Spartan: Total Warrior

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Spartan: Total Warrior
PAL region cover art
PAL region cover art
Developer(s) The Creative Assembly
Publisher(s) Sega
Producer(s) Luci "Loci" Black
Jonathan Court
Moran Paldi
Designer(s) Clive Gratton
Writer(s) Michael de Plater
Composer(s) Jeff van Dyck
Series Total War
Platform(s) PlayStation 2, GameCube, Xbox
Release date(s)
Genre(s) Action, hack and slash
Mode(s) Single-player

Spartan: Total Warrior is a 2005 hack and slash video game developed by The Creative Assembly and published by Sega for Xbox, PlayStation 2 and GameCube. It was released in Europe on October 7, 2005,[1] in North America on October 25[2] and in Japan on August 31, 2006.[3] It is a spin-off of the Total War series.

The plot revolves around a Spartan warrior, secretly guided by the god Ares, as he fights alongside his Greek allies against the invading Roman Empire. While the Total War series traditionally focuses upon real historical scenarios, the plot of Spartan: Total Warrior is completely fictional, involves figures from both Greek and Roman mythology, and features many ahistorical elements (most obviously, the Roman Empire and the Spartan state did not exist at the same time in history). It is also the only installment in the series thus far to have been released for the console market rather than for PCs. As Sega had purchased The Creative Assembly in 2005, Spartan: Total Warrior was the first Total War game published by Sega.


Spartan Total Warrior is a hack and slash game wherein the player is able to use two main types of attack; a simple attack which damages one enemy, and a radial attack that damages multiple enemies. The simple attack is fast and causes more damage; the radial attack is slower, but damages multiple enemies moderately. One button is used to initiate the single attack, and a different button to initiate the radial attack. However, each attack can be modified in certain ways; for example, rather than using the character's weapon, the player can initiate either an individual or a radial attack using their shield, their bow or their magic power.[4]

Combat in Spartan: Total Warrior. The player's health meter and current weapon is on the top left, below which is the player's magic tank. On the top right is the health meter and name of the currently targeted enemy.

As the player progresses through the game, new weapons are unlocked, each of which comes with its own strengths and weaknesses. The player begins with a sword and shield and a basic bow. The first new weapon is the Blades of Athena, dual swords which are considerably faster than the single sword. Later in the game, they can upgrade their shield (the Shield of Medusa), and bow (the Bow of Power), whilst also discovering other new weapons; a hammer (Death-Biter) and a spear (the Spear of Achilles). The Death Biter is very strong, but slow; the Spear has a long reach and deals moderate damage but combos are difficult to execute.[5][6] The player character also grows in strength as the game progresses. At the end of each level, he is awarded tokens which he can use to increase his damage, health and magic.[7]

Magic in the game is in the form of the "Power of the Gods." When the player's magic tank is full, the player can use single or radial magic attacks, with each weapon having a specific magical power; for example, the Shield of Medusa radial magic attack turns all on screen enemies to stone for a short period of time; the Blades of Athena individual magic attack causes a single enemy to explode.[8] Another important feature of the game is when the character lands a certain amount of attacks, a rage meter fills, which, when full, can be used to unleash powerful attacks. Again, each weapon has its own specific rage attack, and the player has a choice between an individual rage attack or a radial rage attack.[9] The player also has a bow and arrow, which can fire single arrows or multiple arrows. The bow can be combined with both the Power of the Gods and the rage ability to produce powerful individual and radial attacks.[10]

Combat tends to be focused on large battles with multiple combatants. The player will often take on large numbers of enemies at once, sometimes with AI allies, sometimes alone. In the midst of battle, a small flash is placed on an attacking enemy's weapon to indicate the danger of an impending strike. Care must be taken to block incoming attacks in between offensive blows, hence the player must balance offence and defense to avoid taking damage. The player's shield can also be used to shove enemies back (again, the player has the option to shove back a single enemy a good distance, or perform a radial shove, pushing a group of enemies back a small amount). This allows the player to interrupt an enemy's block, or to shove enemies off ledges.[11] Shield attacks are especially important for fighting enemies who themselves have shields, as shield attacks can knock them off balance briefly, leaving them open to attack.[10] When an enemy has been knocked to the ground, the player can perform a one hit finishing move, which differs with each weapon. Using these finishing moves in succession fills the rage bar much quicker than landing successful attacks on standing enemies.[12]


Set in 300 BC, the Roman army is in the midst of subduing Greece. With Emperor Tiberius (voiced by Kevin Howarth) overseeing the invasion from Rome, the army has swept across most of the country, with only the city of Sparta remaining.[13] As the game begins, the Spartan king, Leonidas (Bill Roberts) is preparing his troops for the imminent invasion. Under his command is a man known simply as "The Spartan," (Qaurie Marshall) an orphan raised from childhood to be a soldier, who has developed exceptional warrior skills.[14] His closest friends are the brothers Castor and Pollux (Tom Clarke Hill and Noah Lee Margetts respectively). As Leonidas rallies his troops, The Spartan hears the voice of Ares, God of War (Stanley Townsend), who offers him a deal; he will aid The Spartan in defeating the Romans and revealing his true identity in return for The Spartan delivering an unspecified revenge for which Ares craves.

Led by General Crassus (Jay Simon), the Romans attack the city, using Talos, an animated bronze giant. The Spartans are able to hold the Romans off long enough for The Spartan to destroy Talos. That night, Ares instructs The Spartan to infiltrate the Roman camp and recover the Blades of Athena, lost since the Trojan War, and looted from the Parthenon by the Romans during the conquest of Athens. Accompanied by Castor, The Spartan is successful, and during the raid, they encounter Electra (Julia Innocenti), leader of the Amazons. She was captured whilst tracking the Romans through Greece. Imprisoned in the camp, she had killed her guard and was escaping when she met Castor and The Spartan. Once back in Sparta, she demands to speak to Leonidas, telling him that the Romans have built an incredibly powerful weapon, capable of obliterating the entire city. She is proved correct when Crassus reveals a weapon powered by Medusa, with the capability of turning entire phalanxes to stone in a split second. As the Spartan army makes its last stand in the ruins of the city, The Spartan fights his way to Medusa. He kills Crassus and destroys the weapon.

In the battle's aftermath, Ares instructs The Spartan to go to the ruins of Troy and recover the Spear of Achilles, as only with this weapon will he be powerful enough to defeat the Romans. The Spartan travels through the Badlands north of Greece with Castor, Pollux and Electra, saving a village from barbarian warriors under the command of Beowulf (Seamus O'Neil). Upon their arrival in Troy, The Spartan enters the ruins under the city, where he encounters Sejanus (John Isaacs), the Praetorian prefect who serves as Tiberius' right-hand man. Sejanus is also a powerful necromancer, capable of resurrecting the dead. The Spartan fights his way through the ruins of the city, passing the remains of the Trojan Horse. Upon reaching the tomb of Achilles, he is once more confronted by Sejanus, who makes him fight an exact copy of himself, with the same abilities and knowledge. The Spartan again survives, and retrieves the Spear. He fights his way out of the ruins, rejoining his allies, and attempting to leave the city. However, they are informed by Sejanus that Sparta has fallen. The Spartan is then confronted by the Hydra. Using the Spear, he is able to defeat the beast.

The Spartan now travels to Athens, seeking the advice of the scientist Archimedes (Jay Benedict), who is leading the Athenian Resistance against the occupying Romans. He aids the resistance by protecting Archimedes from Roman assassins, saving several resistance members from execution, and leading the people of Athens in a revolution, storming the mansion occupied by Sejanus and the Praetorian Guard. The mansion is taken, and the Romans slaughtered, but Sejanus escapes. The Spartan then re-activates one of Archimedes' inventions, the Eye of Apollo, to power a lightning gun, which he uses to shoot down the dragon Ladon, used by Sejanus as a steed. Once dismounted, Pollux charges Sejanus, but is killed. Sejanus then turns him into an undead minion whom Castor is forced to fight, whilst The Spartan and Electra battle Sejanus. They defeat him, and mourn Pollux, but celebrate as the Romans are driven from Athens.

Leaving Electra in Athens to oversee Pollox' funeral, The Spartan and Castor travel to Rome, via the Gates of Saturn, a heavily guarded fortress in the Alps. In the complex, they encounter an undead Sejanus, who has returned from Hades. The Spartan kills Sejanus' priestesses, from whom he gets his power, before finally defeating Sejanus for good, whilst the Spartan army massacre the Roman garrison.

The Spartan and Castor then continue to Rome and meet up with Electra, where they plan to assassinate Tiberius. The Spartan uses the Roman sewers and catacombs to infiltrate the city, while the others travel to the Colosseum, where Tiberius is attending a gladiatorial contest. They plan to kill Tiberius by placing explosives under his platform. After encountering and defeating the Minotaur, The Spartan arrives at the surface. However, the others are discovered and forced to detonate the bomb too early, missing Tiberius. The Spartan saves Electra and Castor from execution, and makes his way to Tiberius. However, Tiberius commits suicide out of fear of an unknown "master."

The Spartan then enters the arena, where he meets Ares. Ares tells The Spartan, that he is the son of one of Aphrodite's handmaidens. The handmaiden revealed Ares' affair with Aphrodite to her husband, Hephaestus. Ares killed the handmaiden, but was banished by the other gods. Knowing that Ares would determine to kill the handmaiden's child, the gods decided to protect him by hiding him. He was thus left in Sparta as a baby and granted superhuman powers and the abilities to protect himself should Ares ever locate him. Unable to find the child, Ares organized the Roman invasion of Greece knowing that the combat would result in the child coming to the fore because of his abilities. The death of The Spartan is the revenge which Ares seeks. Ares and The Spartan fight, with The Spartan killing the god. Castor and Electra then arrive in the arena, with Castor, now the King of Sparta, stating; "It was over. our epic quest to stop Tiberius and the Roman Empire had ultimately drawn us to this moment. The Spartan had discovered his true identity, defeated the Empire, and battled a vengeful god to free his people. A warrior, a hero, a legend."


"Spartan: Total Warrior is simply immense - nothing like this has been seen before on this technology. We have 170 warriors onscreen at once, all with full AI. We have no intrusive fogging, no pop up, and it runs at a smooth 60fps, with 160,000 polys per frame in a kilometre-wide environment, all pre-rendered. The action is true many vs many - every enemy will hunt down and fight an ally, and vice versa. This really is something else."

—Game designer, Sophie Blakemore[6]

The game originated with Creative Assembly's desire to do a Total War game on a console. Because of technological limitations, however, it was impossible to do a "true" Total War game,[15] so they decided to do an action game in the tradition of the series; rather than the player taking control of a commanding officer overseeing the army, the player would control a soldier within the actual battle. As soon as the development team behind Rugby completed that project, they began work on Spartan.[16] The game began as a demo designed by project lead Clive Gratton, which was solely created in order to determine whether it was possible for a gaming console to handle hundreds of independently acting characters on-screen at once. The demo, which took six months to code, consisted of three-hundred Roman soldiers running over a hill with a castle in the background and the player character in the middle of the group. The demo ran at 60fps and had a draw distance of 750 meters, which was much deeper than Gratton had anticipated.[17]

Once they had determined they could produce the game technologically, the team began to work on the concept. They wanted to use aspects of the Roman Empire they had come across in their research for Rome: Total War, but hadn't used in the actual game. They then began to speculate as to who would be a good theoretical opponent for the Romans. Gratton was a fan of the mythology that has built up concerning the Battle of Thermopylae, and decided that the Spartans would be the perfect protagonists. This also led the team into the realm of creating an ahistorical narrative, because "Thermopylae is a historical story which has almost crossed over into myth. Yes, there was an outnumbered battle there which helped save Greece from the Persians, but the details have been lost." Gratton explains that

Filmic influences on the game included Braveheart, Gladiator and Jason and the Argonauts.[6]

The technology behind the game was based upon a use of a vector processor in the PlayStation 2 called Vector-unit Zero (VU0). Gratton states that "a large chunk of this game is written in hand coded assembly language on the vector units. It's a miracle of technology!"[18] He also explained that because the CPUs of both the Xbox and Gamecube are so adept, although the game was developed on PlayStation 2 technology, it transferred straight across to the other consoles. Gratton was also keen to point out that no middleware was used at any point during the production of the game, and that the technological innovations were all based upon gameplay decisions; not simply to be innovative for innovations sake.[18]

Although the game is played on a large scale, the team was also concerned to make individual combat important. According to Gratton,

Gratton wanted the player to have multiple options at every point of the game; "we realized early on that we'd need a combat system which would allow the player to come face-to-face with a horde of enemies and have fun killing them. We also wanted fights against smaller numbers and one-on-one fights, and so we needed a very large range of techniques to dispatch enemies. Making a decision about which technique you wanted to achieve on a moment-by-moment basis as the shape of the encounter changed also seemed to be very important. This would require a combat system that gave instantaneous control of the techniques available. Eventually the marketing department would dub this "action and reaction" combat."[20]

"With Spartan: Total Warrior, Creative Assembly has developed a title that offers both dynamic, real-time combat sequences and epic-sized battles; a combination that has never been technically accomplished on this generation of hardware."

—Sega of America vice president of marketing, Scott A. Steinberg[21]

However, he was determined to avoid a button-masher, where the player could easily win by continually attacking. He also wanted to avoid the use of complex multi-button combos; "creating a UI which was simple and yet allowed access to a large variety of clearly differentiated moves was a priority."[20] This is where the idea of radial combat came from. The attack button performs different actions depending on which shoulder button is pressed, thus allowing the player to change their strategy instantaneously in battle, whether using the sword, shield or bow. Gratton says the depth of the combat comes from finger memory, with the combat system's simplicity being its strongest feature;[19] "we have two consistent buttons to press for attacks and two modifiers to change your weapon from the sword: shield or bow. We quickly realized that this system could be applied to all of the attacking moves to create the simple attack UI (two buttons). Modifiers are used to create the depth of moves required. Pick up and play at its best! The skill is not in the ability to select a move - the skill comes from the user deciding what is the best move to use for a given situation."[20]

The game was officially announced by at the Game Developers Conference on March 8, 2005, when Sega of America and Sega Europe revealed they had partnered with The Creative Assembly to publish a console spin-off of the Total War PC series. It was revealed the game would be more action orientated than other games in the series[21] and that, unlike the other games, where players control entire armies, in Spartan, the player would control a single warrior throughout.[22] The following day, Sega announced they had purchased Creative Assembly as part of their strategy "to strengthen [their] emphasis on the western market."[23] Sega also stated "by acquiring the shares of The Creative Assembly Ltd., Sega Sammy Group will be able to obtain competitive titles and a strong brand in the North American and European markets, in addition to expand product lines and increase sales volumes dramatically. Furthermore, we believe that we will be able to make good use of the development engines produced by The Creative Assembly Ltd. to expand future titles, as well as developing new ventures for next-generation platforms with the team."[24]

More information about the game was released just prior to E3 in May 2005. Two non-playable demo levels were shown and some backstory was revealed. The game engine was shown to be capable of creating battles involving up to 170 soldiers, with advanced AI resulting in enemies and allies fighting one another irrespective of the player's actions.[6][10] A new playable demo was made available at E3 itself, with Sega particularly emphasizing that at any one time in battle, the player may have three or four simultaneous objectives.[12] A near complete build of the game was sent out to gaming websites in August. IGN's Juan Castro wrote "While unfinished, Spartan: Total Warrior looks good and plays well. Something made even better knowing that a little development time remains before the game needs to ship. For now, though, combat feels intense and moves at a fluid pace, running at a solid framerate throughout."[7] GameSpot's Justin Calvert was equally impressed, especially with the absence of in-game loading; "there are absolutely no load times once the action gets under way--which is no small achievement, given the sheer scale of some of the environments."[4]


Review scores
Publication Score
GC PS2 Xbox
Eurogamer 8/10[31]
GameSpot 7.1/10[32] 7.1/10[33] 7.1/10[34]
GamesRadar 4/5 stars[35] 4/5 stars[35] 4/5 stars[35]
IGN 7.9/10[36]
Nintendo Power 8.5/10[37]
OPM (US) 4/5 stars[38]
OXM 8.4/10[39]
OXM (UK) 7.6/10[39]
Aggregate scores
GameRankings 73.41%[25] 74.45%[26] 74.09%[27]
Metacritic 73/100[28] 74/100[29] 73/100[30]

Spartan: Total Warrior received a generally positive reaction. The PlayStation 2 version holds aggregate scores of 74 out of 100 on Metacritic based on thirty-three reviews,[29] and 74.45% on GameRankings based on thirty-eight reviews.[26] The GameCube version holds scores of 73 on Metacritic based on twenty-four reviews,[28] and 73.41% on GameRankings based on twenty-five reviews.[25] The Xbox version holds scores of 73 on Metacritic based on thirty-six reviews,[30] and 74.09% on GameRankings based on thirty-seven reviews.[27]

GameSpot's Greg Mueller argued that the game had the potential to be a lot better. Scoring it 7.1, he called it "a basic action game with a heavy dose of button mashing and a little bit of task management." Finding the combat repetitive, he argued that "even with the rage moves the combat can get pretty dull after a while." He was also critical of the graphics, writing "detail is sometimes sacrificed to achieve that nice frame rate. The character models are blocky, and they don't animate particularly well. Additionally, all the textures are fuzzy and bland. The environments tend to look quite similar throughout the game, with lots of unnaturally sharp edges and reused textures. The in-game cutscenes just call attention to the dull graphics by showing ugly characters gesturing like robots while delivering some terrible dialogue." He concluded that "overall, Spartan: Total Warrior is a pretty fun, though derivative, action game that should keep you entertained for at least the six or seven hours it takes you to get through the story. With just a bit more effort, Spartan could have been great."[32][33][34]

IGN's Juan Castro also thought the game came close to greatness, but fell somewhat short, scoring it 7.9 out of 10. He argued that "As exhilarating and action-packed as the game gets, it also gets mind-devastatingly annoying due to a number of hiccups that proper testing could have eliminated." He was particularly critical of the targeting camera when using the bow. On the other hand, he wrote, "Total Warrior is a technically great game. The engine pushes hundreds of units at once while offering a good deal of visual panache. There's little to no slowdown throughout the entire experience, even with explosions rocking the screen and body parts flying every which way." He concluded that "Spartan: Total Warrior does so many things right that it genuinely pains us to see the experience get bogged down by a handful of major annoyances. Creative Assembly crafted a marvelous game engine, too, one that affords spectacular encounters filled with more action, blood and "Holy crap did you see that!?" moments than we'd care to mention. It's therefore unfortunate that the unrefined targeting system, cheap boss battles and generally unhelpful friendly AI make the experience a mixed bag of exhilarating and exasperating moments."[36]

Eurogamer's Kieron Gillen scored the PlayStation 2 version 8 out of 10, and was impressed with the scope; "Initially playing it is a shock, immediately having a scope which few PS2 games - hell, few games full stop - manage to match. Opening scenes with you as a soldier among dozens in the defence of Sparta are reminiscent of Call of Duty‍ '​s Russian scenes. Epic is the word." He also praised the combat and the simple but effective controls, feeling the game just about avoided being a button masher. However, he also found it too difficult in places, and felt that often, the time between save points was too long. However, he concluded by referring to the game as "a whole lot of slick, entertaining violence."[31]

GamesRadar's Brent Goodsmith scored the game 4 out of 5. He felt it was a button masher, arguing that attacking "is executed via the trusted medium of button bashing. The developers will hate us for saying this, because they've pointed out to us on multiple occasions the non-bashy, all-skillsy nature of Spartan: Total Warrior‍ '​s combat. But put the controller in our hands and those buttons are going to take a spanking." However, he didn't see this as an inherent problem, "regardless of how it is achieved, the result is much the same: oodles of rapid-fire killing and the satisfaction of hacking up enemies more numerous than in any console action game that has gone before." He concluded that "Spartan does things right out of the box that the première hack-and-slash series Dynasty Warriors, about to release its tenth PS2 entry, has yet to achieve."[35]


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