Spanish ship Monarca (1756)

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Spanish Navy EnsignSpain
Name: Monarca
Launched: 1756
Captured: 16 January 1780, by Royal Navy
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Monarca
Acquired: 16 January 1780
Fate: Sold, 1791
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: 68-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1911 tons (1941.7 tonnes)
Length: 174 ft 4½ in (53.1 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 10 in (12.4 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 7 in (6.3 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 68 guns of various weights of shot

Monarca was a 68-gun ship of the line of the Spanish Navy, launched in 1756.

She fought at the Battle of Cape St Vincent in 1780, in which she was captured by the Royal Navy and subsequently commissioned as the third rate HMS Monarca. She came under the command of Captain John Gell who was under the orders of Sir Samuel Hood to go to the West Indies. However, she was dismasted in a storm and obliged to return to Britain for refitting.[2]

She fought at the Battle of Cuddalore in 1783 and was sold out of the navy in 1791.


  1. ^ Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1. p182.
  2. ^ Hopton Catalogue,


  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line – Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.