Spanish ship Santísima Trinidad (1751)

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For other ships with the same name, see Spanish ship Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad.
History
Spanish Navy EnsignSpain
Name: Santísima Trinidad
Builder: Bagatao Shipyards
Launched: April 30, 1751
Captured: September 30, 1762, by Royal Navy
Fate: Sold 1763
General characteristics
Class and type: 70-gun Galleon
Tons burthen: 4,409 tons (2,000 tonnes)
Length: 167 ft 6 in (51.05 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 50 ft 6 in (15.39 m)
Draught: 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 413
Armament: 70 guns of various weights of shot

The Santísima Trinidad was a galleon destined for merchant shipping between the Philippines and México. She was one of the largest of the Manila galleons; officially named Santísima Trinidad y Nuestra Señora del Buen Fin, and was familiarly known as The Mighty (Spanish: El Poderoso). She is not to be confused with the Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad, the biggest warship in the world in its time, which sank at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

Construction[edit]

Armed with 60 guns, she was laid in Bagatao Island shipyard (Real Astillero) Sorsogon in 1751 with a carrying capacity of 2,000 tons. With a length of 167 feet and a beam of 50 feet, she was "one of the largest galleons ever built in the Philippines," able to carry 5,068 crates of cargo.[1]:213 Orders came from the Governor-General of the Philippines Don Francisco José de Ovando, 1st Marquis of Brindisi. Her large volume and some construction errors made modifications necessary in 1757 to reduce her displacement.

Capture[edit]

Further information: Action of 2 October 1762

On 3 Sept. 1762 she departed from Cavite towards Acapulco, but due to a severe storm near the Marianas, she lost a mast. The captain decided to return to the Philippines for repair, unaware that Manila had fallen into British hands after the Battle of Manila.[1]

The ship was intercepted by Edgar Class fourth-rate 60-gun HMS Panther under captain Hyde Parker and the Coventry Class sixth-rate HMS Argo of 28 guns under Richard King. Panther opened fire, but did little damage to her thick wooden hull and caused few casualties. Nevertheless the disheartened crew of the Santísima Trinidad decided to surrender. On board was cargo valued at $1.5 million dollars, besides the value of the ship at $3 million. Previously, the Filipina had been captured with her cargo of American silver from Acapulco.[2]

The ship was taken to Portsmouth, where her sale earned the two captains 30,000 pounds, a fortune at that time. It is not known what happened to the ship after the sale but she was probably scrapped.

Additional information[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fish, Shirley (2011). The Manila-Acapulco Galleons: The Treasure Ships of the Pacific. AuthorHouse. p. 216. ISBN 9781456775421. 
  2. ^ Tracy, Nicholas (1995). Manila Ransomed. University of Exeter Press. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0859894266. 

Sources[edit]

  • Marley, David F (1991). The Last Manila Galleon. Warship 1991. London, UK: Conway Maritime Press. 
  • Silos Rodríguez, José María. "Viaje de 1755 del Galeón "Santísima Trinidad"". Todo a Babor (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  • Schurz, William Lytle (1985). The Manila Galleon. Manila, Philippines: Historical Conservation Society.