Spaniards in the United Kingdom

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Spaniards in the United Kingdom
Españoles en el Reino Unido
Total population
Spanish-born population
84,795 (2011 Census)
125,000 (2015 ONS estimate)
Citizens registered with Spanish consulate
102,498 (2016)
Regions with significant populations
West London (Kensington, Chelsea, Lambeth, Holborn), Bristol, Nottingham, Cambridge
Languages
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
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Spaniards
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Diaspora
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Spaniards in the United Kingdom are people of Spanish descent resident in Britain. They may be British citizens or non-citizen immigrants.

History[edit]

Spaniards have migrated to Britain since the Middle Ages. Spanish and English nobility and royalty intermarried on numerous occasions, a notable example is found in King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, parents of King Edward II. In 1501, Catherine of Aragon came to London aged 15. After the early death of her first husband, she became Henry VIII’s first wife. Their daughter, Mary Tudor attempted to re-introduce Catholicism as the state religion during her own reign and married Philip II of Spain. Both women at that time brought the influence of Spanish culture to the royal court.[1]

Demographics[edit]

The 2001 UK Census recorded 54,482 Spanish-born people.[2] 54,105 of these were resident in Great Britain (that is, the UK excluding Northern Ireland).[3] The equivalent figure in the 1991 Census was 38,606.[3] The census tracts with the highest numbers of Spanish-born residents in 2001 were Kensington, Regent's Park and Chelsea, all in west London.[3] The 2011 UK Census recorded 77,554 Spanish-born residents in England, 1,630 in Wales,[4] 4,908 in Scotland[5] and 703 in Northern Ireland.[6] According to Instituto Nacional de Estadística statistics, the number of Spanish citizens registered with the Spanish consulate in the UK was 102,498 as of 1 January 2016.[7] The Office for National Statistics estimates that the Spanish-born population of the UK was 125,000 in 2015.[8]

Economics[edit]

According to analysis by the Institute for Public Policy Research, 71.22 per cent of recent Spanish immigrants to the UK of working age are employed as opposed to unemployed or inactive (which includes students), compared to 73.49 per cent of British-born people. 15.05 per cent of recent Spanish-born immigrants are low earners, defined as having an income of less than £149.20 per week (compared to 21.08 per cent of British-born people), and 2.15 per cent are high earners, earning more than £750 per week (compared to 6.98 per cent of British-born people). Amongst settled Spanish-born immigrants, 71.48 per cent are employed, with 23.44 per cent being low earners and 7.81 per cent high earners.[9]

Education[edit]

There is a Spanish school in London, Instituto Español Vicente Cañada Blanch.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spanish London". Museum of London. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  2. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  3. ^ a b c "Born abroad: Spain". BBC News. 2005-09-07. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  4. ^ "2011 Census: Country of birth (expanded), regions in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Country of birth (detailed)" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Country of Birth – Full Detail: QS206NI". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Fonseca, Diego (17 March 2016). "Number of Spaniards residing abroad up 56.6% from 2009". El País. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2015 to December 2015". Office for National Statistics. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2017.  Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
  9. ^ "How different immigrant groups perform". BBC News. 2005-09-07. Retrieved 2009-07-30.