I-280, CA 87 (Guadalupe Parkway), Almaden Boulevard/Vine Street, and Bird Avenue in San Jose.
- I-280 (Junipero Serra Freeway), I-680 and the US 101 (Bayshore Freeway), in San Jose, otherwise known as the Joe Colla Interchange after the San Jose City Councilman was photographed in 1976 on top of the long incomplete interchange.
- CA 1 (Cabrillo Highway), CA 17 (Santa Cruz Highway), and Ocean Street in Santa Cruz.
- I-5, CA 91, and Magnolia Avenue in Anaheim, Fullerton, and Buena Park.
- I-5, I-405, Bake Parkway, and Irvine Center Drive in Irvine (El Toro Y).
- Orange Crush interchange, with I-5 (Santa Ana Freeway), CA 22 (Garden Grove Freeway), and CA 57 (Orange Freeway), and Bristol Street/La Veta Avenue in Garden Grove and Orange.
- I-405, I-605, and CA 22 in Rossmoor and Seal Beach.
San Diego County
- I-5, CA 94, CA 163 (Cabrillo Freeway), and local roads in Downtown San Diego.
- I-5, I-8, Camino Del Rio, and Morena Boulevard in northern San Diego.
- I-8 (Mission Valley Freeway), CA 163, and Mission Center Road in northern San Diego.
- I-8, I-805 (Jacob Dekema Freeway), and Qualcomm Way in northern San Diego.
- I-8, I-15, Camino Del Rio, and Fairmount Avenue/Mission Gorge Road in northern San Diego.
- I-15, CA 52 (San Clemente Canyon Freeway), CA 163, and Kearney Villa Road in northern San Diego.
- Ventura Freeway (US 101/CA 1), Santa Paula Freeway (CA 126), Main Street (US 101 Business), and Telephone Road in Ventura.
- I-25, U.S. Routes 40/287, and Auraria Parkway in Downtown Denver.
- I-25 and I-70, just north of Downtown Denver, known locally as The Mousetrap due to its maze of ramps. The interchange also includes braided ramps to 38th Ave./Fox St./Park Avenue West (from I-25) and ramps to Washington St. (from I-70).
- I-25, I-76, I-270/US 36, and 70th Avenue (CO 224) in Welby.
- I-25 and C-470/E-470, a four-level stack interchange in Lone Tree, which also includes braided ramps to and from County Line Road.
- US 34, US 85, US 85 Business, and 8th Ave. near the Greeley-Evans line.
- I-84/US 6, US 44, CT-2, Governor Street, Pitkin Street, and the Founders Bridge in East Hartford.
- I-84, I-691, and CT-322 in Milldale (Southington).
- The I-95, I-91, and CT-34 interchange in New Haven. The interchange is being rebuilt to increase roadway capacity and remove left-hand exits from the I-95 mainline.
- Merritt Parkway (CT-15), Henry Mucci Highway (CT-25), and Church Hill Road (CT-127) in Trumbull.
- Merritt Parkway (CT-15), CT-8, and CT-108 in Trumbull.
- I-84 and CT-8 interchange in Waterbury, locally known as the "Mixmaster Interchange". The two highways intersect one another on double-decked viaducts. A multitude of ramps at several different levels connect the two highways and provide access to and from local streets.
- I-84, US 6, and CT-9 interchange, locally known as "The Stack", in Farmington
District of Columbia
- I-66, Constitution Avenue (US 50), E Street, and Ohio Drive.
- I-395, 7th Street, 9th Street Expressway, 12th Street Expressway, and Maine Avenue.
- I-395, I-695, South Capitol Street, C Street, D Street, and Washington Avenue.
- I-595, US 441, SR 84, and Florida's Turnpike just SW of Fort Lauderdale.
- I-10, I-95, Forest Street, and Stockton Street in Jacksonville.
- Golden Glades Interchange, the intersection of I-95 with Florida's Turnpike, US 441, SR 9 and the Palmetto Expressway in Miami Gardens, is also sometimes called the "Spaghetti Bowl".
- Florida's Turnpike, SR 528 (Beachline Expressway), and Orange Blossom Trail (U.S. Routes 17/92/441) just south of Orlando.
- I-275, US 19, and 54th Avenue South in St. Petersburg.
- I-4 and I-275 in Tampa, known as "Malfunction Junction".
- SR 60, SR 589, Bessie Coleman Boulevard, and Spruce Street in Tampa.
- Tom Moreland Interchange, the interchange of I-85 and I-285 as well as Chamblee-Tucker Road and Northcrest Road in DeKalb County just outside Atlanta.
- Cobb Cloverleaf, the interchange of I-75, I-75's reversible toll lanes, and I-285 in Georgia, adjacent to SunTrust Park.
- A massive interchange in Halawa of I-H-1, I-H-3, I-H-201, Kahuapani Street, Kamehameha Highway (HI 99), and Ulune Street.
- I-H-1, Kamehameha Highway, and Nimitz Highway (HI 92) at two different interchanges in Honolulu.
- Interstate H-1, Interstate H-2, Farrington Highway, Kamehameha Highway, and Waipahu Street in Pearl City and Waipahu.
- Jane Byrne Interchange, the intersection of the Kennedy Expressway, the Dan Ryan Expressway, the Eisenhower Expressway, and Congress Parkway just west of downtown Chicago.
- Interstates 55/64, Mississippi Avenue (IL 3), IL 15, Piggott Avenue, and Tudor Avenue in East St. Louis.
- I-70, I-55, I-64, US 40, and St. Clair Avenue (IL 3) in East St. Louis.
- I-90, I-190, I-294, and River Road in Rosemont, outside of O'Hare International Airport.
- I-65's northern terminus, I-90 (Indiana Toll Road), US 12/US 20 (Dunes Highway) and 15th Avenue in Gary.
- Spaghetti Bowl in Indianapolis aka the North Split (north junction of I-65 & I-70).
- Two "Mixmasters" in Des Moines. Both are the interchanges of Interstate 35, I-80, and I-235, one north of Des Moines, and one in West Des Moines.
- I-70, Fairfax Trafficway, Minnesota Avenue, and Washington Boulevard in Kansas City.
- I-435 and US 69 in Overland Park.
- I-35, I-435, and KS 10 in Lenexa.
- I-435, I-70, and State Avenue in Kansas City.
- Kennedy Interchange, the intersection of I-64, I-65, and I-71 at the northeastern edge of Downtown Louisville.
- A massive interchange complex of I-65, I-264, Crittenden Drive, and access roads to Louisville International Airport and the Kentucky Exposition Center on the south side of Louisville.
- Interstate 110, Airline Highway (U.S. Routes 61/190), and Harding Boulevard (LA 408) in Baton Rouge.
- I-10, US 90, Ponchartrain Expressway (US 90 Business), Poydras Street, and Stadium Drive in New Orleans.
- I-20, I-49, Lakeshore Drive, Linwood Avenue/Pierre Avenue, and Murphy Street in Shreveport.
- Interstates 95/495, US 50, Corporate Drive, and Garden City Drive (MD 950) in Ardmore.
- I-95, MD 295/Russell Street, I-395, and Monroe Street in Baltimore.
- I-395/Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, Russell Street, and Lee Street in Baltimore.
- I-70, I-270, US 15, MD 180, and Ballenger Creek Pike in Frederick.
- I-95/I-495, I-295, National Harbor Boulevard, MD 210 (Indian Head Highway), and MD 414 (St. Barnabas Road) in Oxon Hill.
- I-95/I-495, Branch Avenue (Maryland Route 5), and Auth Road just west of Temple Hills.
- I-695, I-70, and MD 122 (Security Boulevard) in Woodlawn, west of Baltimore.
- I-90 (Massachusetts Turnpike), I-290, I-395, US 20, and MA 12 in Auburn.
- The South Bay Interchange between I-90 (Massachusetts Turnpike) and I-93/US 1/MA 3 in Boston.
- I-90, MA 1A (William McClellan Highway), and airport access roads at the western edge of Logan International Airport in Boston.
- I-90, I-95/MA 128 (Yankee Division Highway), Commonwealth Avenue (MA 30), Grove Street, and Park Road in Newton.
- I-95, MA 128, US 1, and MA 129 in Peabody.
- I-91, I-291, US 20, Chestnut Street, and Dwight Street in Springfield.
- I-190, I-290, and Burncoat Street in Worcester.
- The "Gateway Interchange" (I-75, Interstate 96, US 12, Vernor Street, and the Ambassador Bridge) in Detroit.
- The "Spaghetti Bowl" (I-96, I-275, I-696, and M-5) at the border of Farmington Hills and Novi.
- The "Mixing Bowl" (I-696, US 24, M-10) in Southfield.
- The "Kent Interchange" (I-196 and US 131) in Grand Rapids.
- The "Red Cedar Interchange" (I-496, US 127, Trowbridge Road, and Kalamazoo Street) in Lansing.
- The Can of Worms interchange between I-35, I-535 and US 53 in Duluth.
- The interchange between I-35W and I-94 in Minneapolis.
- The interchange between I-35E and I-94 in Downtown St. Paul.
- I-270, I-255, I-55, and Lindbergh Boulevard in Mehlville.
- I-70, I-270, and St. Charles Rock Road (MO 180) in Bridgeton.
- I-70 and I-170 in Berkeley. There are two separate exits from northbound I-170 to westbound I-70: Exit 7B merges into I-70 from the left, while exit 7C joins I-70 from the right, thus providing more convenient access to the following exit to Lambert Airport Terminal 2.
- I-64 and I-270 in Town and Country, which also includes a braided exit ramp from eastbound I-64 to Ballas Rd.
- I-44, I-270, U.S. Route 50, and Missouri Route 366 in Sunset Hills.
- I-270, MO 370, and Missouri Bottom Road in Bridgeton.
- I-29, I-35, I-70, Independence Avenue (US 24), and Admiral Boulevard in Kansas City.
- I-35, I-670, and Broadway Boulevard in Kansas City.
- I-70, I-670, US 71, and local roads in Kansas City.
- I-44, I-55, Gravois Avenue (MO 30), Lafayette Avenue, Truman Parkway, and Tucker Boulevard in St. Louis.
- Grandview Triangle in south Kansas City (I-49, I-435, I-470, US 50, US 71).
- I-35, I-435, US 69 in Claycomo.
- Interstate 80, I-680, I Street, and L Street (US 275) in Omaha.
- I-680 and Dodge St (U.S. Route 6) in Omaha.
- I-80, I-480, and US 75 in Omaha.
- I-480 and North Freeway(U.S. Route 75) in Omaha.
- Henderson Spaghetti Bowl (or the "Hender-Bender") in Henderson (I-515/US 93/US 95, I-215, Lake Mead Parkway)
- Las Vegas Spaghetti Bowl, where I-15 and US 95 intersect (also US 93 and I-515 being one or the other) in Downtown Las Vegas, along with access to/from Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
- Reno Spaghetti Bowl, the interchange between I-80 and I-580/US 395 in Reno.
- US 3, Daniel Webster Highway, Spit Brook Road, and an access highway to New Hampshire Route 3A in Nashua.
- Route 3, Route 21, and River Road in Clifton.
- I-95 (the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 10), I-287, Route 440, and Woodbridge Avenue in Edison.
- Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 13), I-278, Route 439 (Bayway), Brunswick Avenue, and Cole Place in Elizabeth.
- I-95, U.S. Routes 1/9/46, Route 4, and Fletcher Avenue (US 9W) in Fort Lee.
- I-76, I-676, Collings Road, and an access highway to US 130 and Route 168 in Gloucester City.
- Newark Airport Interchange, a massive interchange of I-78, US 1/9, US 22, Route 21, and I-95 (the New Jersey Turnpike) at the northern edge of Newark Airport in Newark, just outside New York City.
- I-80, US 202, and Cherry Hill Road in Parsippany.
- I-80, I-280, and US 46 in Parsippany.
- I-80, I-287, and (signed for US 46) Littleton Road and Smith Road in Parsippany.
- I-80, Route 20, Lakeview Avenue, and Market Street in Paterson.
- US 130, Route 90, and Union Avenue in Pennsauken.
- Route 3, Route 17, and Edwin Ward Memorial Parkway in Rutherford.
- New Jersey Turnpike Eastern Spur exit 17 with Route 3 and Route 495 in Secaucus.
- Spaghetti Bowl, the intersection of I-80 with Route 23 and US 46 in Wayne.
- Garden State Parkway, US 9, Route 440, Route 35, New Brunswick Avenue, Riverside Drive, and Smith Street in Woodbridge.
- Bruckner Interchange, a complex interchange at the intersection of Bruckner Expressway (Interstate 278), Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95), I-295, I-678, and Hutchinson River Parkway in The Bronx.
- Kew Gardens Interchange, an intersection of Grand Central Parkway, Van Wyck Expressway (I-678), Jackie Robinson Parkway, Queens Boulevard (NY 25), and Union Turnpike, in Kew Gardens, Queens.
- Belt Parkway (NY 27), Van Wyck Expressway (I-678), Nassau Expressway (NY 878), and JFK Expressway at the edge of Kennedy Airport in Queens.
- Long Island Expressway (I-495), Van Wyck Expressway (I-678), Grand Central Parkway, and collector-distributor roads in Flushing Meadows Park, Queens.
- Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95), Major Deegan Expressway (I-87), and US 1 in The Bronx.
- I-787, South Mall Arterial (US 20), US 9, Madison Avenue, and Pearl Street (NY 32) in Albany.
- Cross Westchester Expressway (I-287), Saw Mill River Parkway, and NY 119 in Elmsford.
- I-690, NY 695, and State Fair Boulevard in Lakeland.
- Can of Worms (interchange), the name given to the complex interchange connecting I-490, I-590, NY 590, and NY 96 in Rochester.
- I-490, Inner Loop, Clinton Avenue (NY 15), and South Avenue in Rochester.
- I-81, I-690, and local roads in Syracuse.
- I-26, I-240, and Patton Avenue (U.S. Route 74A) in Asheville.
- I-40, I-240, and Charlotte Highway (US 74A) in Asheville.
- I-77, I-85, and Statesville Avenue/Statesville Road in Charlotte.
- US 17, US 70 (Future I-42), NC 55, and Front Street in New Bern.
- I-71, I-75, US 42, US 50, 6th Street, and 9th Street in Cincinnati.
- I-71, I-471, US 50, and Columbia Parkway in Cincinnati.
- I-71, I-670, US 23 (3rd Street/4th Street), Broad Street (US 40/US 62), OH 3 (Cleveland Avenue), 5th Avenue, and Long Street in Columbus.
- The former configuration of I-75, OH 4, OH 48 (Main Street), Keowee Street, and Webster Street in Dayton, known locally as Malfunction Junction.
- Interstate 244, I-444, U.S. Route 75, US 412, 1st Street, and 2nd Street in Tulsa.
- I-444, US 64, US 75, and OK 51 in Tulsa.
- I-35, I-44 (Turner Turnpike), the John Kilpatrick Turnpike, and Sooner Road in Oklahoma City.
- I-44, Cache Road, and 2nd Street in Lawton
- I-240, I-44, and Southwest 59th Street in Oklahoma City.
- I-235, I-35, I-40, US 270, and the Crosstown Boulevard in Downtown Oklahoma City.
- I-76 (Pennsylvania Turnpike), Interstate 79, and U.S. Route 19 in Cranberry Township, Butler County. Pennsylvania Turnpike exit 30, Cranberry Interchange.
- The Dwight D. Eisenhower Interchange, the interchange of I-83, I-283, and US 322 just east of Harrisburg. US US 322 (Eisenhower Boulevard) interchanges with Derry Street and Paxton Street.
- I-376, PA 576 (Southern Beltway) and Airport Boulevard in Findlay Township just SW of Pittsburgh International Airport.
- U.S. Route 30, US 202, and Lincoln Highway (US 30 Business) in Glenloch.
- The I-279 Interchange, the interchange of I-279, US 19 Truck, I-579, and PA 28 near the North Shore of Pittsburgh.
- The King of Prussia Interchange, the interchange of I-76, US 202, and US 422 in King of Prussia.
- US 22, US 322, USe 522, and Ort Valley Road just north of Lewistown.
- I-76 (Pennsylvania Turnpike), I-376, US 22, William Penn Highway (Business US 22), and PA 48 (Mosside Boulevard) in Monroeville. Pennsylvania Turnpike exit 57, Pittsburgh Interchange.
- I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway), US 1, Lincoln Drive, Ridge Avenue, and Kelly Drive in Northwest Philadelphia and Bala Cynwyd.
- I-95, I-676/US 30, and local roads in Penn's Landing, Philadelphia.
- I-95, the Betsy Ross Bridge Expressway, and Aramingo Avenue in Northeast Philadelphia.
- I-95, Bartram Avenue (PA 291), and airport access roads at Philadelphia International Airport.
- I-95, I-476, and MacDade Boulevard in Ridley Township.
- I-376, Braddock Avenue, Greendale Avenue, Monongahela Avenue, and Swissvale Avenue in Swissvale.
- The Throop-Dunmore Interchange, the interchange of I-81, I-84/I-380, and US 6 in Dunmore.
- I-76, I-476, and Matsonford Road (signed for PA 23) in West Conshohocken.
- I-476, I-276 (Pennsylvania Turnpike), and Germantown Pike in Plymouth Meeting.
- The junction of I-26 with I-20 in St. Andrews and Seven Oaks, near Columbia, and the junction of I-26 with I-126 and Bush River Rd. in Columbia, collectively known as "Malfunction Junction".
- I-40, I-275, and Western Avenue (TN 62) in Knoxville.
- I-40, I-69, TN 300, and Watkins Street in Memphis.
- I-65, Ellington Parkway (U.S. Route 31E), and Dickerson Pike (US 31W/US 41) in Nashville.
- U.S. Route 183, TX 111, 7th Street, César Chávez Street, and Montopolis Drive in Austin.
- US 290, TX Loop 1 (Mo-Pac Expressway), Southwest Boulevard, and collector-distributor roads in Austin.
- TX Loop 1 (Mo-Pac Expressway), César Chávez Street, Lake Austin Boulevard, Atlanta Street, 5th Street, and 6th Street in Austin.
- Interstate 30, I-45, and César Chávez Boulevard in Dallas.
- I-35E, I-30, and local streets in Dallas, known locally as the "Mixmaster".
- I-635, TX 114, TX 121, and International Parkway at the northern edge of DFW Airport. Known locally as the "DFW Connector" or the "Grapevine Funnel", this interchange connects seven area highways and is up to 23 lanes wide.
- The three level interchange between I-10, US 54, and I-110 in East Central El Paso.
- I-20, I-35W, and collector-distributor roads in Fort Worth.
- I-30, I-35W, US 287, TX 180, and TX 280 in Fort Worth.
- Interstate 10/US 90, US 59, and Navigation Boulevard in Center City Houston.
- I-45, Allen Parkway, and Houston Avenue in Center City Houston.
- US 59, TX 288, Chenevert Street, and Elgin Drive in Houston.
- US 290, I-10, I-610, and Old Katy Road in Houston.
- Interstate 80, State Route 186, and I-215 in Millcreek.
- I-80, I-215, and SR-68 (Redwood Road) in Salt Lake City.
- I-80, SR-154, Old SR-186, and Terminal Drive just south of Salt Lake City International Airport.
- The I-15, I-80, and SR-201 interchange in South Salt Lake/Salt Lake City.
- Interstate 66, US 50, VA 110, and George Washington Memorial Parkway in Arlington.
- I-64, I-664, US 13, US 58, and US 460 in Chesapeake.
- I-495, VA 267 (Dulles Toll Road), and Jones Branch Drive in McLean and Tysons Corner.
- I-664, 25th and 26th Streets (US 60), 27th Street, and 28th Street in Newport News.
- I-85, I-95, US 460, and VA 36 in Petersburg.
- I-64, I-95, and I-195 in Richmond.
- I-95, I-395, and I-495 interchange in Springfield. This is locally known as the Springfield Interchange and the "Mixing Bowl".
- I-95 and SR 644 just south of the "Mixing Bowl" in Springfield.
- I-664, US 17, and Western Freeway (VA 164) in Suffolk.
- VA 28, VA 267, Dulles Access Road, Innovation Avenue, and Rudder Road at the eastern edge of Dulles Airport.
- I-90, I-405, and Bellevue Way in Bellevue.
- I-5, I-90, Airport Way, Dearborn Street, and WA 519 in Seattle.
- I-90, WA 290, and Business Interstate 90 (Sprague Avenue) in Spokane.
- I-5, I-705, WA 16, and 38th Street in Tacoma.
Autopista Norte-Sur and Autopista Francisco Fajardo in Caracas.
- "Spaghetti junction". English Collins Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers LLC. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Addison, Paul (2010). No Turning Back. Oxford: OUP Oxford. p. 139. ISBN 0192192671. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "Spaghetti Junction myth is untangled". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Moran, Joe (2010). On Roads. London: Profile Books. p. 45. ISBN 1846680603. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- Google (5 Aug 2018). "Map of interchange on Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 5 Aug 2018.
- Ketumile, Kesentse (25 January 2016). "Hello spaghetti, bye bye traffic circles". Botswana Daily News. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Francistown Spaghetti Junction Opens for Public Use". The Midweek Sun. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Google (13 May 2013). "Interchange of Hwys 401, 427 and 27, Ontario" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Google (13 May 2013). "Six Points Interchange, Etobicoke, Ontario" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Byers, Jim (7 January 2008). "Untangling Etobicoke's messy Six Points interchange If the late Jane Jacobs had nightmares, they looked like this". Toronto Star. Star Media Group. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Google (13 May 2013). "Map of interchange on Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Google (3 Aug 2018). "Map of interchange on Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 Aug 2018.
- Google (3 Aug 2018). "Map of interchange on Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 Aug 2018.
- Chartres, John (18 December 1970). "'Spaghetti Junction' opens, without warning signs". The Times. London: News Corporation. Retrieved 21 June 2012.(subscription required)
- JJohnson, W.M. "A627(M) Rochdale–Oldham Motorway". Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original on 29 August 2006. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "Spaghetti Junction tops list of worst freight bottlenecks". Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "Spaghetti Junction". 20 April 2005. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- Larsen, Dave (6 September 2012). "Malfunction Junction crashes down 90%". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Google (7 Aug 2018). "Map of interchange on Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 7 Aug 2018.
- Cassie Cope. "Malfunction Junction a ‘Poster Child’ for Road Needs". The State. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "End of the road in sight for $1 billion Grapevine project". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Google (13 May 2013). "I-95?395/495 Interchange" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
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