Spanish general election, 1907

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Spanish general election, 1907
Spain
← 1905 21 April–5 May 1907 1910 →

All 404 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 180 (of 360) seats in the Senate
203 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Registered 4,480,064–4,579,114
Turnout 3,071,142 (67.1–68.6%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Antonio Maura 1917 (cropped).jpg Antonio Aguilar 1904 (cropped).jpg Enric Prat de la Riba 1911 (cropped).jpg
Leader Antonio Maura Antonio Aguilar Enric Prat de la Riba
Party Conservative Liberal SC
Leader since 1905 1906 1906
Leader's seat Balearic Islands (Palma) Pontevedra (Estrada) None
Last election 107 seats 223 seats 18 seats
Seats won 249 73 40
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg142 Red Arrow Down.svg150 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg22
Popular vote 1,842,634 544,940 213,352
Percentage 60.0% 17.7% 6.9%

Prime Minister before election

Antonio Maura
Conservative

Elected Prime Minister

Antonio Maura
Conservative

The 1907 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 21 April and on Sunday, 5 May 1907, to elect the 13th Restoration Cortes of the Kingdom of Spain. All 404 seats in the Congress of Deputies were up for election, as well as 180 of 360 seats in the Senate.[1]

Overview[edit]

The Spanish legislature, the Cortes, was composed of two chambers at the time of the 1907 election:

This was a nearly perfect bicameral system, with the two chambers established as "co-legislative bodies". Both chambers had legislative, control and budgetary functions, sharing equal powers except for laws on contributions or public credit, where the Congress had preeminence.[2]

The Spanish Constitution of 1876 enshrined Spain as a constitutional monarchy, awarding the King power to name senators and to revoke laws, as well as the title of commander-in-chief of the army. The King would also play a key role in the system of the turno pacífico (Spanish for "Peaceful Turn") by appointing and toppling governments and allowing the opposition to take power. Under this system, the Conservative and Liberal parties alternated in power by means of election rigging, which they achieved through the encasillado, using the links between the Ministry of the Interior, the provincial civil governors, and the local bosses (caciques) to ensure victory and exclude minor parties from the power sharing.

Electoral system[edit]

For the Congress of Deputies, 91 seats were allocated to 26 multi-member constituencies and awarded using a partial block voting, with the remaining 313 awarded under a first-past-the-post system in single-member districts. Instead of voting for parties, electors would vote for individual candidates. In districts electing more than one seat and up to four, electors could vote for one less candidate than seats to be filled; in those with more than four seats and up to eight, for up to two less; and for up to three less in multi-member constituencies electing eight seats or more. Candidates winning a plurality of votes in each constituency were elected. The overall number of seats was determined by the population count, with one seat per each 50,000 inhabitants. Voting was on the basis of universal manhood suffrage, with males over twenty-five and at least a two-year residency in a municipality entitled to vote. Concurrently, secular males at least twenty-five years old and in the full enjoyment of all civil rights were eligible for the Congress.[3]

The Senate was not a directly elected body, with its 360 members being divided into three different classes:

The Constitution of 1876 provided for 180 elective senators and an equal number of senators for the other two classes combined. Elective senators served terms of ten years each, with their terms staggered so that approximately one-half of these seats were up for appointment every five years. The King could dissolve the entirety of the elective section of the Senate at will, triggering the appointment of the full contingent of elective senators.[4][5]

Results[edit]

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Most voted party by regions and provinces.
Summary of the 21 April 1907 Congress of Deputies election results
SpainCongressDiagram1907.svg
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Liberal Conservative Party (PLC)1 1,842,634 60.00 249 +142
Liberal Party (PL) 544,940 17.74 73 –150
Republican Union Party (PUR)4 163,156 5.31 13 –7
Monarchist Democratic Party (PDM) 81,417 2.65 New 9 +9
Traditionalist Communion (CT)1 4 53,547 1.74 8 +4
Independent Catholics (Cató.i) 4 +1
Autonomist Republican Union Party (PURA) New 2 +2
Integrist Party (PI)1 2 ±0
Anti-Solidarity Republicans (RAS) New 1 +1
Independent Republicans (Rep.i) New 1 +1
Independent Traditionalists (Trad.i) New 1 +1
Villaverdist Conservatives (V) New 0 –16
Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) 0 –7
Independents 1 –3
Total 3,071,142 100.00 404 ±0
Votes cast / turnout 3,071,142
Abstentions
Registered voters
Source: historiaelectoral.com
Seats
PLC
  
61.63%
PL
  
18.07%
SC
  
9.90%
PUR
  
3.22%
PDM
  
2.23%
CT
  
1.98%
Cató.i
  
0.99%
PURA
  
0.50%
PI
  
0.50%
RAS
  
0.25%
Rep.i
  
0.25%
Trad.i
  
0.25%
Independents
  
0.25%

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Real decreto declarando disueltos el Congreso de los Diputados y la parte electiva del Senado, de 30 de marzo de 1907" (PDF) (in Spanish). boe.es. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  2. ^ "El Senado en la historia constitucional española" (in Spanish). senado.es. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  3. ^ "Ley electoral, de 26 de junio de 1890" (PDF) (in Spanish). boe.es. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  4. ^ "Ley electoral de Senadores, de 8 de febrero de 1877" (PDF) (in Spanish). boe.es. Retrieved 2016-12-27. 
  5. ^ "Constitución de 1876" (PDF) (in Spanish). cepc.gob.es. Retrieved 2016-12-27. 

External links[edit]