Spanish Virgin Islands
|Spanish: Islas Vírgenes de Puerto Rico / Islas Vírgenes Españolas|
|Adjacent bodies of water||Caribbean sea|
|Area||378.2 km2 (146.0 sq mi)|
|Municipality||Culebra and Vieques|
|Largest settlement||Isabel Segunda (pop. 1459)|
|Pop. density||29.27 /km2 (75.81 /sq mi)|
The Spanish Virgin Islands, formerly called the Passage Islands and also known as the Puerto Rican Virgin Islands, primarily consisting of the islands of Culebra and Vieques, are part of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and are located east of the main island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean.
Puerto Rican tourist literature uses the name Spanish Virgin Islands, but most general maps and atlases do not treat these islands as part of the Virgin Islands archipelago. As part of Puerto Rico, the Passage Islands are part of a territory of the United States, and they belonged to Spain before the Spanish–American War in 1898. Spanish remains the predominant language, although English is also common.
The principal islands of the group are Culebra and Vieques, with multiple associated smaller islands and islets. Other islands that are close to the shore of Puerto Rico include: Icacos Island, Cayo Lobo, Cayo Diablo, Palomino Island, Palominito Island, Isla de Ramos, Isla Pineiro, Cayo Lobo. Near Culebra there is Cayo de Luis Pena (named after the second owner).
Flora and fauna
The fauna in the Spanish Virgin Islands is not very diverse.
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. "Culebra National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 14, 2006. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. "Vieques National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2006. Retrieved March 7, 2007.