Sparta (mythology)

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Paphos Archaeological Park. House of Aion: Personifications of river Eurotas and Sparta ( Lakedaimonia ).

In Greek mythology, Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) was the ancient Queen of Sparta, which was named in her honour.[1] She was one of two daughters of King Eurotas of Laconia, with the other being Tiasa.[1][2] According to traditions recorded by Pausanias, her father having no male heirs bequeathed his kingdom to Lacedaemon. When he became king, he changed the name of the land and the inhabitants to Lacedaemon and Lacedaemonians respectively, and he founded the City of Sparta, which was named after his wife.[1] By her husband, she became the mother of Amyclas and Eurydice, wife of King Acrisius of Argos, and the grandmother of Hyacinthus, who was loved by Apollo and Zephyrus, but died during a game of discus due to the latter's jealously.[3][4] She was also an ancestor of King Tyndareus of Sparta and his brother Icarius and their children Clytemnestra, Castor, and Penelope.[5]

Sparta was represented on a sacrificial tripod at Amyclae.

Family tree[edit]

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
InachusMelia
ZeusIoPhoroneus
EpaphusMemphis
LibyaPoseidon
BelusAchiroëAgenorTelephassa
DanausPieriaAegyptusCadmusCilixEuropaPhoenix
MantineusHypermnestraLynceusHarmoniaZeus
Polydorus
SpartaLacedaemonOcaleaAbasAgaveSarpedonRhadamanthus
Autonoë
EurydiceAcrisiusInoMinos
ZeusDanaëSemeleZeus
PerseusDionysus
Colour key:

  Male
  Female
  Deity


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.2
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.18.6
  3. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.3
  4. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1.3.3
  5. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.4