Sparrmannia africana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

African hemp
Sparmannia africana3.jpg
Sparmannia africana01.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Sparrmannia
S. africana
Binomial name
Sparrmannia africana

Sparrmannia africana (African hemp, African linden) is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to open woodland in Africa, South Africa and Madagascar. It is one of up to seven species in the genus Sparrmannia. The genus name is after Anders Sparrman.

Growing to 3–6 m (10–20 ft) tall by 2–4 m (7–13 ft) broad, S. africana is an evergreen shrub or small tree with large pale green leaves 21 cm (8 in) long and clusters of white flowers with red and yellow stamens. It is not closely related to the true hemp, cannabis.[1]

Sparrmannia species are known for their haptonasty, rapid movements made by the stamens when they are touched. This adaptation helps in more effective pollination.[2]

With a minimum temperature of 7 °C (45 °F), S. africana is grown as a houseplant in temperate regions. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

The spelling Sparmannia is listed as a synonym.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  2. ^ Lunau, K. (2000). "The ecology and evolution of visual pollen signals". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 222: 89–111.
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Sparrmannia africana". Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  4. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 99. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  5. ^ "GRIN Taxonomy for plants - Sparmannia". USDA Agricultural Research Service. Retrieved 4 July 2013.

External links[edit]