Spanish jazz

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Jazz in Spain began with an interest in Dixieland or New Orleans jazz.[citation needed] In that time it evolved into other styles often influenced by visiting Americans. In 1947 Don Byas introduced Tete Montoliu to bebop and later efforts to fuse jazz with flamenco occurred. Catalan and Galician music is also an influence in some regions.

Still, jazz in Spain initially suffered from many difficulties. One example being that the cultural, political, and economic climate was unsuitable for the creativity and freedom required of a jazz movement. This predates Francisco Franco's regime to some extent, but his rule placed far more restraints on jazz, due in part to his regime's restrictions and in part due to Spain being isolated on various cultural fronts, preferring an inward-looking, more easily digested form of culture. Thus, a particularly fruitful period for jazz in general – the period spanning the 1940s, 1950s and the early 1960s – passed almost unnoticed in Spain. The return to democracy, and the development of the economy, has allowed for there to be an increased jazz scene in the last twenty years.[1]

One particular feature of live jazz in Spain is the multitudinous attendance at outdoor jazz festivals, the first of which, the Donostia-San Sebastian Jazz Festival dates back to 1966. It would not be until the mid-1970s, however, that major international figures would attend the festival, including, over the years, Charles Mingus, Tete Montoliu, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson, Dizzy Gillespie, Herbie Hancock, Lionel Hampton, John Lee Hooker, Sonny Rollins, B.B. King, Woody Herman, Freddie Hubbard, Weather Report, Gato Barbieri, Art Blakey, Mercer Ellington, McCoy Tyner, Chick Corea, Clark Terry, and Miles Davis.

The festival held in Vitoria-Gasteiz, set up in 1977, also attracts major international names.

In a related vein Spanish classical or folk music has been an influence on jazz musicians both inside and outside Spain. Concierto de Aranjuez by Joaquín Rodrigo has been interpreted by Miles Davis.

Jazz festivals[edit]

  • Festival de Jazz de Vitoria (Vitoria-Gasteiz)[2]
  • Festival de Jazz de San Sebastian (Donostia-San Sebastian)[3]
  • Festival de Jazz de Barcelona
  • Festival de Jazz de Terrassa (Terrassa)[4]
  • Festival de Jazz de Valencia (Mar-i-jazz)[5]
  • Festival de Jazz de Madrid
  • Festival Internacional de Jazz de Peñíscola (Castelló)
  • Festival de Jazz de San Javier

Jazz musicians in Spain[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Apoloybaco
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Alex Conde Website
  7. ^ Diego Amador's Website
  8. ^ Biography Archived 2006-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. All About Jazz
  9. ^ website Archived 2007-09-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ [5] Jazz Magazine
  11. ^ Biografías del Jazz: Carme Canela Archived 2007-04-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-04-30. Jazz Magazine
  13. ^ Alberto Conde website
  14. ^ Alberto Conde Tomajazz bio
  15. ^ Biography Biography Archived 2005-11-28 at the Wayback Machine. All About Jazz
  16. ^ NPR
  17. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  18. ^ Jose Luis Gamez's website
  19. ^ All About Jazz Archived 2008-02-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Tomajazz bio
  21. ^ Apoloybaco bio
  22. ^ bio Jazz Magazine
  23. ^ Tomajazz bio
  24. ^ CitizenJazz bio
  25. ^ Biography Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine. Jazz Magazine
  26. ^ Chick Corea's website
  27. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  28. ^ Biography All Music
  29. ^ Criss Cross Jazz
  30. ^ National Geographic World Music site
  31. ^ Perico Sambeat's website
  32. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  33. ^ Biography Archived 2013-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Apoloybaco
  34. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  35. ^ Biography Apoloybaco
  36. ^ Biography Tomajazz
  37. ^ Xavier Dotras
  38. ^ Igor Prochazka Trio

External links[edit]