Spain in Flames
|Spain in Flames|
|Directed by||Helen van Dongen|
Spain in Flames is a 1937 compilation film made by Helen van Dongen during the Spanish Civil War. Hal Erickson has written that the film "... is remarkable in its willingness to offer both sides of the conflict -- though its sympathies are firmly with the Loyalists." The film consists of two parts. The first, "The Fight for Freedom", was based on film footage from a Spanish government documentary Spain and the Fight for Freedom.
The second part, "They Shalt Not Pass", was based on a short film No Pasaran! done by the Artkino Film Company of the Soviet Union, where van Dongen was working at the time the film was made. John Dos Passos narrated parts of the film, and the commentary was written by Dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway, Archibald MacLeish, and Prudencio de Pareda. Erickson writes that, "The horrendous images of battlefield carnage, not to mention the close-ups of suffering and dying Spanish children, still pack a wallop when seen today."
Later, Hemingway, Dos Passos, Lillian Hellman and others founded the company Contemporary Historians, which produced another film called The Spanish Earth (1937), directed by Joris Ivens and edited by van Dongen.
- Mastrangelo, Bob (10 November 2006). "Helen van Dongen Obituary". The Guardian.
- Erickson, Hal. "Spain in Flames". allmovie.com.
- Schoots, Hans (2000). Living Dangerously: a Biography of Joris Ivens. Amsterdam University Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-90-5356-433-2.
- Scott, Patrick; Bruccoli, Mathew J. (2002). "Hemingway:War in Spain and the Fifth Column". University of South Carolina. Webpages based on the catalog for the Speiser and Easterling-Hallman Collection of Ernest Hemingway at the University of South Carolina.
- Carr, Virginia Spencer (2004). Dos Passos: A Life. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 978-0-8101-2200-0. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Howard, Walter (26 March 1937). "Anthracite Reds". Wilkes-Barre Record. 2. p. 307. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Donaldson, Scott (2011). Fitzgerald and Hemingway: Works and Days. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14817-7. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Doherty, Thomas (2013). Hollywood and Hitler, 1933–1939. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-53514-4. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Vernon, Alex (2011). Hemingway’s Second War: Bearing Witness to the Spanish Civil War. University of Iowa Press. ISBN 978-1-58729-981-0. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
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