Spathoglottis plicata

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Spathoglottis plicata
FatuIva OrchidaceaeSpathoglottisPlicata 20061111.JPG
Spathoglottis plicata flowers
Spathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) - white cultivar.jpg
Spathoglottis plicata white cultivar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epidendreae
Subtribe: Laeliinae
Genus: Spathoglottis
Species: S. plicata
Binomial name
Spathoglottis plicata

Spathoglottis plicata is a species of terrestrial orchid found from tropical and subtropical Asia to the western Pacific including Hawaiʻi, Tonga and Samoa. It is the type species of the genus Spathoglottis. It is commonly known as the Philippine ground orchid,[1] Philippine orchid, or large purple orchid.

It also occurs in Australia from Cooktown to the Jardine River on Cape York Peninsula and is listed as vulnerable. It is found in seasonally inundated and other moist ares, in sunny areas near swamps, seepages, and small streams. In Australia it flowers from September to April.[2][3]

Spathoglottis plicata is listed as "vulnerable" in Australia. The main potential threats are considered to "include over-collection and illegal collection by orchid enthusiasts,disturbance and foraging by feral pigs (Sus scrofa), and altered hydrology (Landsberg & Clarkson, 2004)."[4]



  • Jones, David L. (2006). A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia Including the Island Territories. Reed New Holland, Sydney. ISBN 1-877069-12-4.

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