Spain was the colonial master of many South American regions, including what was known as Banda Oriental. In 1726, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, the Spanish governor of Buenos Aires founded Montevideo, which soon became an important harbor of the Spanish Armada.
After independence, Spain did not recognize Uruguay until the second half of the 19th century.
Bilateral relations intensified during the 20th century. In 1983, King Juan Carlos I paid a very important official visit to Uruguay, which was influential in the end of the civic-military dictatorship. Felipe González attended the inauguration of President Julio María Sanguinetti on 1 March 1985; after that, Felipe, Prince of Asturias has usually attended presidential inaugurations representing Spain. In 1996, another visit by King Juan Carlos took place.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Spain has an embassy in Montevideo.
- Uruguay has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in Barcelona, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santiago de Compostela, and Valencia.
- "Official visit of José Mujica to Spain" (PDF) (in Spanish). Presidencia de la República. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Embassy of Spain in Montevideo (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Uruguay in Madrid (in Spanish)
- Consulate-General of Uruguay in Barcelona (in Spanish)
- Consulate-General of Uruguay in Las Palmas (in Spanish)
- Consulate-General of Uruguay in Santiago de Compostela (in Spanish)
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