|Hybrid parentage||'McIntosh' × Unknown|
|Origin||Summerland, British Columbia, Canada, 1936|
The 'Spartan' is an apple cultivar developed by Dr. R. C Palmer and introduced in 1936 from the Federal Agriculture Research Station in Summerland, British Columbia, now known as the Pacific Agri-food Research Centre - Summerland. The 'Spartan' is notable for being the first new breed of apple produced from a formal scientific breeding program. The apple was supposed to be a cross between two North American cultivars, the 'McIntosh' and the 'Newtown Pippin', but recently, genetic analysis showed the 'Newtown Pippin' was not one of the parents and its identity remains a mystery. The 'Spartan' apple is considered a good all-purpose apple. The apple is of medium size and has a bright-red blush, but can have background patches of greens and yellows.
- Scab: high
- Powdery mildew: high
- Cedar apple rust: high
- Fire blight: medium
Sports and descendants
- 'Hunter Spartan', a tetraploid form of 'Spartan'
apple from Chernihiv (Ukraine), 2014
- Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. "Summerland - History The 20s and 30s". Retrieved March 13, 2007.
- Orange Pippin. "Spartan apple". Archived from the original on May 1, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
- Science Canada. "Spartan Apples". Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Galetta Nurseries. "Apple Trees". Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- Dr. Stephen Miller of the USDA Fruit Research Lab in Kearneysville, West Virginia.
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