|Nickname(s): Bicycling Capital Of America|
|• Mayor||Ron Button|
|• Total||6.60 sq mi (17.09 km2)|
|• Land||6.54 sq mi (16.94 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,600|
|• Density||1,456.0/sq mi (562.2/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Sparta is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States, along the La Crosse River. The population was 9,602 as of July 1, 2011. Sparta is known as the Bicycling Capital of America.
Sparta is located at (43.943061, −90.811818).
Sparta's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average high temperature of 85°F (29°C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 63°F (18°C). January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 26°F (−4°C), with the overnight low temperatures around 6°F (−14°C).
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,522 people, 3,986 households, and 2,342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,456.0 inhabitants per square mile (562.2/km2). There were 4,192 housing units at an average density of 641.0 per square mile (247.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.
There were 3,986 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,648 people, 3,583 households, and 2,217 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,582.2 people per square mile (610.4/km²). There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 683.0 per square mile (263.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.97% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,583 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,397, and the median income for a family was $42,182. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,634 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,238. About 10.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Sparta is the home and international headquarters of several businesses including Century Foods International, Northern Engraving Corp., Spartek, Mathews Inc., F.A.S.T. Corp., Sparta Brush Company, McPherson Guitars, Multistack, Lake States Lumber, and Wesco Home Furnishings.
Butterfest is an annual event in the city. Incorporated on February 14, 1984, it was formed to raise funds and conduct fund raising projects for the advancement of the general welfare of the city of Sparta. Other events include:
- Concerts in the Park
- Sound Taps Wisconsin July 4th Celebration
- Sparta Area Cancer Support Walk
- Leon Gatorfest
- Crazy Dayz
- Women's Softball Tournament
- William Hawley Atwell, U.S. District Court Judge in Texas
- Larry Baumel, NASCAR driver
- William H. Blyton, Wisconsin politician
- Ray Boland, Secretary of the Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs
- George Bunn, Minnesota jurist
- Kathryn F. Clarenbach, the co-founder of NOW, the National Organization for Women
- James DeMott Condit, Wisconsin politician
- Leighton I. Davis, U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General
- Harland E. Everson, Wisconsin politician
- Robert Herman Flock, Roman Catholic bishop
- James Gillett, Governor of California
- James Handlan, Minnesota politician
- Edgar Stillman Kelley, Wisconsin classical composer
- Lawrence P. Kelly, Wisconsin politician
- Ben Lawrence, NFL player
- Robert Bruce McCoy, United States National Guard officer
- Milton Montgomery, Union Army general
- Ivan A. Nestingen, Wisconsin politician
- Alex L. Nicol, Wisconsin politician
- Daniel B. Priest, lawyer
- Robert Quackenbush, Wisconsin politician
- James A. Runde, banker
- Tim Schendel, NASCAR driver
- Deke Slayton, astronaut
- Howard Teasdale, Wisconsin politician
- Mason A. Thayer, Wisconsin politician
- Eli Waste, Wisconsin politician
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Monroe County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 126.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Sparta Butterfest - Sparta, WI
- Robert Herman Flock Bever
- City of Sparta
- Sparta Chamber of Commerce
- Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1884 1889 1894 1900 1911 1922