Copa del Rey

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Copa del Rey
Copa del Rey logo since 2012.png
Founded1903
Region Spain
Number of teams83
Qualifier forUEFA Europa League
Domestic cup(s)Supercopa de España
Current championsBarcelona (30th title)
Most successful club(s)Barcelona (30 titles)
Television broadcastersList of broadcasters
Websiterfef.es
2018–19 Copa del Rey

The Campeonato de España–Copa de Su Majestad el Rey,[a] commonly known as Copa del Rey[b] or simply La Copa,[c] is an annual knockout football competition in Spanish football, organizded by the Royal Spanish Football Federation.

The competition was founded in 1903, thus making it the oldest Spanish football competition. Copa del Rey winners qualify for the following season's UEFA Europa League. If they have already qualified for Europe through their league position, then the Europa League spot is given to the highest-place team in the league who has not yet qualified.

Barcelona are the current cup holders, winning their fourth consecutive and 30th overall title against Sevilla in the 2018 final held at the Wanda Metropolitano.

History[edit]

In 1902, a competition under the name Copa de la Coronación, was played after Carlos Padrós, later president of Real Madrid, suggested a football tournament to celebrate the coronation of Spanish King Alfonso XIII. Four other teams joined Madrid FC for the competition: FC Barcelona, Club Español de Foot-Ball, New Foot-Ball de Madrid and Club Bizcaya (a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC) which eventually defeated Barcelona in the final. That cup is on display in the Athletic Bilbao museum and the club includes the victory in its honours list. Nevertheless, it is considered only the forerunner of the Copa del Rey. The Royal Spanish Football Federation officially does not recognize it.[1][2]

Copa del Rey was Spain's football National Championship from 1903[3] until the foundation of the Campeonato de Liga — League Championship — in 1928. It was initially known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Madrid City Council's Cup). Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII (His Majesty King Alfonso XIII's Cup). During the Second Spanish Republic, it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la República (President of the Republic Cup) or Copa de España (Spanish Cup) and during the years of Francisco Franco's Spanish State, it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El Generalísimo or Copa del Generalísimo (His Excellency, The Supreme General's Cup).[3] Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Español de Madrid failed to show up. In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Unión Española de Clubs de Fútbol and the Federación Española de Fútbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, clubs in the Republican area of Spain entered the Copa de la España Libre, with Levante beating their city rivals Valencia 1–0 in the final. (Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged Royal Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante,[4] the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet.)[5]

Because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition, the statistics regarding the leading winners are also disputed. Barcelona have won the Copa 30 times; Athletic Bilbao are just behind, with either 24 or 23 titles, depending on the source. Throughout the history of the competition, there have been 12 actual trophies. Trophies have been permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition either three times in a row or on five separate occasions and for other special reasons. Thus, five trophies have been permanently awarded to Barcelona, three to Bilbao and one to Real Madrid. Athletic Bilbao kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del Generalísimo in 1939 and Atlético Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Francisco Franco. In December 2010, the cup was given to Sevilla, the 2010 winners, to keep in honour of Spain's World Cup victory.[6]

Before the formation of La Liga in 1929, the competition was effectively a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Unlike the English FA Cup, entry is limited. Only teams from the Primera División, Segunda A, about 23 teams from the Segunda B and the Tercera División champions (or runners-up if the champion is a reserve team) are invited to enter. The early rounds are one-off games with teams from the lower divisions given home advantage. The round of 32, the round of 16, the quarter-finals, and semi-finals are played over two legs. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue. The winners qualify for both the Supercopa de España and the UEFA Europa League the following season.

Trophy[edit]

On 22 December 2010, at an extraordinary general meeting of the Royal Spanish Football Federation, Sevilla FC requested permission from the Federation to keep the trophy they had won in the 2010 final to commemorate the victory of the Spanish national team at the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. There had been a precedent for this; Real Madrid were allowed to keep the last Copa de la República (1936), Sevilla, the first Copa del Generalísimo (1939) and, Atlético Madrid, the last Copa del Generalísimo (1976).

A new trophy was made by Madrid jeweller Federico Alegre. The trophy, made of silver, weighs 15 kg (33 lb) and is 75 cm (30 in) tall. On 21 April 2011, Real Madrid became the first recipients of the trophy. During the post-game celebrations, the trophy was accidentally dropped at Plaza de Cibeles by Real Madrid player Sergio Ramos from the top of a double-decker bus, which then ran over it. Ten pieces were found by civil servicemen when they recovered it from the ground. The club received a copy which is displayed at Santiago Bernabéu.[7][8]

List of finals[edit]

Key
dagger Match was won during extra time
* Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
& Match was won after a replay
Season Winner Score Runner-up Location Attendance
1903 Athletic Bilbao 3–2 Madrid FC Hipódromo, Madrid
1904 Athletic Bilbao Not played[A] Español de Madrid Tiro del Pichón, Madrid
1905 Madrid FC 1–0 Athletic Bilbao Tiro del Pichón, Madrid
1906 Madrid FC 4–1 Athletic Bilbao Hipódromo, Madrid
1907 Madrid FC 1–0 Bizcaya Hipódromo, Madrid 6,000
1908 Madrid FC 2–1 Real Vigo Sporting O'Donnell, Madrid 4,000
1909 Real Sociedad 3–1 Español de Madrid O'Donnell, Madrid
1910 FEF Barcelona 3–2 Español de Madrid Tiro del Pichón, Madrid
1910 UECF Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Real Sociedad Ondarreta, San Sebastián
1911 Athletic Bilbao 3–1 Español Josaleta, Getxo
1912 Barcelona 2–0 Gimnástica La Industria, Barcelona
1913 FEF Racing de Irún 1–0&[B] Athletic Bilbao O'Donnell, Madrid
1913 UECF Barcelona 2–1&[C] Real Sociedad La Industria, Barcelona
1914 Athletic Bilbao 2–1 Espanya Costorbe, Irún
1915 Athletic Bilbao 5–0 Español Amute, Irún 5,000
1916 Athletic Bilbao 4–0 Madrid FC La Industria, Barcelona 6,000
1917 Madrid FC 2–1&[D] Arenas La Industria, Barcelona 7,000
1918 Real Unión 2–0 Madrid FC O'Donnell, Madrid
1919 Arenas 5–2dagger Barcelona Martínez Campos, Madrid
1920 Barcelona 2–0 Athletic Bilbao El Molinón, Gijón 10,000
1921 Athletic Bilbao 4–1 Atlético Madrid San Mamés, Bilbao 15,000
1922 Barcelona 5–1 Real Unión Coia, Vigo 12,000
1923 Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Europa Les Corts, Barcelona 30,000
1924 Real Unión 1–0 Real Madrid Atotxa, San Sebastián
1925 Barcelona 2–0 Arenas Reina Victoria, Sevilla 6,000
1926 Barcelona 3–2dagger Atlético Madrid Mestalla, Valencia 17,000
1927 Real Unión 1–0dagger Arenas Torrero, Zaragoza 16,000
1928 Barcelona 3–1&[E] Real Sociedad El Sardinero, Santander 18,000
1928–29 RCD Español 2–1 Real Madrid Mestalla, Valencia 25,000
1930 Athletic Bilbao 3–2dagger Real Madrid Montjuïc, Barcelona 63,000
1931 Athletic Bilbao 3–1 Betis Chamartín, Madrid 20,000
1932 Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Barcelona Chamartín, Madrid 25,000
1933 Athletic Bilbao 2–1 Real Madrid Montjuïc, Barcelona 60,000
1934 Madrid 2–1 Valencia Montjuïc, Barcelona 46,000
1935 Sevilla 3–0 Sabadell Chamartín, Madrid 15,000
1936 Madrid 2–1 Barcelona Mestalla, Valencia 22,000
1936–1939
Not played due to Spanish Civil War.
1939 Sevilla 6–2 Racing de Ferrol Montjuïc, Barcelona 60,000
1940 Español 3–2dagger Real Madrid Campo de Vallecas, Madrid 20,000
1941 Valencia 3–1 Español Chamartín, Madrid 23,000
1942 Barcelona 4–3dagger Atlético Bilbao Chamartín, Madrid 30,000
1943 Atlético Bilbao 1–0dagger Real Madrid Estadio Metropolitano, Madrid 50,000
1944 Atlético Bilbao 2–0 Valencia Montjuïc, Barcelona 65,000
1944–45 Atlético Bilbao 3–2 Valencia Montjuïc, Barcelona 55,000
1946 Real Madrid 3–1 Valencia Montjuïc, Barcelona 60,000
1947 Real Madrid 2–0dagger Español Riazor, A Coruña 30,000
1947–48 Sevilla 4–1 Celta Vigo Chamartín, Madrid 55,000
1948–49 Valencia 1–0 Atlético Bilbao Chamartín, Madrid 70,000
1949–50 Athletic Bilbao 4–1dagger Valladolid Chamartín, Madrid 80,000
1951 Barcelona 3–0 Real Sociedad Chamartín, Madrid 75,000
1952 Barcelona 4–2dagger Valencia Chamartín, Madrid 80,000
1952–53 Barcelona 2–1 Atlético Bilbao Chamartín, Madrid 67,145
1954 Valencia 3–0 Barcelona Chamartín, Madrid 110,000
1955 Atlético Bilbao 1–0 Sevilla Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1956 Atlético Bilbao 2–1 Atlético Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 125,000
1957 Barcelona 1–0 Español Montjuïc, Barcelona 75,000
1958 Atlético Bilbao 2–0 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1958–59 Barcelona 4–1 Granada Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 90,000
1959–60 Atlético Madrid 3–1 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1960–61 Atlético Madrid 3–2 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 120,000
1961–62 Real Madrid 2–1 Sevilla Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 90,000
1962–63 Barcelona 3–1 Zaragoza Camp Nou, Barcelona 90,000
1963–64 Zaragoza 2–1 Atlético Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 75,000
1964–65 Atlético Madrid 1–0 Zaragoza Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 90,000
1965–66 Zaragoza 2–0 Atlético Bilbao Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 95,000
1966–67 Valencia 2–1 Atlético Bilbao Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1967–68 Barcelona 1–0 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1969 Atlético Bilbao 1–0 Elche Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 120,000
1969–70 Real Madrid 3–1 Valencia Camp Nou, Barcelona 80,000
1970–71 Barcelona 4–3dagger Valencia Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1971–72 Atlético Madrid 2–1 Valencia Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1972–73 Athletic Bilbao 2–0 Castellón Vicente Calderón, Madrid 64,200
1973–74 Real Madrid 4–0 Barcelona Vicente Calderón, Madrid 48,000
1974–75 Real Madrid 0–0*[F] Atlético Madrid Vicente Calderón, Madrid 60,000
1975–76 Atlético Madrid 1–0 Zaragoza Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 80,000
1976–77 Betis 2–2*[G] Athletic Bilbao Vicente Calderón, Madrid 70,000
1977–78 Barcelona 3–1 Las Palmas Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 60,000
1978–79 Valencia 2–0 Real Madrid Vicente Calderón, Madrid 70,000
1979–80 Real Madrid 6–1 Castilla‡‡ Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 65,000
1980–81 Barcelona 3–1 Sporting Gijón Vicente Calderón, Madrid 50,000
1981–82 Real Madrid 2–1 Sporting Gijón José Zorrilla, Valladolid 30,000
1982–83 Barcelona 2–1 Real Madrid La Romareda, Zaragoza 35,000
1983–84 Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Barcelona Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 100,000
1984–85 Atlético Madrid 2–1 Athletic Bilbao Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 85,000
1985–86 Zaragoza 1–0 Barcelona Vicente Calderón, Madrid 45,000
1986–87 Real Sociedad 2–2*[H] Atlético Madrid La Romareda, Zaragoza 37,000
1987–88 Barcelona 1–0 Real Sociedad Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 70,000
1988–89 Real Madrid 1–0 Valladolid Vicente Calderón, Madrid 30,000
1989–90 Barcelona 2–0 Real Madrid Luis Casanova, Valencia 44,240
1990–91 Atlético Madrid 1–0dagger Mallorca Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 60,000
1991–92 Atlético Madrid 2–0 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 70,000
1992–93 Real Madrid 2–0 Zaragoza Luis Casanova, Valencia 42,000
1993–94 Zaragoza 0–0*[I] Celta Vigo Vicente Calderón, Madrid 60,000
1994–95 Deportivo La Coruña 2–1[J] Valencia Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 95,000
1995–96 Atlético Madrid 1–0dagger Barcelona La Romareda, Zaragoza 37,000
1996–97 Barcelona 3–2dagger Betis Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 82,498
1997–98 Barcelona 1–1*[K] Mallorca Mestalla, Valencia 54,000
1998–99 Valencia 3–0 Atlético Madrid La Cartuja, Seville 45,000
1999–2000 Espanyol 2–1 Atlético Madrid Mestalla, Valencia 55,000
2000–01 Zaragoza 3–1 Celta Vigo La Cartuja, Seville 38,000
2001–02 Deportivo La Coruña 2–1 Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 75,000
2002–03 Mallorca 3–0 Recreativo Martínez Valero, Elche 35,000
2003–04 Zaragoza 3–2dagger Real Madrid Lluís Companys, Barcelona 54,000
2004–05 Betis 2–1dagger Osasuna Vicente Calderón, Madrid 55,000
2005–06 Espanyol 4–1 Zaragoza Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 78,000
2006–07 Sevilla 1–0 Getafe Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 80,000
2007–08 Valencia 3–1 Getafe Vicente Calderón, Madrid 54,000
2008–09 Barcelona 4–1 Athletic Bilbao Mestalla, Valencia 50,000
2009–10 Sevilla 2–0 Atlético Madrid Camp Nou, Barcelona 93,000
2010–11 Real Madrid 1–0dagger Barcelona Mestalla, Valencia 55,000
2011–12 Barcelona 3–0 Athletic Bilbao Vicente Calderón, Madrid 54,850
2012–13 Atlético Madrid 2–1dagger Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid 80,000
2013–14 Real Madrid 2–1 Barcelona Mestalla, Valencia 52,953
2014–15 Barcelona 3–1 Athletic Bilbao Camp Nou, Barcelona 99,354
2015–16 Barcelona 2–0dagger Sevilla Vicente Calderón, Madrid 54,907
2016–17 Barcelona 3–1 Alavés Vicente Calderón, Madrid 45,000
2017–18 Barcelona 5–0 Sevilla Wanda Metropolitano, Madrid 62,623

‡‡ Real Madrid's reserve team. Reserve teams were banned for this competition for the first time in the 1990–91 competition.

Performances[edit]

Club Winners Last Final Won Runners-up Last Final Lost
Barcelona
30
2018
10
2014
Athletic Bilbao
23
1984
14
2015
Real Madrid
19
2014
20
2013
Atlético Madrid
10
2013
9
2010
Valencia
7
2008
9
1995
Zaragoza
6
2004
5
2006
Sevilla
5
2010
4
2018
Espanyol
4
2006
5
1957
Real Unión
4
1927
1
1922
Real Sociedad
2
1987
5
1988
Real Betis
2
2005
2
1997
Deportivo La Coruña
2
2002
Arenas
1
1919
3
1927
Mallorca
1
2003
2
1998
Celta Vigo
3
2001
Español de Madrid
3
1910
Getafe
2
2008
Valladolid
2
1989
Sporting de Gijón
2
1982
Alavés
1
2017
Osasuna
1
2005
Recreativo
1
2003
Real Madrid Castilla‡‡
1
1980
Las Palmas
1
1978
Castellón
1
1973
Elche
1
1969
Granada
1
1959
Racing de Ferrol
1
1939
Sabadell
1
1935
Europa
1
1923
Espanya
1
1914
Gimnástica
1
1912
Real Vigo Sporting
1
1908
Bizcaya
1
1907

‡ Counting the 1913 win by Racing de Irún, which merged with Irún Sporting Club in 1915 to form Real Unión.
‡‡ Real Madrid's reserve team. Reserve teams were banned for this competition for first time in the 1990–91 competition.
‡‡‡ The number of wins Athletic Bilbao have been credited with is disputed. The 1902 version was won by Bizcaya, a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC. In 1903 these two clubs merged as the current Athletic Club. The 1902 cup is on display in the Athletic museum and the club includes it in its own honors list.[9]

Top goalscorers[edit]

Bold indicates an active player.

Rank Nat Name Pos Years Team Total
1 Spain Telmo Zarra FW 1939–1957 Athletic Bilbao (81) 81[10]
2 Spain Josep Samitier MF 1919–1934 Barcelona (65), Real Madrid (5) 70[11]
3 Spain Guillermo Gorostiza FW 1929–1946 Athletic Bilbao (37), Valencia (25) 62[12]
4 Spain Quini FW 1968–1987 Sporting Gijón (38), Barcelona (17) 55
5 Spain Edmundo Suárez FW 1939–1950 Valencia (52) 52[13]
6 Hungary Spain Ferenc Puskás FW 1958–1966 Real Madrid (49) 49[14]
Czechoslovakia Hungary Spain László Kubala FW 1951–1965 Barcelona (49) 49
8 Spain Santillana FW 1970–1988 Real Madrid (48) 48[15]
Argentina Lionel Messi FW 2004– Barcelona (48) 48
10 Spain César Rodríguez Álvarez FW 1939–1960 Granada (3), Barcelona (36), Elche (8) 47

Club name changes[edit]

Other Copas del Rey[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Spanish pronunciation: [kampeonato de esˈpaɲa–ˈkopa de su maxestað el ˈrei]; "Championship of Spain–His Majesty King's Cup"
  2. ^ Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkopa ðel ˈrei]; "The King's Cup"
  3. ^ Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈkopa]; "The Cup"

A. ^ On route to the final, Español de Madrid had tied one game and had not completed the other game, which led Athletic to file a complaint. Faced with this problem and unable to quickly solve the case, the Madrid Association decided to award the cup to Athletic as defending champions.

B. ^ The first final, played the day earlier, ended 2–2 after extra time.

C. ^ Originally played as a two-legged final. The first match, played seven days earlier, ended 2–2, and the second match, played six days earlier, ended 0–0.

D. ^ The first final, played two days earlier, ended 0–0 after extra time.

E. ^ The first and second final ended 1–1 after extra time. Both matches were played a month before the second replay.

F. ^ Real Madrid won the penalty shoot-out 4–3.

G. ^ Betis won the penalty shoot-out 8–7.

H. ^ Real Sociedad won the penalty shoot-out 4–2.

I. ^ Zaragoza won the penalty shoot-out 5–4.

J. ^ The match was suspended by heavy rain and hail in the 79th minute, and was resumed three days later.

K. ^ Barcelona won the penalty shoot-out 5–4.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spain – Cup 1902". www.rsssf.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010.
  2. ^ "La FEF no reconocerá al Barça la Liga del año 37" [The FEF will not recognize Barça's League in 1937]. Diario AS (in Spanish). 3 April 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Palmarés". Diario Marca. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  4. ^ "El Levante, a un paso de la Copa... de 1937". El Pais.
  5. ^ "Trophy Villar Cup delay Levante". www.levante-emv.com (News Sports). Retrieved 4 March 2008.
  6. ^ "El Sevilla se queda en propiedad con la Copa del Rey gracias a España". MARCA.COM. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  7. ^ "La Copa 'suplente' ya está en la sala de trofeos del Bernabéu". MARCA.COM. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  8. ^ Tremlett, Giles (21 April 2011). "Real Madrid player Sergio Ramos drops Spanish cup under a bus". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  9. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tabless/spancup1902.html
  10. ^ Athletic Club. "Athletic Club". athletic-club.eus. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  11. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha Josep SAMITIER Vilalta". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  12. ^ Athletic Club. "Athletic Club". athletic-club.eus. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  13. ^ Redacción Ciberche. "Estadisticas de todos los jugadores del Valencia CF". ciberche.net. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  14. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha Ferenç PUSKAS Biro". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  15. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha Carlos Alonso González "SANTILLANA"". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015.

External links[edit]