Spanish National Orchestra

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The Orquesta Nacional de España (Spanish National Orchestra) is a Spanish orchestra based in Madrid.


Although the orchestra originated as of 1937, during the Spanish Civil War,[1] it was legally founded in 1940,[2] by the merging of Pérez Casas' Filarmónica and the Orquesta Sinfónica of Enrique Fernández Arbós.

The first official concert of the newly founded orchestra was in March 1941 at the Teatro María Guerrero in Madrid, conducted by the Portuguese conductor Pedro de Freitas Branco (1896–1963). The principal conductors of the first years of the orchestra were Ernesto Halffter, José María Franco, Enrique Jordá, Eduard Toldrà and Jesús Arámbarri, until the designation of the first principal conductor of the orchestra, Bartolomé Pérez Casas. After the death of Pérez Casas, the new principal conductor was Ataúlfo Argenta, who was in the orchestra from 1945 as the keyboard instruments player.[2]

In 2014, David Afkham became principal conductor of the orchestra.[3] In February 2019, the orchestra announced the elevation of Afkham's title to chief conductor and artistic director, effective with the 2019-2020 season.[4] In January 2023, the orchestra announced an extension of Afkham's contract through September 2026.[5]

Principal conductors[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Orquesta Nacional de Espana OCNE". Askonas Holt. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  2. ^ a b Luis Mario Fraile. "Orquestas en España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  3. ^ Amón, Rubén (16 February 2015). "David Afkham: 'La cultura es nuestra identidad". El Mundo (in Spanish). Unidad Editorial Información General S.L.U. Retrieved 2023-01-18.
  4. ^ "David Afkham appointed Chief Conductor & Artistic Director of Orquestra y Coro Nacional de España" (Press release). Askonas Holt. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 2023-01-18.
  5. ^ "David Afkham seguirá al frente de la Orquesta y Coro Nacionales de España" (Press release). Orquestra y Coro Nacional de España. 10 January 2023. Retrieved 2023-01-18.

External links[edit]