|Borough of Berlin|
|• Mayor||Helmut Kleebank (SPD)|
|• Total||91.91 km2 (35.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Spandau (pronounced [ˈʃpandaʊ̯]) is the fifth of the twelve boroughs (Bezirk) of Berlin. It is the fourth largest and westernmost borough, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and along the western bank of the Havel, but the least populated.
In the north it borders on the district of Oberhavel, in the west on the district of Havelland and the city of Potsdam in the federal state of Brandenburg. Modern industries include metal working, chemical and electrical factories. Since 1969, BMW manufactures motorcycles only in the motorcycle factory in Spandau. Spandau is famous for its Renaissance citadel. Spandau was the location of the notorious Spandau Prison until the prison was demolished in 1987. The British New Romantic band Spandau Ballet took their name from the Spandau borough in the British sector of former West Berlin.
The borough headquarters occupy Spandau Town Hall, built in 1913.
As of 2010, Spandau had a population of 223,962, of whom 62,000 (27%) had a migration background or were of non-German ethnicity.
|Percentage of people with migration background|
|Germans without migration background/Ethnic Germans||165,000 (73%)|
|Germans with migration background or foreign citizens||62,000 (27%)|
|Middle Eastern origin (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.)||20,400 (9%)|
|(non-German) EU-European migration background (esp. Poles, Romanians etc.)||13,600 (6%)|
|African background/Afro-Germans (Ghana, Nigeria, Kamerun etc.)||7,000 (3%)|
|Others (East Asians, Russians, Serbs etc.)||20,400 (9%)|
Spandau is divided into 9 localities:
At the 2011 elections for the parliament of the borough (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung) the following parties were elected:
- Bela B., musician, born December 14, 1962
- Robert Hoyzer, former football referee, born August 28, 1979
- Ivan Rebroff, singer, born July 31, 1931, died February 27, 2008 in Frankfurt
- Erna Sack, soprano, born February 6, 1898, died March 2, 1972 in Mainz
- Daniel F. Sotzmann, cartographer and land surveyor, born April 13, 1754, died August 3, 1840 in Berlin
- Henning Alexander von Kleist, Governor of the Spandau citatel, died there in 1784.
- Luton, United Kingdom since 1950
- Siegen, Germany since 1952
- Asnières-sur-Seine, France since 1959
- Ashdod, Israel since 1968
- Boca Raton, Florida, United States 1979 until May 2003
- Iznik, Turkey since 1987
- Nauen, Germany since 1988
- Berlin Spandau – Charlottenburg North (electoral district)
- "Unterwegs in Spandau": Sehenswürdigkeiten, News, Veranstaltungshinweise und Berichte aus Spandau
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spandau.|