Spanish ship Juan Sebastián Elcano

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For the US Navy ship captured from the Spanish Navy, see USS Elcano (PG-38).
Elcano Pontevedra.
Elcano in Pontevedra
History
Spain
Name: Juan Sebastian Elcano
Namesake: Juan Sebastián Elcano
Operator: Spanish Navy
Ordered: 17 April, 1925
Builder: Echevarrieta y Larrinaga yard, Cadiz, Spain
Cost: 8,189,532,28 pesetas[1](49,220)[2]
Launched: 5 March, 1927
Commissioned: August, 1928
Maiden voyage: 19 April, 1928
Homeport: Cadiz, Spain
Status: Active
Notes: training ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 3673 tons
Length: 113 m (371 ft)
Beam: 13.11 m (43.0 ft)
Height: 48.5 m (159 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Sail plan: four-masted barquentine; 21 sails, total sail area of 2,870 m2 (30,900 sq ft)[3]
Speed:
  • max 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) engine
  • 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph) sail
Complement: 300 sailors, 90 midshipmen
Armament: 2 × 57 mm ceremonial gun mounts
Notes: Line art of Juan Sebastián de Elcano
Line art of Juan Sebastián de Elcano

Juan Sebastián de Elcano is a training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy. It is a four-masted topsail, steel-hulled barquentine (schooner barque). At 113 metres (371 ft) long, it is the third-largest tall ship in the world, and is the sailboat that has sailed the furthest, covering more than 2,000,000 nautical miles (3,700,000 km; 2,300,000 mi) in its history.

It is named after Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano, captain of Ferdinand Magellan's last exploratory fleet and the man to lead the first circumnavigation of the world. The ship also carries the Elcano coat of arms, which was granted to the family by Emperor Charles I following Elcano's return in 1522 from Magellan's global expedition. The coat of arms is a terraqueous globe with the motto "Primus Circumdedisti Me" (meaning: "First to circumnavigate me").

Build and design[edit]

'Juan Sebastián de Elcano' was built in 1927 in Cadiz, Spain, and its hull was designed by the naval architect Mr C E Nicholson of Camper and Nicholsons Ltd of Southampton. Constructed by Echevarrieta y Larrinaga shipyard[4] in Cadiz. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in April 1931 the ship became part of the Spanish Republican Navy.

In 1933 under Commander Salvador Moreno Fernández's order, a series of improvements were made to the ship and the bronze plate with the Latin language inscription Tu Primus Circumdedisti Me was placed near the prow. At the time of the coup of July 1936 Juan Sebastián Elcano was at Ferrol, a harbor that had been taken by the Nationalist faction. Its plans were used twenty-five years later to construct its Chilean sail training vessel sister ship Esmeralda in 1952-1954.

Maiden voyage[edit]

Its first voyage was sea testing between April and July that year from Cádiz to Malaga, with King Alfonso XIII on board as a passenger, and then on to Sevilla, Las Palmas, Tenerife, San Sebastián, Cádiz, São Vicente, Cape Verde, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Capetown, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sidney, Suva, San Francisco, California, Balboa, Panama, Havana, New York, Cádiz.[5]

Naval Commanders of Juan Sebastián Elcano[edit]

Commanders that have been in charge of Juan Sebastián Elcano for crossings and instruction.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Juan Sebastián Elcano" - Astilleroscadiz.buques.org
  2. ^ History summary of the ship Juan Sebastián de Elcano
  3. ^ Technical details
  4. ^ Sailing Ship Rigs and Rigging, H A Underhill, p.50
  5. ^ History summary of the ship Juan Sebastián de Elcano
  6. ^ Relación de Comandantes de J. S. de Elcano en sus cruceros de instrucción|autor. Ministerio de Defensa|fechaacceso