Spanish missions in Trinidad
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The Missionaries as They Came and Went
Spanish Missions in Trinidad were established as part of the Spanish colonisation of its new possessions. In 1687 the Catholic Catalan Capuchin friars were given responsibility for religious conversions of the indigenous Amerindian residents of Trinidad and the Guianas. In 1713 the missions were handed over to the secular clergy. Due to shortages of missionaries, although the missions were established they often went without Christian instruction for long periods of time.
Between 1687 and 1700 several missions were founded in Trinidad, but only four survived as Amerindian villages throughout the eighteenth century - La Anuncíata de Nazaret de Savana Grande (modern Princes Town), Purísima Concepción de María Santísima de Guayri (modern San Fernando), Santa Ana de Savaneta (modern Savonetta), Nuestra Señora de Montserrate (probably modern Mayo). The mission of Santa Rosa de Arima was established in 1789 when Amerindians from the former encomiendas of Tacarigua and Arauca (Arouca) were relocated further west.
List of Spanish Missions in Trinidad
- La Anuncíata de Nazaret de Savana Grande.
- Purísima Concepción de María Santísima de Guayri.
- Santa Ana de Savaneta.
- Nuestra Señora de Montserrate.
- San Francisco de los Arenales (site of the Arena massacre; traditionally said to be modern San Rafael).
- San Francisco de Careiro (probably modern Guayaguayare).
- St. Joseph de Mayaro (probably on Mayaro Bay, possibly the modern village of St. Joseph, Mayaro).
- Los Santos Reyes de Mucurapo (probably modern Port of Spain)
- Santa Rosa de Arima (modern Arima; see Santa Rosa Carib Community)
- Newson, Linda A. (1976). Aboriginal and Spanish colonial Trinidad: a study in culture contact. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-517450-0.
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