Spartaeinae

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Spartaeinae
Portia.fimbriata.female.-.tanikawa.jpg
female Portia fimbriata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Spartaeinae
Wanless, 1984
Genera

See text.

The Spartaeinae are a subfamily of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). The subfamily was established by Fred R. Wanless in 1984[1] to include the groups Boetheae, Cocaleae, Lineae, Codeteae and Cyrbeae, which in turn were defined by Eugène Simon.[2]

The Spartaeinae are palaeotropical, with an exceptional diversity in the Malaysian and Indonesian archipelagos.[3]

They are unusual salticids that are considered basal to the phylogenetic tree of jumping spiders. Like the Lyssomaninae they lack many derived features that the Salticinae possess.[4] Spartaeinae usually have large posterior median eyes. However, these were reduced in the genera Cyrba, Gelotia and Wanlessia.[5]

Genera[edit]

As of 2015, Spartaeinae is divided into 29 genera:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wanless, Fred R. (1984). "A review of the spider subfamily Spartaeinae nom. n. (Araneae:Salticidae) with descriptions of six genera". Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology). 42 (4): 263–298. 
  2. ^ Simon, E. (1901). Histoire naturelle des araignées (in French). Vol. 2, part 3. pp. 381–668. 
  3. ^ Wijesinghe, D.P. (1992). "A new genus of jumping spider from Borneo with notes on the Spartaeine palp (Araneae: Salticidae)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 40: 9–19. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  4. ^ Maddison, Wayne P. (1995). "Spartaeinae". The Tree of Life Web Project Version 1. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  5. ^ Zhang, J.X.; Woon, J.R.W. & Li, D. (2006). "A new genus and species of jumping spiders (Araneae:Salticidae:Spartaeinae) from Malaysia" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 54 (2): 241–244. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  6. ^ Maddison, Wayne P. (November 2015). "A phylogenetic classification of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae)" (PDF). Journal of Arachnology. 43 (3): 231–292. doi:10.1636/arac-43-03-231-292. Retrieved 2016-02-01.