Spanish Gothic architecture
Spanish Gothic architecture is the style of architecture prevalent in Spain in the Late Medieval period.
The Gothic style started in Spain as a result of Central European influence in the twelfth century when late Romanesque alternated with few expressions of pure Gothic architecture. The High Gothic arrives with all its strength via the pilgrimage route, the Way of Saint James, in the thirteenth century. Some of the most pure Gothic cathedrals in Spain, closest related to the German and French Gothic, were built at this time.
The Gothic style was sometimes adopted by the Mudéjar architects, who created a hybrid style, employing European techniques and Spanish-Arab decorations. The most important post−thirteenth-century Gothic styles in Spain are the Levantino, characterized by its structural achievements and the unification of space, and the Isabelline Gothic, under the Catholic Monarchs, that predicated a slow transition to Renaissance style architecture.
Sequence of Gothic styles in Spain
The designations of styles in Spanish Gothic architecture are as follows. Dates are approximate.
- Early Gothic (12th century)
- High Gothic (13th century)
- Mudéjar Gothic (from the 13th to the 15th centuries)
- Levantino Gothic (14th century)
- Valencian Gothic (14th and 15th century)
- Catalan Gothic
- Flamboyant/Late Gothic (15th century)
- Isabelline Gothic (15th century)
- Cathedral of Ávila
- Cathedral of Cuenca
- Cathedral of Sigüenza
- Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas in Burgos
- Cathedral of Burgos
- Cathedral of Burgo de Osma
- Cathedral of León
- Cathedral of Toledo
- Palace of the Kings of Navarre in Olite
- San Pablo Church, Valladolid
- Valencia Cathedral
- Lonja de la Seda, in Valencia
- Torres de Serranos
- Palace of the Borgias
- Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba, in Alfauir.
- Monastery of Santa María de la Valldigna, in Simat de la Valldigna.
- Basilica of Santa Maria, in Alicante.
- Orihuela Cathedral, in Orihuela.
- Castelló Cathedral and El Fadrí, in Castellón de la Plana
- Segorbe Cathedral in Segorbe.
- Santa Maria del Mar of Barcelona
- Barcelona Royal Shipyard
- Royal Palace in Barcelona
- Cathedral of Girona
- Cathedral of Oviedo
- Cathedral of Sevilla
- Cathedral of Segovia
- Chapel of the Condestable, Cathedral of Burgos
- New Cathedral in Salamanca
- Saint John of The Kings in Toledo
- Royal Chapel of Granada
- Colegio de San Gregorio in Valladolid
- Palace of Infantado in Guadalajara
- Palace of Jabalquinto in Baeza, Jaén
- San Pablo Church in Valladolid
Modern Spanish Gothic
Saint John of The Kings in Toledo
15th-century Gothic reredos in Tarragona Cathedral
Torre de las Tres Coronas of the Palace of the Kings of Navarre of Olite