Spanish mackerel

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Spanish mackerels
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Cero mackerel, Scomberomorus regalis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Family: Scombridae
Subfamily: Scombrinae
Tribe: Scomberomorini
Starks, 1910
Genera

Scomberomorini is a tribe of ray-finned saltwater bony fishes that is commonly known as the Spanish mackerels or seerfishes. This tribe is a subset of the mackerel family (Scombridae) – a family that it shares with three sister tribes, the tunas, mackerels, and bonitos, and the butterfly kingfish. Scomberomorini comprises 21 species across three genera.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The following cladogram shows the most likely evolutionary relationships between the Spanish mackerels and the tunas, mackerels, bonitos, and the butterfly kingfish.

The Spanish mackerels, in the family Scombridae

family Scombridae 

 subfamily

Gasterochismatinae 


genus Gasterochisma


 butterfly kingfish 






 subfamily

Scombrinae 





tribe Scombrini 



 mackerels (two genera)










tribe Scomberomorini 


 Spanish mackerels (three genera)







tribe Sardini 




 bonitos (four genera)







tribe Thunnini




 tunas  (five genera)












Cladogram showing the relationship of the tribe Scomberomorini with the rest of the family Scombridae.[2][3]

This tribe comprises 21 species in three genera:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scomberomorini". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  2. ^ Graham, Jeffrey B.; Dickson, Kathryn A. (2004). "Tuna Comparative Physiology" (PDF). The Journal of Experimental Biology. 207: 4015–4024. doi:10.1242/jeb.01267. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Orrell, T.M.; Collette, B.B; Johnson, G.D. (2006). "Molecular data support separate Scombroid and Xiphioid Clades" (PDF). Bulletin of Marine Science. 79 (3): 505–519. Retrieved 28 October 2012. [permanent dead link]