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|Products||Grocery stores, convenience stores, discount stores, hypermarkets and more|
|Revenue||€33 billion (2015) |
Spar, trademarked as SPAR, is a Dutch multinational retail chain and franchise brand with approximately 12,500 stores in 42 countries worldwide. It was founded in 1932 by Adriaan van Well. Through its affiliate organisations, Spar operates through most European countries, parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Its headquarters are in Amsterdam.
The name was originally DE SPAR, an acronym of the Dutch phrase Door Eendrachtig Samenwerken Profiteren Allen Regelmatig[note 1] (English: through united co-operation everyone regularly profits). The acronym was chosen in order to resonate with the verb "spar" or "spaar" which means "save [money]" in some languages, among them Dutch, German, and Scandinavian languages. As the organisation expanded across Europe, the name was abbreviated by dropping the "DE" prefix. There are some international naming variants:
- In Italy, the name is still Despar, though in keeping with the international branding, the "Spar" section of the logo is highlighted, and the larger stores are still called Eurospar and Interspar. In Austria, Despar is Spar's Italian food store brand.
- In Japan some stores operate under the name Hotspar, although the store logo colouring remains unchanged.
Spar was founded in 1932 in the South Holland town of Zegwaart (now Zoetermeer). In 1953 an International Spar office opened in Amsterdam to control and further develop the organisation throughout Europe and other continents. Most Spar stores are in Europe, but they can also be found in a few countries outside of Europe, such as Oman, Nigeria, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Swaziland, Australia, Mauritius, China, India, Japan, Vanuatu, Greenland and Angola.
A Spar store may be owned independently, by a franchisee, or be part of a chain, depending on the model applied in any given country. The owners of the parent company vary from country to country and may include the store owners themselves. The name and the current logo was most recently revised in 1968 by Raymond Loewy and has remained unchanged ever since.
In the United Kingdom Spar has become known primarily as a convenience store, although in Northern Ireland Spar operates using the subformat Eurospar as well. The company also has a large presence in the Republic of Ireland where it also uses the Eurospar subformat. Spar opened in the Republic of Vanuatu on December 1, 2009, ending Au Bon Marché's grocery monopoly.
In July 2014 SPAR Group South Africa opened its first supermarket in Angola. In August 2014 the group acquired 80% of the BWG Group, which had outlets in Ireland and southwest England.
The first Spar store in Oman was inaugurated in January 2015 in Muscat. SPAR Oman plans to open more stores in the coming months as part of its expansion plans in Oman.
In most, but not all countries, SPAR operates stores of different types and sub-brands.
The Eurospar name is used in Europe and Superspar in South Africa. These are mid-sized supermarkets. They are designed to fit in a niche between convenience stores and traditional supermarkets.
- Spar Express
- Spar Drive-Thru
- Spar Gourmet
Some small Spar stores in Austria are called Spar Gourmet, since the Austrian Spar Group took over the supermarket chains Julius Meinl in 2000. The standard range is extended to local and global delicacies.
International statistics (2014)
|Country||Sales (in millions)||No. of stores||Sales area (m²)||Sales per area||Average store
|Angola||€6.6||1||1,200||€5,465/m²||1,200||2014||The SPAR Group Ltd.|
|Austria||€5,910.-||1,539||1,089,677||€5,424/m²||708||1954||SPAR Austria Group|
|Belgium||€887.2||281||141,799||€6,257/m²||505||1947||Colruyt and Lambrechts|
|Botswana||€117.5||28||28,793||€4,083/m²||1,028||2004||The SPAR Group Ltd.|
|Croatia||€317.9||50||87,384||€3,638/m²||1,748||2004||SPAR Austria Group|
|Hungary||€1,584.0||456||404,794||€3,805/m²||888||1992||SPAR Austria Group|
|Indonesia||7||2015||Ramayana Lestari Sentosa|
|Italy||€3,119.4||1,385||790,969||€3,944/m²||571||1959||SPAR Austria Group|
|Mozambique||€40.3||3||6,451||€6,243/m²||2,150||2012||The SPAR Group Ltd.|
|Namibia||€132.1||28||30,517||€4,327/m²||1,090||2004||The SPAR Group Ltd.|
|Netherlands||€431.6||244||98,506||€4,382/m²||404||1932||SPAR Holding B.V.|
|Oman||€ 6.319||3||2015||Khimji Ramdas|
|Qatar||2016||Qatar National Import and Export Co.|
|Slovenia||€729.6||92||146,873||€4,967/m²||1,596||1992||SPAR Austria Group|
|South Africa||€4,255.-||821||933,886||€4,556/m²||1,137||1963||The SPAR Group Ltd.|
|Switzerland||€498.9||181||74,228||€6,721/m²||410||1989||SPAR Handels AG|
|United Arab Emirates||€54.5||4||6,200||€8,788/m²||1,550||2011||SPAR United Arab Emirates|
|United Kingdom||€3,193.2||2,352||350,240||€9,117/m²||149||1956||SPAR UK|
- Dutch pronunciation: [doːr eːnˈdrɑxtɪx ˈsaːmə(n)ʋɛrkə(n) proːfiˈteːrə(n) ˈɑlə(n) reːɣəlˈmaːtəx]
- SPAR International Anual Report 2015, SPAR International, Amsterdam 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2017
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- "SPAR Countries - SPAR". Spar-int.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
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- "Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch". LEO. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- "DESPAR" (in German). SPAR Österreich. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "SPAR Australia opens first Vanuatu store: AUS - Analysis". Web.archive.org. 2012-04-02. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Cool Nordic". YouTube. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
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- "Athletics, Sprints & Sports Days". Web.archive.org. 2009-10-09. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- [dead link]
- Mark Allix (2014-08-12). "Spar buys stake in Irish supermarkets | Retail & Consumer". BDlive. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- Eric Pfanner (2004-11-12). "An international grocery giant is emerging from the shadows - The New York Times". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- "Store formats". Spar International. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- "SPAR to open 24 more hypermarkets in next two years". Sify.com. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- Boulder Brands CEO Stephen Hughes (3 February 2011). "Spar looks to expand Czech supermarket chain". Just-food.com. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Store formats". Spar South Africa. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Northern Ireland Assembly Information Office. "Northern Ireland Assembly Committee for Social Development - Inquiry into Town Centre Regeneration Report: 14/09/10R". Archive.niassembly.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- derStandard.at (24 February 2008). "Chronologie: Von Konsum bis Rewe - Handel - derStandard.at " Wirtschaft". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- Annual Report 2014. SPAR Worldwide.
- "ASPIAG Countries". www.aspiag.com. Retrieved 2016-04-09.